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University of Kansas, KU becomes first U.S. public university to pass an open access policy, press release, June 26, 2009. (Thanks to A. Townsend Peterson.)
Via email: The policy was approved by the Faculty Senate on April 30, 2009; by the Provost on May 19; and by the Chancellor on May 22. From the text of the policy:
... Each faculty member grants to KU permission to make scholarly articles to which he or she made substantial intellectual contributions publicly available in the KU open access institutional repository, and to exercise the copyright in those articles. In legal terms, the permission granted by each faculty member is a nonexclusive, irrevocable, paid-up, worldwide license to exercise any and all rights under copyright relating to each of his or her scholarly articles, in any medium, and to authorize others to do the same, provided that the articles are not sold for a profit. This license in no way interferes with the rights of the KU faculty author as the copyright holder of the work. The policy will apply to all scholarly articles authored or co-authored while a faculty member of KU. Faculty will be afforded an opt out opportunity. Faculty governance in consultation with the Provost's office will develop the details of the policy which will be submitted for approval by the Faculty Senate.
Comment. The university's press release is a bit misleading. Both the University of Oregon and Oregon State University, which are public universities, have departmental mandates. But KU is the first university-wide institutional mandate of any American public university, and only the second of any American university, after MIT.
I haven't found a final version of the policy text online. But an earlier draft of the policy contains several features missing from the version I received by email, most notably a deposit mandate. The version I received authorizes the university to provide OA to faculty articles (with an opt-out), but doesn't state that faculty will be required to deposit a copy. (The press release says that authors will be "asked" to deposit.)
Peter Eckersley, Finding a fair price for free knowledge, New Scientist, June 24, 2009. (Thanks to Garrett Eastman.)
Vincent S. Smith, Data publication: towards a database of everything, BMC Research Notes, June 24, 2009. (Thanks to Garrett Eastman.) Abstract:
The fabric of science is changing, driven by a revolution in digital technologies that facilitate the acquisition and communication of massive amounts of data. This is changing the nature of collaboration and expanding opportunities to participate in science. If digital technologies are the engine of this revolution, digital data are its fuel. But for many scientific disciplines, this fuel is in short supply. The publication of primary data is not a universal or mandatory part of science, and despite policies and proclamations to the contrary, calls to make data publicly available have largely gone unheeded. In this short essay I consider why, and explore some of the challenges that lie ahead, as we work toward a database of everything.
A video of James Boyle's presentation on his book, The Public Domain: Enclosing the Commons of the Mind, at the Royal Society for the encouragement of Arts, Manufactures & Commerce (London, March 10, 2009) is now available. (Thanks to Michel Bauwens.)
Nick Shockey, Students join access debate, Research Information, June 25, 2009.
Hindawi's Impact Factors Increase by 27%, press release, June 23, 2009.
The Federal Research Public Access Act (FRPAA), an OA mandate for research funded by the U.S. federal government, was introduced yesterday by Sens. Joe Lieberman and John Cornyn. What's new since our last post:
Senator John Cornyn, Sens. Cornyn & Lieberman Team Up To Increase Public Access To Taxpayer Funded Research, press release, June 25, 2009.
See also the press release by the Alliance for Taxpayer Access:
Comment. This is big. FRPAA would open a massive amount of research, expanding the NIH policy to most agencies across the government. The six-month embargo is shorter than the NIH policy and closer to most other funder policies.
I can't find the bill number or text online yet, but we'll post it here on OAN when it's available.
The environment for FRPAA should be even more positive than during its first iteration. In addition to the growth of OA generally:
Importantly, the first iteration of FRPAA inspired a wave of support that drew many into the OA movement for the first (including myself). Look for renewed interest in OA around the U.S.
See also our past posts on FRPAA.
Wilfrid Laurier University, Laurier launches open-access archive to enhance availability of research, press release, June 25, 2009.
See also the announcement by Open Repository.
The Université de Genève adopted an OA policy, which took effect on June 1, 2009. A directive (in French) detailing the policy was approved on May 18, 2009 by the university's Rectorat. The university's IR also has a page on its policies, including in English. (Thanks to Stevan Harnad.)
Comment. My French isn't great and I haven't found an English translation of the directive. To my (potentially incorrect) understanding, the policy applies to articles as well as books, book chapters, and doctoral dissertations. Deposit is required, but the author can choose to restrict access to the full text to the university Intranet or completely; temporary embargoes are also an option. The directive refers to these options as a "choice" which is the "author's responsibility", rather than as a waiver or exception from OA.
If you have more information in English, please let me know.
Stuart Shieber, Institute of Education Sciences has an open access policy, The Occasional Pamphlet, June 24, 2009.
Comment. My title for this post is perhaps too timid. The question seems to be not whether the Institute has an OA policy, but when and how it was adopted and how it will be implemented.
Open NYSenate is a recently-launched site from the New York State Senate, offering open data and APIs for Senate information.
Gerry McKiernan has posted his slides from a slate of recent presentations, on topics including OA.
The task force's purview includes "increasing the openness of government through making public sector information more widely available to promote transparency, innovation and value adding". In addition to recommendations, the task force also has a $2.45 million AUD fund to disburse to new projects. Among the task force's members, notably, are:
Comment. Pardon the pun in this post's title. (Peter leaves me in charge for a week and I start to run wild!)
Michael Geist has presented his recommendations on openness to a conference hosted by Canada's Minister of Industry Tony Clement on June 22.
See also our past post on Geist's recommendations.
Robert McCrum, Give 'em something for nothing and make your fortune, The Observer, June 21, 2009. A review of Chris Anderson's Free: The Past and Future of a Radical Price.
See also our past posts on Anderson's Free.
Antonella De Robbio and Michael Katzmayr, The management of an international open access repository: the case of E-LIS, GMS Medizin – Bibliothek – Information, June 16, 2009. In English with German abstract. Abstract:
E-LIS is the largest open access repository in the field of library and information science and is maintained voluntarily by an international team of librarians and information professionals. As from April 2009, it contains at about 9000 full text documents in 37 languages from more than 5600 authors from 90 countries. Additionally to the provision of services to authors and associations in the field, the management of policy issues is crucial for the repository administration. Thus E-LIS has, inter alia, completed a policy audit and intends to formulate and communicate its policies in a standardized way.
Lista Latinoamericana sobre Acceso Abierto y Repositorios is a new mailing list on OA and repositories in Latin America. (Thanks to librecultura.)
Editorial Flamboyant, a start-up publisher in Spain, is releasing a collection of English-language children's stories translated into Spanish and Catalan. The illustrations are reprinted from public domain editions collected in the Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature, which are available OA via the University of Florida Digital Collections. See blog posts by the UF Digital Library Center or by Editorial Flamboyant (Google translation).
The presentations from CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication (Geneva, June 17-19, 2009) are now online.
See also Imma Subirats Coll, et al., The International Effort Towards the Creation of an International Repository for Library and Information Science: Breaking Barriers in the Access to Scientific Research, from the same conference but not yet available from the conference site.
Dennis G. Jerz, Open Source, Open Access, and Commons-Based Peer Production: Creating a Sustainable University Culture -- Computers and Writing 2009, Jerz's Literacy Weblog, June 20, 2009. Notes on a session at Computers and Writing 2009 (Davis, Calif., June 18-21, 2009).
The June 2009 issue of the Igitur Newsletter is now available. See especially:
Shu-Kun Lin, Full Open Access Journals Have Increased Impact Factors, editorial, Molecules, June 22, 2009. (Thanks to Dietrich Rordorf.)
Reports from the Association of American University Presses annual meeting (Philadelphia, June 18-21, 2009):
Scott Jaschik, Change or Die?, Inside Higher Ed, June 22, 2009.
Jennifer Howard, Scholarly Presses Discuss What It Takes to Survive, Chronicle of Higher Education, June 22, 2009. Access restricted to subscribers.
Amy Kohrman, Momentum grows for long-term preservation strategy of digital content, Letter of the LAA, Spring 2009. The article is on page 10 of the PDF.
See also our past posts on CLOCKSS.
Jörg Tauss, a member of Germany's Bundestag, resigned his membership in the Social Democratic Party and joined the Pirate Party on June 20. See English coverage by the AP, The Local, or TorrentFreak. (Thanks to Matthias Spielkamp.)
Tauss left the SPD due to disagreement with its approach to Internet censorship. Tauss, who is under investigation for possession of child pornography, has said he will not seek re-election.
See also our past posts on the Pirate Party.
I'll be on the road all this week (Mon-Sat, June 22-27) with few opportunities for blogging or email. But Gavin will be on the job and I'll start to catch up on Sunday.
Niha S. Jain, Ed School Faculty Endorse Open Access, Harvard Crimson, June 20, 2009. Excerpt: