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Stevan Harnad, The Argument Against (Premature) Gold OA Support, Open Access Archivangelism, June 12, 2009. This is a relatively short excerpt from a long post. Those following the debate should read the whole thing. Excerpt:
Update (6/15/09). Also see (1) Stevan's discussion with David Prosser on this point, (2) his clarification on Michael Smith's blog, and (3) his new post arguing that "it is far more productive (of OA) for universities and funders to mandate Green OA than to fund Gold OA."
Update (6/20/09). Also see Bill Hooker's comments on both Stevan Harnad's and Stuart Shieber's contributions in this debate.
Bonnie Swoger, Scholarly Communication 101, The Undergraduate Science Librarian, June 5, 2009.
The presentations from Integración de contenidos digitales a través de redes académicas avanzadas (Bogotá, June 4-5, 2009) are now online.
See also the related slides.
See also our past posts on O'Leary's research.
Lionel Maurel, Bibliothèques numériques et mentions légales : un aperçu des pratiques en France, :: S.I.Lex ::, June 5, 2009. Read it in the original French or Google's English.
Notes on Numériser les œuvres du domaine public, et après ? Diffusion, réutilisation, exploitation : des objectifs contradictoires ? (Paris, June 4, 2009).
The theme of the latest issue of AIDAinformazioni is Open Access in Italia. (Thanks to Fabrizio Tinti.) Each article has an English abstract.
Richard Poynder, The world’s first Open Access Mandate? Open and Shut? June 12, 2009. Excerpt:
Comments. Many thanks to Richard and Jens for digging this up. I'm very much interested in the prehistory of OA myself, especially Richard's question #3. Here are a couple of other early episodes from my files.
Update (6/29/09). Here's another early (1965) example. On July 28, 1965, the US Office of Education published the following policy statement in the Federal Register:
Thanks to Jonathan Miller for digging this up. For more detail, see his article, “Publishers did not take the bait”: A Forgotten Precursor to the NIH Public Access Policy, a preprint forthcoming in the Spring 2009 issue of College & Research Libraries.
The US Office of Education was the predecessor to the current US Department of Education. The USOE approach --putting publicly-funded research into the public domain-- was tried again in June 2003 by Martin Sabo in the Public Access to Science Act. For more detail, and a critique of this approach, see my July 2003 article on the Sabo bill.
Michael B. Farrell, Schwarzenegger's push for digital textbooks, Christian Science Monitor, June 11, 2009.
See also our past post on the California initiative.
Tom Scheinfeldt, Omeka 1.0 Drops Today, Omeka, June 2, 2009. (Thanks to Charles Bailey.)
Kate Maternowski, Who Profits From For-Profit Journals? Inside Higher Ed, June 12, 2009. Excerpt:
Comment. I welcome the support for OA journals. However, the discussion is oddly unbalanced. If we conceive the problem as alienated labor in the academy and working for for-profit corporations, then it's understandable that the solution will include systematic efforts to submit new work to journals from other kinds of publishers. But if we conceive the problem as access barriers to new research, when researchers did not write it for money and benefit from circulating it as widely as possible, then the solution will be peer-reviewed OA --with much less concern for the precise corporate or profit status of the provider. I encourage members of the AAUP to widen their vision to all forms of OA provider, including for-profit OA publishers like BioMed Central and Medknow, as well as to all forms of OA itself, including green OA (deposit in OA repositories), not just gold OA (submission to OA journals).
Kathleen Shearer, Open Access at Concordia University: A Report for the Office of Research, March 27, 2009. Excerpt:
Comment. This is an excellent set of recommendations, effectively packaged with a supporting argument and OA policies from other institutions. Here's hoping that the Concordia faculty and administration will read it with care.
Barbara Fister, On the Same Page: Ten University Presses Support Open Access, Library Journal, June 11, 2009. This excerpt picks up after Barbara quotes the statement in support of OA from 10 North American university presses, and my comments on it:
Bob Grant, Editors quit after fake paper flap, The Scientist, June 11, 2009. Excerpt:
Rufus Pollock, Estimating Information Production and the Size of the Public Domain, miscellaneous factZ, June 9, 2009.
See also our past post on Pollock's related work on automated identification of copyright status.
Dale Peters, DRIVER: Building a sustainable repository infrastructure to support national and international scholarly communication, presented at Deutscher Bibliothekartag (Erfurt, Germany, June 2-5, 2009). Abstract:
This paper presents some of the challenges of the DRIVER II project, which aims to internationalise the DRIVER Information Space in three ways: in building an international DRIVER Community / Confederation; in growing Open Access content to address the challenge of innovative scholarly research and communications; and in the deployment and replication the robust e-Infrastructure and services developed by DRIVER.
York University Libraries have institutional memberships for many journals, YFile, June 9, 2009.
... York University Libraries have institutional memberships for BioMed Central (BMC), publisher of 186 peer-reviewed open access journals, and Public Library of Science (PLoS) journals. The memberships cover author fees for publication in BMC journals and a 10-per-cent discount for PLoS submissions. ...
Institute of Museum and Library Services, IMLS Grants Highlighted at Open Repositories Conference, press release, June 8, 2009.
Stevan Harnad has circulated this announcement to several lists:
PS: I second the motion, and hope that every research institution will mandate OA for ETDs as well for the peer-reviewed research articles of the faculty.
David Meyer, PM calls on Berners-Lee in open-government drive, ZDNet UK, June 10, 2009. Excerpt:
From today's announcement:
Dorothea Salo, “Keeping copyright”, Caveat Lector, June 9, 2009.
Seven more journals have been approved to join Revues.org, bringing the total number of journals on Revues.org over 200. As with all journals on Revues.org, the recently-joined journals will be OA or delayed OA.
Robert Kiley, American Society of Hemtaology implements Wellcome-compliant author pays option, UK PubMed Central Blog, June 10, 2009.
European History Primary Sources is a new OA index of "scholarly websites that offer on-line access to primary sources on the history of Europe", sponsored by the European University Institute. (Thanks to Klaus Graf.)
According to the site, "Most of the listed websites can be accessed for free, though sometimes a registration is required."
Christian Zimmermann, RePEc in May 2009, The RePEc Blog, June 6, 2009
David Dooling, Double standard, PolITiGenomics, June 5, 2009. (Thanks to Daniel MacArthur.)
The Bulletin of Mathematical Analysis and Applications is a new OA journal. The inaugural issue is now available. (Thanks to Marcus Zillman.)
Kevin Davies, Got PubMed? Pubget Searches and Delivers Scientific PDFs, Bio-IT World, June 10, 2009.
Peter Jerram, Announcing the first PLoS Progress Report, Public Library of Science, June 8, 2009.
Heather Morrison, Two OA chapters of Scholarly Communication for Librarians (in press), The Imaginary Journal of Poetic Economics, June 7, 2009.
Stuart Shieber, The argument for gold OA support, The Occasional Pamphlet, June 11, 2009. Excerpt:
Update (6/20/09). Also see Bill Hooker's comments on both Stevan Harnad's and Stuart Shieber's contributions in this debate.
Creative repositories for the arts, EPrints News, June 2, 2009.
Michael Sniffen, First Freedom of Information ombudsman appointed, Associated Press, June 10, 2009. Excerpt:
Comment. I got to know Miriam when she was legislative counsel for the ALA and an active and effective member of the Open Access Working Group. See for example her defense of the proposed OA mandate in the CURES Act of 2005. She's a superb choice to carry out the presumption in favor of disclosure that President Obama announced in his memo on the FOIA his first full day in office. (Congratulations, Miriam!)
Sanford Thatcher, From the University Presses — The Hidden Digital Revolution in Scholarly Publishing: POD, SRDP, the “Long Tail,” and Open Access, Against the Grain, April 2009. Excerpt:
Three French associations have issued a call for a national policy on scientific and technical information. The associations are COUPERIN (Consortium Universitaire des Publications Numériques), ADBU (Association des directeurs et des personnels de direction des bibliothèques universitaires et de la documentation), and AURA (Association du réseau des établissements utilisateurs de l'ABES); see also comments by COUPERIN. The document calls for:
The importance of data sharing within the Global Earth Observation System of Systems- CODATA speaks to José Achache, Director Geo Secretariat, CODATA Newsletter Special Issue, May 2009.
See also our past posts on GEOSS.
A new Lithuanian law on science requires online access for publicly-funded research. It was adopted by parliament on April 30 and took effect on May 12. Read the new law in Lithuanian or Google's English.
Thanks to Emilija Banionyte and Rima Kupryte for hand-translating the section on research access:
Update (6/12/09). Emilija Banionyte tells me that in Lithuanian "to make public" suggests "free of charge" more often than not. However, the term doesn't always carry that implication and it's still too early to tell how lawyers and judges will interpret it.
SPARC, National student organizations call for Open Access to research, press release, June 10, 2009.
From the statement's call to action:
Disclosure. I have been a paid consultant for my work supporting this project.
Dan Cull, The Open Access Apocalypse, Dan Cull Weblog, June 10, 2009. Excerpt:
John Houghton, Jos de Jonge, Marcia van Oploo, Costs and Benefits of Research Communication: The Dutch Situation, May 29, 2009. A major new report sponsored by the Dutch SURFfoundation. From the summary:
Also see today's press release:
Also see our past posts on Houghton's research on the economic impact of OA, including criticism from TA publishers and Houghton's responses.
Philip Davis, Open Access Publisher Accepts Nonsense Manuscript for Dollars, Scholarly Kitchen, June 10, 2009. Excerpt:
Also see Kent Anderson's follow-up post in the same blog:
Update. Also see Bob Grant's article in The Scientist. One new nugget:
Update. Also see Paul Basken's article on the Chronicle of Higher Education News Blog. The comment section is starting to grow.
Update. Tom Wilson argues that the Bentham scandal is another reason to prefer no-fee OA journals.
Update (6/11/09). Peter Aldhous in New Scientist reviews similar hoaxes in which journals or conferences were caught accepting outright nonsense. He also got an official response from Bentham:
Update (6/11/09). Also see Norman Oder's article in Library Journal.
Update (6/11/09). The Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA) points out several ways in which practices at Bentham Science appear to fall short of the association's code of conduct, and that Bentham is not a member of OASPA.
Update (6/11/09). According to Bob Grant in The Scientist, the editor of the journal accepting the computer-generated nonsense paper, Bambang Parmanto, an information scientist at the U of Pittsburgh, has resigned.
Update (6/13/09). Dorothea Salo wants universities with OA journal funds to refuse to pay publication fees charged by Bentham-like publishers, and wants librarians to help identify the Bentham-like publishers.
Update (6/15/09). Also see Natasha Gilbert's article in Nature News. Bentham is standing by the story that it knew the paper was a hoax and pretended to accept it in order to learn the authors' true identities.
The April 2009 issue of Ariadne is now online. See especially:
Open Access Growing Steadily, But Powerful Gatekeepers Remain, CAUT Bulletin, June 2009.
The IRDB Contents Analysis System, a database of Japanese IRs, was updated on June 2, 2009. (Thanks to Charles Bailey.)
Elections for European Parliament were held on June 4-7. One result is that Sweden's Pirate Party -- a supporter of OA -- gained its first seat. In Germany, the Pirate Party earned 0.9% of the vote: not enough for a seat in Parliament, but enough to qualify for public funding for future campaigns.
For a broad overview of the election, see coverage in the New York Times.
Digital Defoe is a new peer-reviewed OA journal of scholarship on Daniel Defoe. (Thanks to Wired Campus.) From the introduction:
... Unlike the pricey databases accessible only to those working in universities with big budgets, Digital Defoe is a publicly accessible, subscription-free peer-reviewed journal and online forum which all those working in higher and secondary education, as well as those outside of academia, are welcome to join. ...
Andreas Hübner and Christoph Bruch, Die Aktivitäten der Arbeitsgruppe „Open Access“ in der Schwerpunktinitiative Digitale Information der Allianz der deutschen Wissenschaftsorganisationen, a slide presentation at Deutscher Bibliothekartag (Erfurt, June 2-5, 2009).
The abstract in Google's English:
Stuart Shieber, Are the Harvard open-access policies unfair to publishers? The Occasional Pamphlet, June 9, 2009. Excerpt:
Leo Waaijers, Publish and Cherish with Non-proprietary Peer Review Systems, Ariadne, April 2009. Excerpt:
Sean Flynn, Aidan Hollis, and Mike Palmedo, An Economic Justification for Open Access to Essential Medicine Patents in Developing Countries, The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, June 3, 2009. Accessible only to subscribers, at least so far.
Scott M. Hofer, and Andrea M. Piccinin, Integrative data analysis through coordination of measurement and analysis protocol across independent longitudinal studies, Psychological Methods, June 2009. Accessible only to subscribers, at least so far.
Paying for open access, Haematologica, June 2009. An editorial. Excerpt:
Randall Mayes, Openness and Biosecurity: Can They Co-exist? Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies, June 7, 2009. Excerpt:
Comment. I already accept that patient privacy takes priority over OA. Hence I don't support OA to medical records without either anonymization or consent. In the right case I can accept that security also takes priority over OA. But I'm not sure this is the right case. A panel of the US National Research Council (NRC) considered exactly the case Mayes discusses --OA to genome data on pathogens-- and decided that the benefits outweighed the risks. In September 2004 it justified its assessment in a book-length report, which Mayes does not cite. (Also see my 2005 article on the NRC report.) I'm ready to believe that fabrication techniques have changed significantly since 2004, and that they will continue to lower the barriers to fabricating viruses from genomic blueprints. On the other hand, the NRC report rested on several arguments independent of the state of technology in 2004, for example, that suppressing factual knowledge about nature is ineffective, and that access to pathogen genome data is necessary to protect public health, especially in the face of bioterror. I'd like to see someone redo the NRC assessment in light of changing technology, or assess changing technology in light of the NRC's policy arguments.
At the moment Paper C is in beta and limited to invited users.
According to Andreas Menn's article in Saturday's Handelsblatt (also see Google's English), reading a PaperC book online is free of charge, and users only have to pay if they want to print excerpts or annotate pages. PaperC is currently running a trial with 1,500 German students and 3,000 German books in computer science, economics, law, and medicine.
Apparently the company will not publish its own books but merely host books from cooperating publishers. Olaf Ernst, President of E-Product Management & Innovation at Springer, said that PaperC was a promising model.
Comment. This is essentially the business model of ebrary at the time of its launch, circa 2002. Sometime after 2005 ebrary changed its model, and now allows the original content publishers to choose their own business models. (None of the suggested models includes OA.) Does anyone know why ebrary changed? The reasons may affect the prospects of PaperC.
Cene Fišer and three co-authors, Public online databases as a tool of collaborative taxonomy: a case study on subterranean amphipods, Zootaxa, May 2009. (Thanks to Layla Michán.) Accessible only to subscribers, at least so far.
Stuart Shieber, The death of scholarly journals? The Occasional Pamphlet, June 8, 2009. Excerpt:
Comment. This is an excellent response that should circulate at all schools considering an OA policy. I'd only recommend that it reflect the fact, which Stuart recently confirmed, that most OA journals charge no publication fees. In the hypothetical world in which high-volume green OA puts pricing pressure on TA journals, many of those journals will convert to OA, but not all will convert to fee-based OA. There are many other business models for OA journals than charging publication fees. Likewise, in the hypothetical world in which high-volume green OA causes massive cancellations of TA journals, and libraries have correspondingly massive savings to spend on peer-reviewed OA journals, a new policy to pay publication fees will not help all or even most OA journals. The best no-fee journals will deserve support just as much as the best fee-based journals. Institutions thinking this far ahead should be thinking about how to help the no-fee journals as well, for example, through direct subsidies of cash, facilities, equipment, or personnel.
Cameron Neylon, Google Wave In Research - The Slightly More Sober View - Part I - Papers, Science in the Open, June 8, 2009. Excerpt:
Update (6/8/09). Also see Part II, on using Google Wave for an open lab notebook.
Subbiah Arunachalam (a.k.a. Arun) has launched a blog. Arun is India's leading OA activist and one of the leading activists for OA in developing countries worldwide. His blog is bound to become an important source of news and comment on OA in developing countries. On launch day --today-- Arun links back to some of his major interviews on OA. (Welcome, Arun!)
Bob Grant, Elsevier tweaks custom pub rules, The Scientist, June 4, 2009. Excerpt:
Update. Also see Summer Johnson's comments at Bioethics.net.
CLOCKSS preserves access to discontinued OUP title, an announcement from EDINA, May 31, 2009. Excerpt:
Also see the CLOCKSS archive of the BTCI backfile. All the back issues are hosted under a CC-BY-NC-ND license.
Gaining the momentum: eIFL marks five year commitment to Open Access in South Africa, eIFL.net. May 2009. Excerpt:
Iryna Kuchma, Libraries advocating for open access in Ukraine, eIFL.net, May 2009. A report from an international conference in Sevastopol, Ukraine, May 21, 2009. Let me separate four bits of news so that none gets lost:
(1) Ukraine is starting to implement the national OA mandate it adopted in 2007 but until now had not implemented:
(2) Ukrainian librarians issued a progressive statement endorsing OA:
(3) A Ukrainian research institute launched a new disciplinary repository:
(4) The Sevastopol conference proceedings are now online:
Presentations from the CSIR meeting, Gaining the momentum: Open access & advancement of science and research (Pretoria, May 14, 2009), are now online.
Presentations from the workshop, Open Access: Maximising Research Impact workshop in Palestine (Birzeit, May 25-28, 2009), are now online.