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JISC has posted a response (undated) to publisher criticism (1, 2) of John Houghton's January report on the economic impact of OA. The publisher criticism was organized by the Publishers Association, the Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers, and the International Association of Scientific, Technical and Medical Publishers.
The JISC response quotes publisher objections and then replies, in the style of a long email. That makes it difficult to excerpt --hence, read the whole thing. But here are some passages, all from the JISC replies:
Ángel Díaz, La edición científica tradicional frena la difusión del saber, El Mundo, April 22, 2009. (Thanks to María Elena Bonora.) On the state of OA in Spain.
Common Institutional Repositories for Collaborative Learning Environments: Final report, report to JISC, April 2009. (Thanks to Charles Bailey.) Executive summary:
New release of computer science portal io-port.net, press release, April 20, 2009. (Thanks to ResourceShelf.)
Integrative Biology is a new peer-reviewed gratis OA journal from RSC Publishing. (Thanks to Garrett Eastman.) Gratis access requires registration. The inaugural issue appeared in 2009. Integrative Biology is published by the Royal Society of Chemistry.
Note this editorial from the fourth issue: Richard Kidd, Changing the face of scientific publishing, Integrative Biology, 1, 4 (2009) pp. 293-295. Excerpt:
PS: Also see our past posts on the Royal Society of Chemistry.
Jeffrey Tucker, What To Do About Tethered Texts, New Liturgical Movement, April 19, 2009. (Thanks to Gino D'Oca.) Excerpt:
PS: See our past posts on this issue.
Melanie Newman, Humble v-c welcomes University of the Air's open-access destiny, Times Higher Education Supplement, April 23, 2009. Excerpt:
Gideon Burton, Scholar or Public Intellectual? Academic Evolution, April 23, 2009. Excerpt:
Peter Murray-Rust, CLARION - our chemical data repository project, A Scientist and the Web, April 24, 2009.
Update. See also the project blog.
Paul Davey, Resources for researchers now on UK PubMed Central website, UK PubMed Central Blog, April 23, 2009.
SCOAP3 receives more Expressions of Interest from U.S. University Libraries, an announcement from the CERN SCOAP3 project, April 24, 2009. Excerpt:
Jen Booth, Libraries around the world support Open Access to critical research from developing countries, Bioline News Blog, April 22, 2009.
Alexandros Koulouris, et al., Evaluating the NTUA institutional repository, presented at 11th International Symposium on Electronic Theses and Dissertations (Aberdeen, June 4-7, 2008); self-archived April 23, 2009. Abstract:
The National Technical University of Athens (NTUA), through its Central Library, offers an Institutional Repository (IR) and ETD submission service, currently operating in a pilot testing period. The main objectives of this paper can be summarized into three major points. Primarily, to evaluate the IR service pilot period, focusing on the ETD submission process. Secondarily, to refine and improve the above mentioned process and, finally, to promote the concept of self-archiving and open access. The project was undertaken by implementing a web-based survey, targeting on the ETD submission users’ population. The data were imported into and processed by statistical analysis software. The key results were exposed online, as part of the IR system, updated in real time, since the survey is an ongoing procedure. The statistical analysis produced useful results regarding various aspects of the IR service. The major descriptive statistics focused on user groups, administrative staff and procedure grading, as well as access policy selection. Moreover, cross tabulations and correlations were created between all variables, for example “university department” and/or “ETD type” associated with “access policy”. A positive user attitude towards the procedure was noted, which motivates us to further enhance and expand the service. Our first milestone is to broaden the service to incorporate all the university departments. For that to happen, the statistical results will be used to forecast, define and, finally, determine the process needs, both in technical and human resources terms. Process weaknesses detected will be rectified, wherever possible, whereas process strengths will be used to market the service. At the same time, certain improvements, such as the transition from a semi-automated metadata importing process into the main IR (DSpace), to a fully automated one (batch), are already in development.
Ulrich Herb, Open Access revisited: Wissenschaftsaltruismus oder alter Wein in neuen Schläuchen?, Kakanien Revisited, March 2009. English abstract:
The paper focusses on the sociological implications of these arguments by tackling their inherent sociological terminology and social values. Pierre Bourdieu's theory of the scientific field and the circulation of capital allows for the well-grounded estimation of the effectiveness of OA for scientific communication and the impact of its proposed openness. Discourse analysis based on Foucault, on the other hand, illuminates the dogmata and ideology of arguments about the leveling of the Digital Divide by redrawing the connection between scientific communication and the theory of science. Last, the sociological approach to the term “information society“ shows the relationship between accessibility of information and the emergence of democracy.
Leticia Ortí, et al., A Kernel for Open Source Drug Discovery in Tropical Diseases, PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, April 21, 2009. (Thanks to John Wilbanks.) Author summary:
Open source drug discovery, a promising alternative avenue to conventional patent-based drug development, has so far remained elusive with few exceptions. A major stumbling block has been the absence of a critical mass of preexisting work that volunteers can improve through a series of granular contributions. This paper introduces the results from a newly assembled computational pipeline for identifying protein targets for drug discovery in ten organisms that cause tropical diseases. We have also experimentally tested two promising targets for their binding to commercially available drugs, validating one and invalidating the other. The resulting kernel provides a base of drug targets and lead candidates around which an open source community can nucleate. We invite readers to donate their judgment and in silico and in vitro experiments to develop these targets to the point where drug optimization can begin.
The kernel is available under the Science Commons Protocol for Implementing Open Access Data.
See also Leticia Ortí, et al., A kernel for the Tropical Disease Initiative, Nature Biotechnology, April 2009.
The Communia Workshop on Accessing, Using, Reusing Public Sector Content and Data (London, March 26-27, 2009) has released this statement on OA to public sector information:
Public sector content and data must be made freely and openly available to all without delay for use and re-use.See also Jonathan Gray's notes on the workshop.
I'd include an excerpt from the report itself, but it's a locked PDF which has disabled cut/pasting. (Why? This is a report on OA from publicly-funded agencies committed to OA.) I don't have time to rekey many of the results, but here are a few:
Update (4/24/09). Also see Stevan Harnad's comments:
Update (4/29/09). Also see Zoë Corbyn's article in THES on the RCUK report. Excerpt:
Update (5/1/09). Also see Stevan Harnad's comments on Corbyn's article.
London Book Fair panel calls JISC e-textbook study ‘myth-shattering’, a press release from JISC, April 23, 2009. Excerpt:
J.J. Musakali and D.C.Rotich, Open Access in African Publishing Industry: Opportunities and Challenges, abstract of a presentation at next month's KMAfrica 2009 meeting, Knowledge to Reposition Africa in the World Economy (Dakar, May 4-7, 2009).
The University of Maryland University Senate just voted down a mixed green/gold OA policy.
From the defeated resolution:
From Tizra Austin's story in today's Diamondback Online on the debate in the Senate:
Update. See also How to Participate in Open Access Anthropology Day:
CaseCheck Launches UK-wide Service – Free Access to over 5000 legal case summaries and more, press release, posted to SPARC-OAForum, April 22, 2009.
Bora Zivkovic, Academic Editor Interview - Craig McClain, everyONE, April 21, 2009. McClain is the Section Editor for Aquatic and Marine Sciences at PLoS ONE.
Taste Fine Wines, Visit Old California, and Explore the History of Life on Earth, University of California Press Blog, April 22, 2009. (Thanks to Charles Bailey.)
... [University of California] Press and the California Digital Library are pleased to announce University of California Publishing Services (UCPubS). This integrated system combines print distribution, sales, and marketing services offered by UC Press with the open access digital publishing services provided by the California Digital Library through eScholarship. UCPubS is part of the University of California’s broader effort to ensure a sustainable scholarly publishing system in the service of research and teaching. Here's a preview of the UCPubS books coming this fall: [Note: omitting list.] ...See also our past posts on the UC Press or the California Digital Library.
Last month the US Federal Aviation Administration floated the idea that it should stop providing OA to bird strike data. The idea was that keeping the data secret would encourage airlines and airports to report it. But the agency made a mid-course correction when its proposal was hit by a barrage of public protests, including a protest from the National Transportation Safety Board. It will launch its OA database of bird strike data tomorrow.
Update (4/25/09). The OA database is now online.
Also see the CHSRF FAQ on the policy.
Drexel University has released a webcast of its meeting, For What It’s Worth: The Hidden Costs of Scholarly Communication (Philadelphia, April 16, 2009). (Thanks to Garrett Eastman.)
Comment. It's a great idea, and many other fields, especially in the humanities and social sciences, should follow suit. However, OA to brief summaries is no reason to slow down or give up on OA to full-texts.
Raf Aerts, Open-access publishing can survive recession, Nature, April 23, 2009. A letter to the editor.
Update (4/28/09). Also see Bill Hooker's comments, emphasizing that most OA journals charge no publication fees.
Wally Grotophorst, OA begins at home…, iNODE, April 21, 2009.
Victoria Henson-Apollonio, Kay Chapman, and Sebastian Derwisch, Some IP challenges in the developing world; and what is being done, Open and Shut? April 19, 2009. Excerpt:
PS: Also see our past posts on CGIAR.
The current issue of European Review has a section on OA. (Thanks to Russ Swan.)
A group of European and Latin American organizations have launched Project NECOBELAC. From the site:
Stevan Harnad, Open access scientometrics and the UK Research Assessment Exercise, Scientometrics, April 2009. The publisher's edition is accessible only to subscribers.
Update (4/24/09). Gavin Baker learned from a contact at UVa that the Faculty Senate took no action on the resolution. The Senate may return to it later but probably not until the fall.
The Association for Laboratory Automation has adopted a delayed OA policy, with a two-year moving wall, for the scientific articles in the Journal of the Association for Laboratory Automation (published by Elsevier). Non-scientific content is OA without delay. The OA content will be posted to JALA Online. (Thanks to Russ Swan.)
Eve Gray, IPR Bill Regulations promulgated - the death knell for open science in South Africa? Gray Area, April 21, 2009. Excerpt:
Mathias Hatakka, Build it and They Will Come? – Inhibiting Factors for Reuse of Open Content in Developing Countries, The Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, 2009.
From the body of the paper:
Nathan Yergler, Open Access and Linked Data, yergler.net, April 20, 2009.
York books scanned, digitized at Internet Archive, YUL News, April 20, 2009.
Toby Green, We Need Publishing Standards for Datasets and Data Tables, OECD Publishing White Paper, April 20, 2009. A proposal for citing datasets. Green argues that improving citations will improve access, but generally leaves access issues for others. Nevertheless, he makes these two points along the way:
David Shotton, Semantic publishing: the coming revolution in scientific journal publishing, Learned Publishing, April 2009; see also this self-archived version. (Thanks to Gerry McKiernan.)
See also our past posts on David Shotton.
Kathleen Diga, University women struggle for knowledge access in Africa, genderIT.org, April 9, 2009.
Dominique Cottart, Politiques européennes d’abonnement et de souscription aux périodiques électroniques (les) : du financement à l’accès : problématiques, réalités, perspectives, thesis at the École nationale supérieure des sciences de l'information et des bibliothèques, January 2009. (Thanks to Fabrizio Tinti.) English abstract:
The emergence of electronic publishing, especially e-journals, has deeply shattered usual operating budget practices, and has induced overwhelming increases of subscription costs libraries will soon not be able to face. In order to cope with publishers monopolies, libraries have started to share their resources on mutual support basis consortia. Each European country has built its own original structure, adapted to the local development of scientific and technical information. These structures have performed several accomplishments which could influence the situation in France, itself undergoing radical transformations.
N. Mukunda, Journals, Open Access, Copyright, Repositories: Some Viewpoints from an Academy, the keynote address at the 2009 meeting of India's National Aerospace Laboratories (Bangalore, March 26, 2009). Mukunda is the Editor of Publications at the Indian Academy of Sciences. (Thanks to Subbiah Arunachalam.) Excerpt:
Chuck Henry, A New European Initiative for Open Access, CLIR Issues, March/April 2009. Excerpt:
Stevan Harnad, Waking OA’s “Slumbering Giant”: The University's Mandate To Mandate Open Access, forthcoming in the New Review of Information Networking, self-archived April 14, 2009.
César A. Hidalgo and four co-authors, A Dynamic Network Approach for the Study of Human Phenotypes, PLoS Computational Biology, April 10, 2009.
The Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa (FARA) has posted a six-minute video interview with Harry Heemskerk on OA to African agricultural research. Heemskerk is the Head of Information Projects and Products at the Dutch Royal Tropical Institute in Amsterdam.
The interview was recorded at the Dgroups Partnership Meeting (The Hague, April 15-16, 2009).
Chopra previously served as Secretary of Technology for the state of Virginia. In that role, he supported Virginia's "flexbook" program to develop open textbooks. Chopra was also a member of the Obama transition's Technology, Innovation and Government Reform working group, which discussed topics such as OA to public sector information and open data.
Response from industry and advocates is very positive so far. Micah Sifry says the appointment "looks like very good news for the transparency movement". Art Brodsky and Tim O'Reilly point to his work to make K-12 educational content from Virginia freely available on iTunes.
See also our past posts on OA-related recommendations for Obama's CTO.
Bill Hooker has two recent posts looking at pricing trends over the past two decades in scholarly journals as compared to all serials, and at trends for journals across several disciplines:
Richard Wallis, Peter Brantley Talks with Talis as he moves to the Internet Archive, Talking with Talis, April 17, 2009; audio, 53 minutes. (Thanks to Charles Bailey.)
Leslie Carr, EPrints and its Development, RepositoryMan, April 17, 2009.
Notes on National and Global Dimensions of the Public Domain (Sydney, April 16-17, 2009):
The Open Grid Forum has started a Digital Repositories Research Group. (Thanks to Charles Bailey.)
The goal of the Digital Repositories Research Group (DR-RG) is to analyze how digital repositories can be built on top of federated storage infrastructure, focusing on the exploitation of existing data-related standards and the identification of need for new or revised data-related standards.
The OA option for the hybrid video journal Journal of Visualized Experiments now includes a CC BY-NC license, making it eligible as a cost for authors funded by the Wellcome Trust and the UKPMC Funders Group. JoVE will also deposit OA articles in PMC for free access upon publication.
See also our past posts on JoVE.
Ray English, SPARC-Oberlin Group Webcast on Harvard Policy, SPARC, April 17, 2009.
Evie Browne, Creative Re-Use Demonstrates Power of Semantic Enhancement, Public Library of Science, April 16, 2009.
Mengfei Chen, Journals: The Cost of Free Access, New University, April 20, 2009. This excerpt picks up after Chen discusses the MIT OA policy and rising journal prices:
Patrick Gaulé, Access to the scientific literature in India, CEMI Working Paper 2009-004, February 23, 2009.
From the body of the paper:
Kuang-hua Chen and Jieh Hsiang, The unique approach to institutional repository: Practice of National Taiwan University, The Electronic Library, 27, 2 (2009) pp. 204-221. The DOI-based URL is not working. Accessible only to subscribers, at least so far. Abstract:
The World Atlas of Language Structures started life in 2005 as a £475 book from Oxford University Press, but now has an OA edition under a CC-BY-NC-ND license. The OA edition is a joint production of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology and the Max Planck Digital Library.
Comment. Thanks to Robert Forkel via pampel and the OATP. This is the first time I've blogged a bit of news gleaned from the project feed of the open access tracking project. It's probably the last time I'll make special note of this kind of assistance, which should quickly become routine. But if you aren't yet following the feed, please note that it's up, working, and growing daily.