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The video and slides of Scholarship in the Digital Age: Information, Infrastructure, and the Internet (New York, March 24, 2009) are now online. (Thanks to Adrian Ho.)
More than 9,000 National Academies reports now available in open access, press release, April 10, 2009.
arXiv has added a new feature, Author Identifiers:
Gabe Schubiner, In Defense of Open Access, The Eye, April 9, 2009.
Alicia Brown, 'Open Access' repository to house works of OSU faculty publishers, The Daily Barometer, April 9, 2009.
Subbiah Arunachalam, Prof. Leslie Chan and Prof. John Willinsky on a mission to India, via SPARC-OAForum, April 8, 2009.
Prof. Leslie Chan and Prof. John Willinsky, whom the Centre for Internet and Society, Bangalore, had invited to visit India in March 2009, took part in two one-day conferences on scholarly communication, the first held at the India Habitat Centre, New Delhi, on 24 March, and the second held at the National Aerospace Laboratories, Bangalore, on 26 March. ...
Timothy B. Lee, The case against PACER: tearing down the courts' paywall, Ars Technica, April 8, 2009.
If you want to find out how the Obama administration is spending the stimulus money, you can go to recovery.gov for detailed spending data. Many executive branch agencies provide information about their activities via the government's regulations.gov portal. And the Library of Congress has the Thomas system, which gives the public free, searchable access to information about the activities of the legislative branch. But the judicial branch is a conspicuous laggard when it comes to making public documents available online. Theoretically, public access to federal court records is provided by a Web-based system called PACER. Unfortunately, PACER locks public documents behind a paywall, lacks a reasonable search engine, and has an interface that's inscrutable to non-lawyers. ...See also our past posts on PACER.
Sparky Video Contest Goes Local, Adds People's Choice Award, press release, April 9, 2009.
See also our past posts on the Sparky Awards.
JISC has noted the publisher pushback (1, 2) against John Houghton's January report on the economic impact of OA. In a brief statement yesterday, JISC said it "will be responding to the points they raise in due course...[and] look[s] forward [to] discussing these complex issues with them over the coming weeks."
Kristin R. Eschenfelder, Controlling Access to and Use of Online Cultural Collections: A Survey of U.S. Archives, Libraries and Museums for IMLS DRAFT VERSION 4/7/2009, a preprint, self-archived April 9, 2009.
The presentations from Che cos'è l'Open Access? Un confronto tra ricercatori, bibliotecari e studenti (Venice, April 3, 2009) are now online (with English abstracts):
Living Reviews in Democracy is a new peer-reviewed OA journal published by the Center for Comparative and International Studies at ETH Zurich and the National Center of Competence in Research Democracy at the University of Zurich. See also this announcement.
Denise Rosemary Nicholson, Digital Rights Management and Access to Information: a developing country’s perspective, Libres, March 2009.
From the body of the paper:
Iryna Kuchma reports that there are three institutional OA mandates in Russia:
(1) The first, at the Central Economics and Mathematics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, is not new. Its mandate was adopted in 2007.
But the other two are new, at least for OAN:
(2) Vologda scientific-coordination center of the Central Economics and Mathematics Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences. This center is a regional branch of the Institute above, but administratively independent. It was not covered by the 2007 OA policy and saw the need to adopt its own.
(3) Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics, within the Russian Academy of Sciences.
All three institutions use Socionet as their institutional repository. All three are affiliated with the Russian Academy of Sciences.
PS: I don't yet have dates of adoption, English translations, or links to the texts. But I hope to be able to post them soon.
Comment. The first and third already have OA mandates (blogged here and here). I'm hoping we'll soon see mandates from the U of Patras and the Hungarian Scientific Research Fund. The U of Patras seems to be a good bet; see our past posts on its OA activity. And it's fairly rare for a funding agency to sign the Declaration without plans to adopt a local policy to carry it out.
Ellen Miller, Top 10 Measurements for Transparency, The Sunlight Foundation Blog, April 5, 2009. What's #1?
1. Open data: The federal government should make all data searchable, findable and accessible. ...
Techné Interviews Public Printer Candidate Carl Malamud, Techné, March 29, 2009. (Thanks to Charles Bailey.)
... Long a proponent of open access to what he calls the “operating system” of the US government—the laws, codes and court cases that regulate our lives in society—Carl Malamud has spent more than a decade working to make government documentation freely available online through his organization public.resource.org. He has recently turned his attention to the GPO and is “running” for the appointment of Public Printer, the head of the GPO and thus of the federal agency that produces a great deal of the same documentation he has previously fought for public access to. ...
Marek Nahotko, Open Access – zagro?enia i szanse dla bibliotekarzy, Biuletyn EBIB, August/September 2008; self-archived April 8, 2009. English abstract:
This article presents an analysis of some OA models, as well as the risks that they entail and the chances they offer to librarians, as far as changes in the profession are concerned.Marek Nahotko, Zalety i wady Open Access – mity i rzeczywisto??, Biuletyn EBIB, August/September 2008; self-archived April 8, 2009. English abstract:
The BioMed Central Web Pages present myths of Open Access. The author gives the translation of the myths as well as the reply from the authors of the Website. The author also comments on the nature and importance of the situation in Poland.
David Bollier, Unleashing Public Sector Information, OnTheCommons.org, April 7, 2009.
See also our past post on the conference.
The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration has released a call for comments on systems for preserving and providing access to presidential records. Comments are due by April 17, 2009 and can be submitted by email. (Thanks to District Dispatch.)
NARA seeks the comments and suggestions of interested organizations and individuals for cost effective ways of modifying the present system for archiving and providing public access to Presidential records. For example, ... digitizing entire collections, processing them electronically, and making them available via the Internet would eliminate the need for costly physical structures. Paper records and other media that need to retained could be stored in lower-cost caves for long-term preservation. ...
Update. See also this response from several library, history, and advocacy groups:
... Open access to presidential records in an issue that concerns a broad swath of the public ...
Gideon Burton, Conventional Scholarship as "Legacy System" and Open Access as "Middleware", Academic Evolution, April 7, 2009.
Cameron Neylon, Open Data, Open Source, Open Process: Open Research, Science in the open, April 2, 2009. (Thanks to Glyn Moody.)
Mike Jackson, et al., The Evolution of Geospatial Technology Calls for Changes in Geospatial Research, Education and Government Management, Directions Magazine, April 6, 2009.
Helicos BioSciences Releases Transcriptome Sequencing (RNA-Seq) Datasets on Open Access Web Site, press release, April 6, 2009.
Helicos BioSciences today announced the release of transcriptome sequencing (RNA-Seq) datasets on the HeliSphere Technology Center, the company's open access Web site for sharing Helicos datasets and bioinformatics software tools. ...See also our past post on Helicos.
Robin Green, et al., Warwick Research Archive Project: Final Report, report to JISC, March 25, 2009. (Thanks to Charles Bailey.)
Kevin Davies, The Bourne Commendation: Open Access Evangelist Wins 2009 Benjamin Franklin Award, Bio-IT World, April 6, 2009.
See also our past posts on Bourne and the Benjamin Franklin Award.
Ben Sheffner, District Court: restoration of copyright in public domain foreign works violates First Amendment, Copyrights & Campaigns, April 3, 2009.
This is major: a Federal District Court in Colorado has held unconstitutional a portion of the Copyright Act, holding that 17 U.S.C. §104A, which restored copyright in certain foreign works that had previously fallen into the public domain, cannot survive First Amendment scrutiny. The government defended the statute by arguing that such restoration was required by Article 18 of the Berne Convention, the international copyright treaty that the US joined in 1988, but the court in Golan v. Holder today held that the First Amendment trumps such treaty obligations, and that the statute impermissibly interferes with the free speech rights of the plaintiffs, "artisans and businesses that rely upon works in the public domain for their trade." ...
Nanette Asimov, Obama taps South Bay community college chief, San Francisco Chronicle, April 3, 2009. (Thanks to Open Education News.)
Marisa Ramirez, CSU Endorsement of SCOAP3 Initiative, Crossing the Chasm, April 6, 2009.
On Friday, the [California State University] Council of Library Directors (COLD), based on recommendation of the Electronic Access to Information Resources (EAR) Committee, voiced support toward submitting an Expression of Interest to join the Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics (SCOAP3). The CSU Expression of Interest includes a monetary pledge of funds toward [high-energy physics] journals. ...
Xavier Bosch, A reflection on open-access, citation counts, and the future of scientific publishing, Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis, March 31, 2009. Accessible only to subscribers, at least at least so far. There is no abstract. Excerpt:
Thomas David Scheiding, Explaining the inability of economists to practice what they preach: the funding of the American Economic Review with author charges, Journal of Economic Methodology, March 2009. See also this OA preprint. Abstract:
The reader subscription pricing mechanism is the dominant method by which the publication of scholarly journals in economics is funded. This occurs despite the fact that the use of an author charge pricing mechanism, when used in conjunction with a reader charge pricing mechanism, is described in the neoclassical economics literature as a more efficient method for financing journals. The division between the actual financing of economics journals and the theoretical understanding of how journals should be financed highlights deficiencies within the neoclassical economists' understanding of the financing of scholarly journals. In this paper I discuss this divergence in theory and practice in how economists finance their scholarly communication process and the brief attempt by some neoclassical economists to bridge this divide.
Meredith Wadman, Open-access policy flourishes at NIH, Nature, April 7, 2009. Excerpt:
The letter is signed by Steven E. Hyman, Provost; Robert Darnton, Director of the Harvard University Library; and Stuart M. Shieber, Faculty Director of the Office for Scholarly Communication.
For more than five years, the University of Chicago's Oriental Institute has issued all its publications in dual OA/TA versions. Now it reports that the OA editions have increased the sales of the TA editions. (Thanks to Charles Ellwood Jones.) Excerpt:
Comment. This is especially persuasive because it's based on five years of experience. The only longer body of experience I know belongs to the National Academies Press, which has published all its monographs in dual OA/TA editions for more than 15 years (since March 1994). It too reports that the OA editions boost the net sales of the TA editions; see Mike Jensen's reports from 2001, 2005, and 2007.
Working Together or Apart: Promoting the Next Generation of Digital Scholarship, report of a workshop by the Council on Library and Information Resources and the National Endowment for the Humanities, March 2009. (Thanks to Fabrizio Tinti.) Some of the articles touch on OA.
Library of Congress Makes More Assets and Information Available Through New-Media Initiatives, press release, March 25, 2009. (Thanks to Fabrizio Tinti.)
Update. Here's the LOC's YouTube channel. See also this LOC blog post:
Christian Zimmermann, RePEc in March 2009, The RePEc Blog, April 5, 2009.
Sean R. Eddy, Open Revolution, PLoS Biology, March 24, 2009.
... The essays collected in Opening Up Education, edited by Toru Iiyoshi and M.S. Vijay Kumar, describe ways in which individuals and institutions intend to exploit digital communications technology, develop innovative and freely redistributable educational methods and resources, and improve education at all levels throughout the world.
But what does “open education” really mean? What is “closed” about education? Should education be free as in no cost, or is there something about education that needs to be freed as in freedom? This sort of ground is already well-trampled by debates about two better-known “open” predecessors, open-source software and open-access publication, and it is instructive to make the comparison. ...See also comments by David Crotty.
Alison B. Sailer, Faculty receive scholarships for different fields of study, The Etownian, April 2, 2009.
George Scialabba, What's mine should be yours, Boston Globe, March 22, 2009.
Five more journals have been accepted for inclusion in Revues.org. Like all Revues.org titles, the journals will be OA or delayed OA. At least some of the titles appear not to have been OA previously.
Talis Connected Commons is a new service from Talis to provide free hosting for data sets tagged with the Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and License or Creative Commons CC0. See also the March 28 announcement. (Thanks to Panlibus and the Open Knowledge Foundation.)
Update. See also this comment by Kaitlin Thaney:
... I further bore into the details regarding hosting public domain data, inquiring whether or not data naturally in the public domain and not marked by CC0 or the PDDL would be allowed in the system. Talis’ Leigh Dodds, after a few email exchanges, expressed their desire to have the data clearly marked via CC0 or PDDL, but assured me that data already in the commons — for example, the human genome — would not be excluded. ...
Michael Cross, E-government survey urges councils to free data, The Guardian, March 26, 2009.
Cameron Neylon, Oh, you’re that “Cameron Neylon”: Why effective identity management is critical to the development of open research, presentation at Eduserv Symposium 2009 (London, May 21, 2009). Abstract:
There is a growing community developing around the need make the outputs of research available more efficiently and more effectively. This ranges from efforts to improve the quality of data presentation in published peer reviewed papers through to efforts where the full record of research is made available online, as it is recorded. A major fear as more material goes online in different forms is that people will not receive credit for their contribution. The recognition of researcher’s contribution has always focussed on easily measurable quantities. As the diversity of measurable contributions increases there is a growing need to aggregate the contributions of a specific researcher together in a reliable and authoritative way. The key to changing researcher behaviour lies in creating a reward structure that acknowledges their contribution and allows them to effectively cited. Effective mechanisms for uniquely identifying researchers are therefore at the heart of constructing reward systems that support an approach to research that fully exploits the communication technologies available to us today.
O.V. Verkhodanov, The CATS Service: An Astrophysical Research Tool, Data Science Journal, 2009. Abstract:
We describe the current status of CATS (astrophysical CATalogs Support system), a publicly accessible tool maintained at Special Astrophysical Observatory of the Russian Academy of Sciences (SAO RAS) allowing one to search hundreds of catalogs of astronomical objects discovered all along the electromagnetic spectrum. Our emphasis is mainly on catalogs of radio continuum sources observed from 10 MHz to 245 GHz, and secondly on catalogs of objects such as radio and active stars, X-ray binaries, planetary nebulae, HII regions, supernova remnants, pulsars, nearby and radio galaxies, AGN and quasars. CATS also includes the catalogs from the largest extragalactic surveys with non-radio waves. In 2008 CATS comprised a total of about 109 records from over 400 catalogs in the radio, IR, optical and X-ray windows, including most source catalogs deriving from observations with the Russian radio telescope RATAN-600. CATS offers several search tools through different ways of access, e.g. via Web-interface and e-mail. Since its creation in 1997 CATS has managed about 105requests. Currently CATS is used by external users about 1500 times per day and since its opening to the public in 1997 has received about 4000 requests for its selection and matching tasks.
Mary Zborowski, CISTI'S Activities in Support of Scientific Data Management in Canada 2008-2010, Data Science Journal, 2009. Abstract:
In the Canadian research environment, it is difficult for researchers to effectively discover, access, and use data sets, except for those that are the most well known. Several recent reports have discussed the issues around "lost" data sets: those which are intended to be shared but cannot be identified and utilized effectively because of insufficient associated metadata. Both problems are approaching critical levels in Canada and internationally, a situation that is unacceptable because these data sets are often generated as a result of public funding. Solutions may involve providing support and training for researchers on how they can best collect and manage their data sets or developing gateways to scientific data sets. NRC-CISTI is the largest comprehensive source of scientific, technical, and medical information in North America, with a mandate to serve as Canada's national science library. Through its publishing arm, NRC Research Press, it is also Canada's foremost scientific publisher. NRC-CISTI is an organization with demonstrated expertise in metadata management, which, until recently, focused primarily on library and publishing contexts. However in November 2007, it formally committed to expand its agenda to address the management of scientific research data and the related critical needs of the research community. This paper presents NRC-CISTI's activities in this area. NRC-CISTI has begun by hosting forums in which the critical players (including the granting agencies) mapped out targets and approaches. It has strengthened its own internal expertise regarding metadata and management of scientific data sets. Finally, NRC-CISTI is developing a gateway Web site which will provide access to Canadian scientific data sets and related metadata, tools, educational resources, and other informative and collaborative tools urgently needed by Canadian and international researchers. NRC-CISTI is the sponsoring body for the Canadian National Committee for CODATA and is committed to promoting and supporting CNC/CODATA's initiatives.See also our past posts on CISTI.