Glossary of Web Terms

Browsing or Surfing the web - looking at pages and going from page to page

Download - to transfer a file from a server to your computer (when you are browsing you look at the file while it is on the server, usually you can only download a copy of the file - if you are at your own site and have the password, you can download the file and change it or remove it from the server)

Editor - a program which allows you to create or change a web page without necessarily knowing HTML, it usually looks like a word processor (like a foreign language, you can read or write it if you have a translator, and you need a translator if you don't want to learn it yourself)

FTP - stands for "File Transfer Protocol", it is a way to upload or download files, you can use a separate program to do this, but many HTML editors now include it in their program as a button or other option (an FTP program is like the mail man)

Home Page or Web Page - all the different files (pages) you create which are linked together by hyperlinks; "home page" can also refer to your "index" or starting page; "web page" can also refer to a single file/page

Host - an organization/company which usually runs/owns a server (see Internet provider) and lets people publish their web pages through them/on their server

HTML - a computer language which most web pages are written in, you may remember or have heard of other computer languages like Basic (in the 80's) or C+

"index" page - the page of your home page which people go to when they first go to your site, there must be a main/central/starting page which is a file named "index"

Internet Provider - a company which provides a connection to the internet, usually through your phone line, at an average cost of $10-$20 per month (kind of like calling to sign up for long distance phone service, there may be several companies in your area offering different service packages at different prices for different needs and you can't call long distance from your phone without one)

Links or Hyperlinks - usually text which is underlined and colored blue before you click on it, they connect pages and allow a person to go from one page to another, a link can connect to another page (part) in the same site (ie. your meeting's Sunday school schedule), or to a page created by someone else (ie. the FUM home page) (like a hallway or road)

Navigating the web - moving from one page to another to another; following links

Server - a big computer which can keep information for many people to access at once (it is usually "remote", ie. not in the same room as you) (it is like the hub of a wheel, or a warehouse with a loading dock where people can pick up, drop off or store information)

Site (also called a URL) - the web address or location of a web page (the land your house is built on)

Upload - to transfer a file from your computer to a server (usually you can only upload a file to a server when you have an account and password on that server)

The World Wide Web (www) or the Internet - a mass network of computerized information which has been uploaded to servers around the world, people navigate or "surf" the Internet by linking from page to page on a server or from server to server (Publishing on the web is like writing an article on your computer (creating a home page) and sending it off (uploading) to a publisher (host) like Friends United Press. They publish it (put it on their server) on page 35 in "Quaker Life" (at a particular web address) and anyone around the world who picks up a copy can read it (visit the web site). The person can make a photocopy of the article and pass it on to a friend, or they can tell a friend to pick up that issue of Quaker Life and look on page 35. The article may be continued on page 42, so the reader would have to turn (link) to page 42 to read more.)

This material is from the handbook used at the Web Page Building Workshop
sponsored by the North Carolina Yearly Meeting (FUM) Young Adult Committee on May 15, 1999.

Glossary created by Sara Van Degrift ©1999.

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Last Revised July 2000