Open Access: Sonkhipto porichiti
by Peter Suber

Obarito amontron ("Open Access" ba "OA") tothyaboli hochchhe "digital" ba boidyutin, sorboda sonjukto ("online"), binamulye upolobdho ebong beshirbhag sottadhikar ebong licence-er theke mukto. Eta sombhob hoy Internet ebong lekhok ba sottadhikarir onumoti thakle.

Beshirbhag khetrei bidogdho potrikagulo lekhokder kono poysa deyna, tai tara onayasei OA-r onumoti dite paren. Edik theke dekhte gele, pondit ebong bigyanira songitsebi ba cholochchitror sathe jorito kolkarder theke alada tai gan-bajna ba chhayachhobir moto bitorko sahityo ba boigyanik probondhe lagu hoyna.

OA-teo sompurno "peer review" ba bidogdho somalochona kora sombhob ebong boroboro OA udyog gulo boigyanik o sahityik utkorsher opor bishesh jor den. Thik jemon lekhokera tader shrom dan koren, seibhabei beshirbhag potrika sompadok ebong bisheshoggorao ei procheshta bina parisromikei kore thaken.

OA sahityo utpadon kintu binamulye sombhob noy, jodio chhapa potrikar cheye khorcha onek kom pore. Proshnota "nahom vidya bikroyom korishyami" noy, borong kibhabe khorchata othano jai pathokder opore aarthik bojha na chapiye kimba okhane probesher badha shrishti na kore. Kibhabe OA obdhi pounchhono jabe tar opor nirbhor kore khorcha tolar "banijyo model".

Muloto durokom bhabe OA dewa jete pare: OA journal (potrika) ebong OA archive/repository (songrohoshala).

  • OA songrohoshala: ekhane "peer review" hoyna, kintu jai thak ekhane, jekeu binamulye porte paren. Er modhye osomalochito pandulipi ba somalochito probondho ba dutoi thakte pare. Erokom songrohoshala thake prodhanoto boro songstha, jemon bishwobidyaloy ba gobeshonagare, ebong bishoybhittik, jemon, podarthobidya ba orthoniti. Lekhokera tader pandulipi karo onumoti chharai rakhte paren ekhane, ebong ekhon beshirbhag potrikai lekhokder chhapa probondho-o rakhte dichchhe. Jesob songrohoshala "Open Archives Initiative (OAI)"-er "Metadata harvesting protocol" ba tothyo khonon-er niyomaboli palon kore, tara nijeder modhye kotha bolte pare ebong jekono byaboharkarii ja khunjchhen ta peye jaben eta na jenei je probondhota thik kon songrohoshalar modhye chhilo. Ekhon "Open-source software" orthat binamulyer software pawa jai OAI-manyo songrohoshala toiri kora ebong chalanor jonye, karon sara prithibir lok ekhon eta khub beshi kore byabohar korte chaichhen. Ekta songrohoshala toiri korte gele khorcha khubi samanyo: kichhuta jayga chai "server"-e aar karigorer jonye kichhuta somoy.

  • OA potrika: ekhane "peer review" hobar pore probondhogulo binamulye upolobdho hoy. Ekhane khorcha lage peer review, pandulipi toiri ebong server-er jaygar. OA potrikara khorcha othay radio TVr moto: jara oi probondhor theke upokrito hobe, sei companyra ei khorchagulo puro kore den, phole pathokder kono poysa dite hoyna. Kono somoye eta sombhob hoy jodi potrikagulo kono bishwobidyaloy ba peshagoto songothoner theke bhortuki pay. Kokhono abar potrikagulo kichhu poysa chay lekhok (ba lekhoker protisthan ba bairer ortho onudankari songsthar) theke. Je sob lekhokera ekdomi poysa dite parenna, sei sob khetre OA potrikara ota mokub kore dey sadharonoto. Je sob OA potrikara kono protisthaner theke bhortuki pay, tara sochorachor kono poysa neyna. Kichhu khetre OA potrikara kom poysa niyeo chalate pare jodi tader onyo rojgar thake, jemon: onyanyo chhapa boi ba potrika, biggapon, poysa niye kichhu otirikto seba, anusongik seba. Kichhu protisthan aar songothon kichhu chhar dey. Kono kono OA potrika, je protisthaner batsorik chanda dewa achhe, sekhankar sob gobeshokder lekha binamulye chhepe dey. Jodi karo kolponashokti urbor hoy, aaro nanarokom bhabe khorcha othanor rasta bar korte paren - sobe to kolir sondhe!

Aaro beshi jante hole, tar sathe aaro links shuddhu, ei lekhata ekhane dekhte paren:
http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/overview.htm.

Translated into Bangla by Dr. S. N. Sarbadhikari.


English original, December 29, 2004. Bangla translation, July 7, 2005.

Also see this translation in the Bangla font.

Peter Suber
Open Access Project Director, Public Knowledge
Research Professor of Philosophy, Earlham College
Senior Researcher, SPARC
peters@earlham.edu

This is an open-access document.