Welcome to the Free Online Scholarship (FOS) Newsletter
     February 14, 2001

The next issue will come out after a longer interval than usual so that I can take a four-day vacation next week.


The Budapest Open Access Initiative

Today marks the official launch of the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI), the most important FOS initiative in a long time.  This is the public statement and plan of action that emerged from the conference in Budapest I attended in early December (and described briefly in FOSN for 12/5/01).  Between the conference and today, the participants have been drafting the statement and a few other documents to accompany it.  I'm very pleased with the result and very proud to have played a role in it.  Let me give you a quick tour.

The drafters of BOAI represent many perspectives on FOS, many different nations, and many different FOS initiatives.  The experience around the table came from university research, libraries, philanthropy, and non-profit and for-profit publishing.  You can find the individual drafters and their affiliations at the bottom of the main document, so I won't repeat them here.  The first point to make, though, is that while disagreements were plentiful, we all saw that agreements were more basic than disagreements.  This diverse group agreed on a common plan to achieve FOS.

The initiative endorses the goal of "open access", the term used by BOAI for what I tend to call free online access.  BOAI calls for open access to peer-reviewed research articles in all academic fields and the preprints that might precede them.  It can easily and naturally be extended to all digital content that its authors consent to disseminate without payment.

BOAI endorses two strategies to achieve open access, and supports experiments with other strategies that might prove effective.  The first strategy is what Stevan Harnad calls self-archiving.  Authors put preprints in institutional or disciplinary archives that comply with the protocols of the Open Archives Initiative.  When their articles are published in peer-reviewed journals, they also archive either the refereed postprint or a list of corrigenda (differences between the preprint and the postprint), depending on the journal's permission policies.  The second strategy is to launch a new generation of journals committed to provide open access to all their contents.  The two strategies are not only compatible; they are complementary.  Putting them together creates synergy and the acceleration of parallel processing.

Both strategies are sustainable in the long term.  We know this because providing open access costs much less than traditional forms of dissemination and much less than the money currently spent on journal subscriptions.  The only problem is the transition from here to there.  The BOAI is especially promising because it understands this and mobilizes the financial resources to help make the transition possible.  George Soros' Open Society Institute (OSI), which convened the original meeting in Budapest, is committing one million dollars a year for three years to BOAI, and recruiting other foundations to add their support to the cause.

What makes BOAI special is the way it embraces different approaches and combines principle, strategy, tested means to the desired end, and cash.

I'm especially pleased with the BOAI's friendliness toward the many players in the landscape and its focus on constructive steps toward the goal.  The BOAI doesn't demand that existing journals change their prices or their access policies.  We hope they will, and we will even help pay the costs of converting to a different business model for journals willing to change.  But if not, we'll just pursue our goal without their participation.  BOAI doesn't call for boycotts of any kind of literature, any kind of journal, or any kind of publisher.  It doesn't call for violations of copyright or even for changes in copyright law.  It doesn't demand, and needn't wait for, any changes from publishers, markets, or legislation.  Scientists and scholars have all the means within their grasp.  The BOAI calls on scientists and scholars to take up these means and use them, and it invites the cooperation of all those disposed to help.

My considered judgment is that the primary obstacle faced by BOAI, and the FOS movement in general, is misunderstanding.  Most of the objections we hear (about copyright, about quality and peer review, about financing...) are based on misunderstanding.  That's good news insofar as it means that most resistance will melt away when our ends and means are properly understood.  But of course it's bad news if our efforts to date have not done more to clarify our ends and means.  The BOAI is taking steps to disarm as many objections as possible with a detailed FAQ.  Not everyone will read it, of course.  But for those who do, it will answer 95% of the questions, objections, and anxieties that similar initiatives have provoked in the past.  Of course, FAQ's don't change the world, and we have other tools for changing the world.  But if our primary obstacle really is misunderstanding, then the FAQ is one of our most potent tools.

HOW YOU CAN HELP.  You can help the BOAI by signing it, persuading your institution to sign it, and spreading the word about it.  A signature indicates a pledge of assistance and participation.  If you are willing to self-archive your own papers, or submit them to open-access journals, help launch new open-access journals, or any of a number of things listed at the site, then you should sign.  Signatures don't call on others to act, but demonstrate that someone is acting.  The growing list of signatures is a measure of our strength.

If you have questions about BOAI, send them to me (peters [at] earlham.edu) and I'll try to answer them in the newsletter or the discussion forum.

BOAI Home page

What you can do to help
(Separate sections for researchers, universities, libraries, journals, foundations, professional societies, governments, and citizens.)

(The FAQ and the list of ways you can help, above, will remain open to revision.)

See who has signed

Sign it yourself

Open Society Institute

* Postscript.  I like the term "open access" and will start to use it more often in the newsletter.  It's not perfect, however.  It's short but not self-explanatory.  We decided that this was better than a long phrase that contained all the needed nuances.  ("Free online access" is more self-explanatory but still falls short; a truly self-explanatory phrase would be very long.)  The BOAI defines the term explicitly, which frees it to trade off perspicuity for brevity.  If the term and its definition can spread, then we'll have a useful new tool for discussing FOS issues.  --Now all we need is a short term for the body of literature to which this applies.

* PPS.  The term "open access" is already spreading in this context.  The Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC) supports both free and affordable scholarly journals, and has now flagged the free ones on its web list with a bright yellow "Open Access" icon.  SPARC is an institutional signatory of the BOAI, and SPARC's director, Rick Johnson, is one of the BOAI drafters.

* PPPS.  I expected to have no news accounts of BOAI to cite until the next issue.  But here are a few that just came out as I prepare to click SEND.

Declan Butler, Soros Offers Access to Science Papers (for _Nature_)

Ivan Noble, Boost for Research Paper Access (for BBC)

Michael Smith, Soros Backs Academic Rebels (for UPI)

More to come!


International Scholarly Communications Alliance

Eight major research library organizations from eight nations launched the International Scholarly Communications Alliance (ISCA) on February 6.  "Because the ISCA recognizes that both the publishing industry and the research community are global, its members will concentrate on ways to ensure open and affordable access to scholarship across national boundaries. Its essential partnership will be with the scholar-author, the key provider of the world's research."

ISCA members represent over 600 research libraries around the world, with budgets over $5 billion (US), and serving more than 11 million faculty and students.  ISCA will act on behalf of all its members to promote "necessary, practical and viable...initiatives to transform the scholarly communication process".  Its press release gives two examples.  One is SPARC and the other is self-archiving using OAI-compliant institutional archives.


The Alliance for Cellular Signaling (AfCS)

The AfCS is a consortium of scientists studying how cells use contextual clues to interpret signals.  What's unusual is that AfCS puts its research discoveries into the public domain and supports open, rapid, and mutual information exchanges among alliance members.  Hence, to become a participating investigator, one must agree in advance relinquish intellectual property rights to all research discoveries made with AfCS funds.

In November, AfCS announced a partnership with _Nature_ and the Nature Publishing Group (NPG).  Together they will create the AfCS/Nature Signalling Gateway, which will be free to all users.  Research results that survive the peer review process of the AfCS Molecule Page will count as NPG publications and will be retrievable as such --and still be accessible to all without charge.  The collaborative site will launch in the spring/summer of 2002.  This is _Nature_'s most important FOS experiment.

Alliance for Cellular Signaling

AfCS position on intellectual property and the public domain

AfCS Newsletter story on the role of _Nature_
(Scroll to page 2.)



* In May, Lawrence Lessig plans to launch a project called Creative Commons, which will offer free, flexible intellectual property licenses designed to protect authors, promote sharing, and encourage the creativity that has been stifled by copyright.  The customizable licenses will protect art, literature, scholarship, software, or music.  The standard Commons License will assign most of the author's rights to the public domain while reserving others, such as the right to block the publication of altered, misattributed, or commercial versions of the author's work.  (PS:  This is very similar to the kind of license the Public Library of Science recommends for scientific journal articles.)  The project will also act as a "conservancy" for this kind of content, and use its resources to protect the reserved rights of the authors and creators.  In this sense, the Commons will use current copyright law to promote sharing and protect rights, rather than work to reform copyright law.  (In his books, Lessig advocates significant copyright reforms, but this project doesn't presuppose or lobby for those refoms.)  The combination of licenses that reserve enforceable rights and a committed organization to enforce them should encourage more authors and creators to consent to the free online distribution of their works.

News stories on the Creative Commons

The Creative Commons, beta site
(Thanks to Internet Law News.)

* The Science Société subcommittee on intellectual property of the French Académie des Sciences has issued a public statement asking the European Commission not to apply a May 2001 copyright directive to scientific publications.  A scientific publication like a journal article should be treated differently from other literature because the author of the scientific publication "ne cherche pas à tirer un avantage financier de sa publication" (seeks no financial gain).  Copyright law should recognize the important difference between the two kinds of writing, and should recognize that applying the rules of revenue-producing literature to donated literature (e.g. by limiting copying) will actually hinder the dissemination of the latter against the wishes of authors.  To help readers understand the issues, it refers them to the FOS debate in _Nature_ and the Public Library of Science.  The site includes a web form allowing others to sign the statement.
(Thanks to Stevan Harnad.)

* Eprints v. 2.0 has now been released.  Eprints is free software for making OAI-compatible archives for self-archiving.

* Elsevier Science has started distributing science books through ebrary.  Ebrary allows free online full-text reading, but charges for printing and copying.  This counts as another Elsevier experiment with FOS (see FOSN for 1/30/02).
(Thanks to Gary Price's VASND.)

* Print books are 3D objects, but ebook formats offer only a 2D experience.  Until now.  The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill has received a grant to develop ebooks that recreate "the experience of viewing a book in three dimensions".  We're not talking about pop-up books for kids, but rare and antiquarian books whose paper texture or hand-painted (hence 3D) illustrations can offer clues to scholars that 2D text and images cannot.

* This month, CrossRef signed its 100th participating publisher (Hogrefe & Huber) and registered its 4 millionth journal article.  CrossRef is a non-profit corporation using open standards to automate reference linking between online journal articles.  Its goal is "to register all citable professional and scholarly content available in electronic form".

* Blackwell Synergy (369 science journals) has offered free online access from its launch until now, to help potential buyers become familiar with the service.  The free trial period is now over.  The only free services left are searching and browsing tables of contents and abstracts, full-text access to sample issues, and email delivery of tables of contents.

* Innovative Interfaces has released Metasource, a suite of tools to help libraries manage their digital collections.

* ISI has adopted SmartLogik to be its cross-archive search engine.  SmartLogik tools create a uniform interface for proprietary and public (free) databases.

SmartLogik/ISI press release

SmartLogik home page

* In Kelly v. Arriba, decided on February 6, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that search engines may present users with thumbnail images of copyrighted photographs.  That is protected by fair use.  However, they may not let users click on the thumbnail to view a larger image.  (PS: This case doesn't affect most online scholarship, because most scholarship consists of text without images and most search engines return text without images.  However, we should see this as one more step in the slow and steady resolution of previously unresolved questions about the legality of crawling copyrighted content and giving searchers useful summaries and links.)


New on the net

* Six Canadian universities have launched TAPoR (Text-Analysis Portal for Research) to serve scholars who study electronic texts.  The portal will disseminate electronic texts produced in Canada and offer software to facilitate their analysis.  TAPoR is funded by the six universities and the largest grant ($1.6 million US) the Canadian government has ever given to a project in the Humanities (but the smallest award given this year by Canada's Foundation for Innovation).  TAPoR will be one of the world's largest free text databases.  It will contain stories in aboriginal Canadian languages, transcribed oral history, old English texts from all English-speaking countries, and other rare texts.

TAPoR home page

Some news stories about TAPoR

* The UK Data Archive at the University of Sussex has officially launched Qualidata, "a national service for the acquisition, dissemination and re-use of social sciences qualitative research data".  The site has been online in a beta form since October 2000 while building its collection of datasets.
(Thanks to the Manchester Metropolitan University Library.)

* The LATINO Project from Mexico's Colima University now hosts 114 free online bibliographic databases from libraries in Spain and 14 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean.  The project is funded by UNESCO.
(Thanks to Gary Price's VASND.)

* The Resource Discovery Network (RDN) has just launched a set of online tutorials to help internet users in different academic fields hone their skills at finding and evaluating information.  (PS:  It's more work to have separate tutorials for separate fields, but this is the right approach.  Discovery and evaluation are both, for different reasons, discipline-specific.)

* Planet Publish is a new web site for electronic publishing professionals.  By focusing on the technology of epublishing, it is equally relevant to commercial and non-commercial epublishers.  The site includes news, reviews, a discussion forum, and a compendium of tools organized by type.

* The ALA Office for Information Technology Policy is running an email tutorial on Licensing Essentials for Library Professionals.  It will be taught by Lesley Ellen Harris.

Lesley Ellen Harris and her work on copyright law

* A report on the January 20 NISO/BISG conference on Archiving Electronic Publications is now online at the NISO web site.  The report includes links to the major presentations at the conference.

* Users of the Open eBook Publication Structure now have their own discussion forum.
(Thanks to Planet eBook.)

* The Dvorak Game Company has a new online game:  The Copyright Fight Deck.  "The first player to control 70% of Humanity's written works wins the game."  The full deck of cards is on display at the web site, where you can also print them for playing.  There are cards on copyright, copyleft, lawyers, national security, book burning, Sonny Bono, and many others.
(Thanks to LIS News.)


Share your thoughts

* The EU's Community Research and Development Information Service (CORDIS) provides free online access to EU-funded research.  It oversees FP5 and its many FOS and FOS-related programs.  CORDIS is looking for experts to evaluate proposals.  If you're willing to serve, fill out this web form.
(Thanks to El.pub Weekly.)

* A research team at Oxford's Programme in Comparative Media Law and Policy is collecting self-imposed Codes of Conduct used by any kind organization for the regulation of online information.  The codes could concern copyright, access, censorship, deletion, hate speech, filtering, or other topics.  If your organization uses a code of self-regulation, register it with the researchers through this web form.

* NSF and JISC are jointly funding a series of partnerships between US and UK institutions to develop digital resources for the classroom.  The project will fund about four partnerships for three years at about £500,000 per team per year.  If your institution would like to participate and needs a partner, fill out the project's web form.

* Rory Litwin writes the Library Juice newsletter and owns the libr.org domain name.  He is offering space on his server to "small organizations of librarians who are working in [the] struggle to defend the social good".  If your group needs space, contact Rory.


In other publications

* In a February 10 story in the _San Francisco Chronicle_, Tanya Schevitz writes about the downside of online research, especially by students:  plagiarism, neglect of older sources, an attitude that what isn't free online isn't worth reading, and indifference to the distinction between peer-reviewed literature and self-publishing.  She even knows about the death of Ellen Roche at Johns Hopkins (see FOSN for 8/23/01).  She quotes Stanford chemist Barry Trost, who says that online journals are most useful when you know precisely what you want and search for it.  Print journals are best for interdisciplinary topics where it's important to put yourself in the right vicinity for serendipity and read what catches your eye.  (PS:  Trost is right that there's a difference, but the difference is not large.  He underestimates the power of hyperlinks to produce serendipity.)
(Thanks to LIS News.)

* In a February 7 story, Reuters reports that book publishers are finding that free online chapters help sell books.  Amazon's "Look Inside" program, which offers free online sample pages and chapters of a growing number of books (FOSN 10/19/01) is only one example of the trend.  (PS:  This is a good trend, but how far will publishers generalize from the evidence of sales benefits?  Will publishers admit that fair use is in their interest, and not just in the interest of readers?  Will they go as far as the National Academies Press, which provides free online access to the full text of every book it publishes?)
(From LIS News.)

* In the February 5 _Boston Globe_ Robert Weisman interviews Google CEO Eric Schmidt.  Schmidt says that Google's future is to search all the world's information.  "It's not all the world's information currently available on the Web, it's all of the world's information."  You might think that this requires putting all the world's information online free of charge.  But not quite.  "Maybe you'd have to pay for it in some way, we haven't figured it out yet."  Of course an archive could license its contents to Google, which would in turn charge users to search it.  But remember that "maybe".
(Thanks to Gary Price's VASND.)

* In a February 5 story in the _BBC News_, Alfred Hermida reports an interesting turning of the tables in Sri Lanka, where computers and internet access are scarce.  Instead of listening to the radio on the web, Sri Lankans listen to the web on the radio.  For an hour every day, Sri Lankan radio announcers read web pages on the air.  Radio staff and volunteer experts (including physicians) find clear and reliable pages on topics suggested by listeners.
(From LIS News.)

* In the February 5 _Planet eBook_, Sam Vaknin gives a useful overview of DOI's, including multiple resolution, the new DOI-EB (ebook) standard, and their implications for DRM technology and ecommerce.

* In a January 29 posting to arXiv, Carl Lagoze and 14 co-authors describe the core components of the NSDL architecture, focusing on how the architecture supports multiple layers of interoperability (see FOSN for 1/23/02).  In a January 30 posting, David Fulker and Greg Janée describe the technical scope and functional model of the NSDL architecture.  NSDL is the National SMETE Digital Library (SMETE = Science, Mathematics, Engineering and Technology Education), a very large free online archive of science now under construction by the NSF.
http://arxiv.org/abs/cs.DL/0201025 (Lagoze et al.)
http://www.arxiv.org/abs/cs.DL/0201027 (Fulker and Janée)
(Thanks to the Scout Report.)

* The December/January issue of _Against the Grain_ is devoted to ebooks.  Only the table of contents is free online.

* In a recent article in _The Craft_, William Bostock argues that electronic journals will have a more significant role in academic life when they can overcome concerns about their quality, visibility, and continuity (persistence).

* In a recent article in _The Craft_, Timothy McGettigan argues that it is author inertia, not journal inadequacy, that keeps more scholars from submitting their articles to electronic journals.  One lesson he draws is that the FOS movement is better off recruiting young scholars who understand the advantages of open access and stop wasting energy trying to convert those who resist, "especially those well-situated within the print publishing hierarchy".


Following up

* Edward Felten and the EFF have decided not to appeal the dismissal of their case by the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals.  As a result, no court is now considering whether the portions of the DMCA that apparently prohibit Felten from publishing his research on copy protection violate the First Amendment.  Felten's decision in based on assurances from the recording industry, the federal government, and the federal court that the DMCA does not apply to scientists who study encryption and security.  The Justice Department has said in writing that scientists who study circumvention technologies, and publish their results, are not violating the DMCA anti-circumvention clause and will not be prosecuted.

* In FOSN for 1/23/02, I wrote about a two-tiered approach to the ban on hate speech proposed for adoption by the Council of Europe.  Because it is aimed at cross-border communications on the internet, and because the two-tiers appeal to countries whose free speech rules do not allow the direct prohibition of hate speech, it is an insidious threat to online communications that might offend.  Now the Computer & Commications Industry Association (CCIA) has told Colin Powell and John Ashcroft the same thing, and urged them to keep this new protocol from undermining free speech by Americans.
(Thanks to GigaLaw.)

Also see this open letter to the Council of Europe from 32 civil liberties organizations including the ACLU, EFF, and Human Rights Watch.  The letter asks the Council to release the latest draft of the protocol for public discussion.

* The Hague Convention on Jurisdiction and the Enforcement of Judgments would require participating nations to enforce one another's legal judgments (see FOSN for 7/3/01, 7/10/01).  The purpose is to let copyright enforcement catch up with the border-crossing internet.  But one effect will be to let countries enforce their censorship judgments abroad as well.  The negotiating conference has just posted three RTF documents to the web to bring observers up to date on the state of the drafting process.
(Thanks to BNA's Internet Law News.)

* One reason Dmitry Sklyarov wrote his infamous software to bypass copy protection on Adobe ebooks was to allow consumers to make personal back-ups.  (There were other reasons.)  Now it turns out that the Adobe eBook Reader has a back-up feature that not only creates back-ups but also allows them to be restored to a different computer.  Here are the instructions.

* If you're interested in how the Russian press has covered the Elcomsoft/Sklyarov case, see this article from the _Moscow Times_, reprinted at _PlanetPDF_.

* British Telephone is still in court trying to enforce its patent on the hyperlink (see FOSN for 12/5/01).  BT has started by suing Prodigy, the oldest U.S. ISP.  If BT wins, it will sue other ISPs for a portion of the revenue "they have enjoyed through the use of that intellectual property".  The patent would be invalid if anyone can produce "prior art" showing the same technology in use before BT hit upon the idea in the 1970s (and received its patent in 1989).  An army of patent-hating internet activists have systematically searched for prior art and come up with some plausible contenders, including a 1968 film of Douglas Engelbart demonstrating what seems to be a hyperlink.  In Monday's hearing, the judges were very skeptical of BT's claim.

* IP-tracking software can identify the nation, and sometimes the city, of most web users.  I argued in FOSN for 11/16/01 that as it improved, this software would reduce technical and political barriers to cross-border censorship.  For example, France could ask Yahoo to identify which visitors to certain Yahoo auctions were from France and block those pages to those visitors.  One hope for free surfing is anonymizing software like JunkBusters or ZeroKnowledge.  Until now, another was joining a huge multi-national ISP like AOL, which showed all users to be from Virginia.  Now Quova's GeoPoint and DigitalEnvoy's NetActuity can identify the nation of AOL users.  Moreover, they can tell when users are using anonymizing software, even if can't identify their global location, but this is enough for some providers to block access.  One implication for scholarship:  it's getting easier for China to "protect" Chinese readers from histories of Tiananman Square, and for any nation to control what its citizens can see even on pages served from other nations.  Of course the censoring nation has to get the cooperation of the hosting nation.  But hosting nations can no longer say that compliance is technically impossible.  So the decision will turn on policy, not technology.  In many nations, deference to the sovereignty of other nations is a stronger policy than the freedom to put content on the internet that might offend others.

* In the discussion forum this week, there are threads on the Derk Haank interview in _Information Today_ and my interpretation of it, and on the use of copyleft in science.

FOS discussion forum
(Anyone may read; only subscribers may post; subscription is free.)


Catching up (old news I should have discovered earlier)

* In my round-up of reviews of the news of 2001, I overlooked M.J. Rose's review of the ebook news of 2001.



If you plan to attend one of the following conferences, please share your observations with us through our discussion forum.

* Society for Scholarly Publishing, Top Management Roundtable.  Successful Publishing in the Global Environment.
Washington, D.C., February 13-14

* ICSTI Seminar on Digital Preservation of the Record of Science
Paris, February 14-15

* Conference on Intelligent Text Processing and Computational Linguistics
Mexico City, February 17-23

* Wissensmanagement im universitären Bereich
February 19-20

* Symposium on Foundations of Information and Knowledge Systems
Schloß Salzau, February 19-23

* Digital Libraries and Copyright
Lansing, Michigan, February 20

* Fifth International Publishers Association Copyright Conference
Accra, Ghana, February 20-22

* Integrating @ Internet Speed:  Strategies for the Content Community [conference on reference linking]
Philadelphia, February 24-27

* Getting your message across:  How learned societies and other organizations can influence public and government opinion
London, February 25

* Electronic Journals --Solutions in Sight?
London, February 25-26

* [Public lecture], Will Thomas and Ed Ayers, "The Next Generation of Digital Scholarship:  An Experiment in Form
Washington, D.C., February 27

* Meeting of the Digital Preservation Coalition
London, February 27

* A Symposium on the Research Value of Printed Materials in the Digital Age
College Park, Maryland, March 1

* International Spring School on the Digital Library and E-publishing for Science and Technology
Geneva, March 3-8

* Search Engine Strategies
Boston, March 4-5

* Redefining [Digital] Preservation (ARL and the University of Michigan)
Ann Arbor, Michigan, March 7-8

* Towards an Information Society for All
Berlin, March 8-9

* 17th ACM Symposium on Applied Computing.  Special tracks on Database and Digital Library Technologies; Electronic Books for Teaching and Learning; and Information Access and Retrieval
Madrid, March 10-14

* Digitization for Cultural Heritage Professionals:  An Intensive Program
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, March 10-15

* EUSDIC Spring Meeting.  E-Content:  Divide or Rule
Paris, March 11-12

* Knowledge Technologies Conference 2002
Seattle, March 11-13

* Computers in Libraries 2002
Washington D.C., March 13-15

* International Conference on the Statistical Analysis of Textual Data
St. Malo, March 13-15

* The Electronic Publishers Coalition (EPC) conference on ebooks and epublishing (obscurely titled, Electronically Published Internet Connection, or EPIC)
Seattle, March 14-16

* Digital Resources and International Information Exchange:  East-West
March 15 (Washington DC), 18 (Flushing NY), 20 (Stamford CT)

* Internet Librarian International 2002
London, March 18-20

* The New Information Order and the Future of the Archive
Edinburgh, March 20-23

* Institute of Mueum and Library Services.  Building Digital Communities
Baltimore, March 20-22

* Advanced Licensing Workshop
Dallas, March 20-22

* Electronic Publishing Strategy
London, March 22

* OCLC Institute. Steering by Standards.  (A series of satellite videoconferences.)
Cyberspace.  OAI, March 26.  OAIS, April 19.  Metadata standards in the future, May 29.

* WebSearch University
San Francisco, March 25-26; Stamford CT, April 30 - May 1; Washington DC, September 23-24; Chicago, Octeober 22-23; Dallas, November 19-20.

* European Colloquium on Information Retrieval Research
Glasgow, March 25-27

* e-Content:  Discovering and Delivering Value
Toronto, March 25-27

* New Developments in Digital Libraries
Ciudad Real, Spain, April 2-3

* The New Information Order and the Future of the Archive
Edinburgh, March 20-23

* Copyright Management in Higher Education:  Ownership, Access and Control
Adelphi, Maryland, April 4-5

* Global Knowledge Partnership Annual Meeting
Addis Ababa, April 4-5

* International Conference on Information Technology: Coding and Computing
Las Vegas, April 8-10

* NetLab and Friends:  10 Years of Digital Library Development
Lund, April 10-12

* E-Content 2002 (on ebooks)
London, April 11

* International Learned Journals Seminar:  We Can't Go On Like This:  The Future of Journals
London, April 12

* SIAM International Conference on Data Mining
Arlington, Virginia, April 11-13

* Creating access to information:  EBLIDA workshop on getting a better deal from your information licences
The Hague, April 12

* Licensing Electronic Resources to Libraries
Philadelphia, April 15

* United Kingdom Serials Group Annual Conference and Exhibition
University of Warwick, April 15- 17

* Conference on Computers, Freedom, and Privacy
San Francisco, April 16-19

* EDUCAUSE Networking 2002
Washington, D.C., April 17-18

* Museums and the Web 2002
Boston, April 17-20

* Information, Knowledges and Society: Challenges of A New Era
Havana, April 22-26

* The European Library:  The Gate to Europe's Knowledge:  Milestone Conference
Frankfurt am Main, April 29-30


The Free Online Scholarship Newsletter is supported by a grant from the Open Society Institute.


This is the Free Online Scholarship Newsletter (ISSN 1535-7848).

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Peter Suber

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