News from the open access movementJump to navigation
I'll be on the road April 5-11, with only occasional opportunities for blogging and email. But Gavin will be on the job and I'll return full-time a week from today.
From the NLM Technical Bulletin for March 27, 2009:
PS: The answer to FAQ B1 formerly said that the policy applies to any grant in "Fiscal Year 2008" and now says "Fiscal Year 2008 or beyond".
Bill Hooker, Why don't we share data? Not for the reasons Steven Wiley thinks we don't, Open Reading Frame, April 4, 2009. A response to Wiley's article in The Scientist (blogged here yesterday). Excerpt:
From the roadmap itself:
From today's announcement:
Megan Ogilvie, Secrecy slowing drug research, The Toronto Star, April 4, 2009. (Thanks to Leslie Chan.) Excerpt:
PS: Also see our past posts on Edwards and the Structural Genomics Consortium.
William W. Cope and Mary Kalantzis, Signs of epistemic disruption: Transformations in the knowledge system of the academic journal, First Monday, April 2009.
The EU has published all the public comments on the July 2008 green paper, Copyright in the Knowledge Economy. (Thanks to Glyn Moody.) There are 372 comments in the collection, gathered from mid-July to the end of November 2008.
One of the questions (Question 19) raised in the paper had a strong OA connection:
Also see our past posts on the green paper, which include many of the public comments from supporters of OA.
The Powerhouse Museum announced that its collection document had been released under Creative Commons licenses. Factual data about its collection objects are available under CC BY-SA and museum-specific notes are available under a CC BY-NC. (Thanks to Jessica Coates.)
See also our past posts on the Powerhouse Museum.
The Journal of Visualized Experiments, an OA video journal, has converted to subscriptions. The journal continues to offer a hybrid OA option. No official announcement has been posted, but the news has been confirmed in comments by JoVE editors Moshe Pritsker here and Nikita Bernstein here.
From Pritsker, CEO and Editor-in-Chief:
... The reason is simple: we have to survive. To cover costs of our operations, to break even, we have to charge $6,000 per video article. This is to cover costs of the video-production and technological infrastructure for video-publication, which are higher than in traditional text-only publishing. Academic labs cannot pay $6,000 per article, and therefore we have to find other sources to cover the costs. ...
From Bernstein, CTO and Web Developer:
... We've been trying to get universities to subscribe to us, but nobody seems to be taking us seriously and, given our situation, being free is just not sustainable. However, we are now discussing how to best provide a good blend of access and subscription. For example, authors definitely should have access to their own articles. ...
The new publication fees are $500 per article for closed access or $2,000 per article for OA. Additional fees apply for production assistance from JoVE. No information about waivers or discounts is available, or any information about reducing subscription prices based on uptake of the OA option.
See also our past posts on JoVE.
Update. See also coverage at The Scientist:
Update. See also this announcement from UK PubMed Central:
Karen Herland, The free distribution of research and knowledge, Concordia Journal, April 2, 2009.
The April/May 2009 issue of the Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science and Technology has a special section on IRs. Contents:
The Open Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery is a new peer-reviewed OA journal published by Libertas Academica. See the April 3 announcement. Authors retain copyright and articles are published under the Creative Commons Attribution license. The article-processing fee is $1395, subject to discount or waiver. See also the inaugural editorial:
The journal will be competing head-on with a number of existing subscription-based journals. However, there is clearly a niche for the new journal. The reason for this is because all journal articles will be accessible without any access boundaries to all internet users throughout the world. ...
The U.S. National Endowment for the Humanities's Preservation and Access Research and Development funding program's latest call for proposals states that it will prefer proposals that provide OA. (Thanks to Charles Bailey.)
UNESCO, Library of Congress and partners launch World Digital Library, press release, April 1, 2009.
See also our past posts on the World Digital Library.
Update. See also coverage in Library Journal.
Four videos about OA from the Webcast of the Board of Regents [presumably, of the University System of Georgia], dated March 6, 2009:
Rick Weiss has been appointed to a position within U.S. President Barack Obama's Office of Science and Technology Policy. (It's not immediately clear which position.) Weiss has written about OA many times in his previous positions at Science Progress and the Washington Post.
See also our past posts on Weiss.
OASIS has posted a 2:38 minute clip from a longer video of Leslie Chan interviewing Padmanabhan Balaram on the importance of OA and institutional repositories, especially for science institutes. Balaram is the Director of the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) and the Editor of Current Science. The interview was taped on March 30.
Archana Venkatraman, Open access joins the mainstream, Information World Review, April 3, 2009. Excerpt:
Steven Wiley, Why Don't We Share Data? The Scientist, April 2009. Excerpt:
If you are aware that there's a hot debate about OA in Germany right now, but find it hard to follow, the Informationsplattform Open Access has compiled a list of links to the major contributions. Read it in German or Google's English.
Update (4/4/09). The Open Knowledge Foundation has created a very useful collection of links and texts for English readers. It links to the German originals of the major contributions, links to English translations when they already existed, and supplies a couple of new English translations.
A boost to open access, The Hindu, April 2, 2009. An editorial. (Thanks to Subbiah Arunachalam.) Excerpt:
The presentations from the Ural State University seminar, Scientific knowledge in the digital age: Open Access and Open repositories (Yekaterinburg, Russia, December 1-2, 2008), are now online. They may have been up for a while, but I just noticed them (thanks to Sybski). Read the program in Russian or Google's English.
Declan Butler, The textbook of the future, Nature, April 1, 2009. Accessible only to subscribers. Excerpt:
Matthew Cockerill, Universities UK/Research Information Network report recommends creation of central instititutional funds to cover open access publication charges, BMC Blog, April 2, 2009. Excerpt:
PS: Also see my own comments on the RIN report.
Update. Michael blogged an earlier (and OA) version of this article in January.
Katherine Allen, Springer Is Not for Sale, Says CEO, Information Today NewsBreaks, April 2, 2009. Excerpt:
Péter Jacsó, ticTOCs, Péter's Digital Reference Shelf, April 2009. A review of the OA ticTOCs current awareness service. (Thanks to ResourceShelf.)
See also our past posts on ticTOCs.
Robert Kiley, Open access licence: researcher opinion sought, UKPMC Blog, April 1, 2009. Excerpt:
PS: Presently, there are 5 comments on this blog post.
The National Science Digital Library has released EduPak 1.0. (Thanks to Charles Bailey.)
EduPak version 1.0 is a lightweight version of the NCore open-source digital library platform specifically designed to meet the needs of national educational organizations and institutions focused on establishing specialized digital collections, conducting educational research, or providing students, teachers and instructors with discipline-oriented pedagogical products and tools that require basic technology for educational digital repositories. Built with NCore components, EduPak is an all-in-one, educational digital repository solution that provides a general platform for building digital libraries united by a common data model and interoperable applications.
The Land Library of Saxony - State and University Library Dresden announced on March 31 it would add 250,000 images to Wikimedia Commons under the Creative Commons BY-SA license. (Thanks to Klaus Graf.) See also the announcement at Creative Commons.
See also our past post on the similar announcement from the German Federal Archive on adding 100,000 of its images to Wikimedia Commons.
Anup Kumar Das, Open Access to Research Literature in India: Contemporary Scenario, ISSI Newsletter, 2009; self-archived April 1, 2009. Abstract:
This paper discusses how Indian open access journals get international visibility with increased outreach through primary and secondary open access journal gateways and aggregators. This paper proposes a model of self-sustainability for open access journals as well as for open access journal publishers.
The PubMed Central journal list now includes additional information on a single page:
Pat Lohmann, Students mourn outdated textbooks, New Mexico Daily Lobo, March 26, 2009. (Thanks to Open Education News.)
David Tarrant, et al., Using OAI-ORE to Transform Digital Repositories into Interoperable Storage and Services Applications, Code4Lib Journal, March 30, 2009. (Thanks to Charles Bailey.) Abstract:
In the digital age libraries are required to manage large numbers of diverse objects. One advantage of digital objects over fixed physical objects is the flexibility of ‘binding’ them into publications or other useful aggregated intellectual entities while retaining the ability to reuse them independently in other contexts. An emerging framework for managing flexible aggregations of digital objects is provided by the Open Archives Initiative (OAI) with its work on Object Reuse and Exchange (ORE). This paper will show how OAI-ORE is being used to manage content in digital repositories, in particular institutional repositories, and has the potential ultimately to transform the conception of digital repositories.
The Universidad Carlos III de Madrid adopted an OA policy on February 25, 2009. The policy applies to requests for funding to create or improve Web sites for the university's institutes and research groups. Applications for such funding from the must indicate whether the group will commit to self-archive its research results in the UC3M IR; commitment will figure in the evaluation of applications. (Thanks to David Wacks.)
Donat Agosti and Willi Egloff, Taxonomic information exchange and copyright: the Plazi approach, BMC Research Notes, March 30, 2009. Abstract:
Heather Morrison, Dramatic Growth of Open Access: March 31, 2009, Imaginary Journal of Poetic Economics, March 31, 2009. Excerpt:
Noam Cohen, Microsoft Encarta Dies After Long Battle With Wikipedia, New York Times, March 30, 2009. Excerpt:
Comment. I have no opinion on the quality of Encarta. I never used it, and clearly I'm not alone. But I'm still struck by the traffic figures: Wikipedia at #1 with 97% of online encyclopedia traffic, and Encarta at #2 with 1.27%. Is there any other category showing that kind of disparity between #1 and #2?
Karin Weishaupt, Freier Zugang und Qualität – kein Widerspruch! Etablierte Strukturen des Wissenschaftssystems behindern die Durchsetzung von Open Access, IAT, April 2009. (Thanks to the Informationsplattform Open Access.)
In German without an English-language abstract. The thesis is that there is no contradiction between OA and quality, and that the conventional metrics of quality, such as impact factors, are deeply misleading.
PS: For my own arguments for the same thesis, see especially:
Also see our past post on Weishaupt's work on OA.
Long-term preservation of Open Access Journals secured, a press release from the DOAJ and the e-Depot of the National Library of the Netherlands (dated today). Excerpt:
PS: There are several larger lists of OA journals, but as far as I can tell they are not limited to peer-reviewed journals. If there larger lists of peer-reviewed OA journals, I'd like to know about them.
Les Carr reports that the Southampton ECS repository has been tweeting new deposits since June 2008. He also shows how to set up a Twitter channel in any EPrints repository. Eloy Rodrigues reports that the Minho IR (running DSpace) has started tweeting new deposits.
Comment. You may not need to know about new repository deposits while doing your laundry. But neither do you have to follow repository channels in real time. The brevity of deposit announcements is a perfect fit with the brevity of tweets. There's no reason why generalized alert services couldn't record your interests, harvest repository deposits and journal TOCs (or integrate with ticTOCs), and tweet you across the range of resources in your field.
Benjamin J. Weiner and 15 co-authors, Astronomical Software Wants To Be Free: A Manifesto, a preprint, self-archived, March 25, 2009.
Comment. You don't see this very often: an argument for free and open source software by analogy to open access, rather than the other way around.
Switzerland's Molecular Diversity Preservation Initiative (MDPI) has launched two new peer-reviewed OA journals:
PS: Also see our past posts on MDPI.
Uwe Thomas Müller, Peer-Review-Verfahren zur Qualitätssicherung von Open-Access-Zeitschriften – systematische Klassifikation und empirische Untersuchung, a doctoral dissertation at Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, January 22, 2009. (Thanks to David Solomon.) In German but with this English-language abstract:
The Research Information Network (RIN) has released a two-page analysis of the effect of the economic meltdown on research access, Scholarly books and journals at risk, March 2009. From the statement:
Comment. The topic is important and the analysis timid. The statement doesn't mention OA once, in any context, let alone as a possible solution, or partial solution, to the loss of access to priced research. For an analysis of the same problem willing to speak the unspeakable, see the ARL Statement to Scholarly Publishers on the Global Economic Crisis from last month:
For my own analysis, that the economic crisis strengthens the case for OA, much as the climate crisis strengthens the case for wind, solar, and geothermal energy, see my open letter to Obama and McCain from last November and my predictions for 2009 from last December.
Molly Kleinman, Lessons from Open Access Week, Molly Kleinman, March 30, 2009.
Update (3/31/09). Also see Stevan Harnad's comments.
Antarctic marine biodiversity data now online, press release, March 31, 2009.
The International Polar Year (IPY) concluded in March 2009 with a tangible legacy in the form of a network of databases on marine biodiversity that will serve as clearinghouse for all biodiversity-related data gathered since the very first Antarctic research expeditions. ... Created by the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research's (SCAR), an inter-disciplinary committee of the International Council for Science, the Marine Biodiversity Information Network (SCAR-MarBIN) is a collaborative web portal that provides free and open access to information on Antarctic marine biodiversity. The portal started as a major Belgian contribution to the IPY, but grew into an international collaborative effort, with hundreds of scientists from around the world joining forces to build this unique web-based tool, enabling the community to share and publish information that is critical for research but also for conservation purposes. ...
Common Chemistry is a gratis beta resource from the Chemical Abstracts Service which contains CAS Registry Numbers for approximately 7,800 chemicals of interest to the public.
See also comments by Antony Williams:
See also our past posts on the Chemical Abstracts Service.
John Willinsky, Open Access Policies and Practices for Increasing Scholarly Contributions, presentation at the University of Kansas, February 19, 2009. Abstract:
John Willinsky, Professor of Education at Stanford University, presents "Open Access Policies and Practices for Increasing Scholarly Contributions," February 19, 2009 at the University of Kansas. Presentation sponsored by KU Libraries, Hall Center for the Humanities, KU School of Education, and Kansas African Studies Center. 90 minutes.
DIAL (Dépôt Institutionnel de l'Académie universitaire 'Louvain') is the new multi-institutional IR for the Académie 'Louvain' (composed of the Facultés universitaires catholiques de Mons, Facultés Universitaires Notre-Dame de la Paix à Namur, Facultés universitaires Saint-Louis, and the Université catholique de Louvain). (Thanks to Fabrizio Tinti.)
The history and context section of the repository notes that the Université catholique de Louvain adopted a mandatory OA policy on July 7, 2008, which requires deposit in the IR.
Most of the papers to be delivered at next month's conference, National and Global Dimensions of the Public Domain (Sydney, April 16-17, 2009) are already online.
The most OA-related of the papers currently up is Roger Clarke and Danny A. Kingsley, Open Access to Journal Content as a Case Study in Unlocking IP, last revised March 30, 2009. Abstract:
The slides and video from Selling the Law: The Business of Public Access to Court Records (Princeton, February 5, 2009) are now online. (Thanks to Legal Research Plus.)
Shreyansh Vakil, XC's OAI Toolkit on Google Code, Code for Libraries list, March 27, 2009. (Thanks to Charles Bailey.)
The Fall 2008 issue of Library Trends is a theme issue on "Institutional Repositories: Current State and Future". Contents:
Thiru Balasubramaniam, Balanced agenda reached at the conclusion of WIPO patent committee, Knowledge Ecology Notes, March 30, 2009. Excerpt:
For details, see Peter Ballantyne, R4D, tool to access DFID-funded research, Europe's Forum on International Cooperation, March 30, 2009:
From the about page:
From the page of Strategies for Enhancing the Impact of Research:
Comment. This is a useful project, well-executed. Note that some of the strategies are general, and would apply in other fields, but many are field-specific. Others may want to create similar guides for other fields.
The OCLC Review Board of Shared Data Creation and Stewardship has launched a survey on the proposed Policy for Use and Transfer of WorldCat Records. Responses are due by April 8, 2009. (Thanks to Garrett Eastman.)
See also our past post on the review board.
CloudSocial: A New Approach to Enabling Open Content for Broad Reuse, Open.Michigan, March 5, 2009.
Dawn Lim, Cornell Librarians Protest Bill Closing Access to NIH Research, Cornell Daily Sun, March 30, 2009. Excerpt:
Comment. Kudos to the Cornell librarians. It's terribly important that research institutions speak up, not just individual researchers. The bill could move to the floor at any time, or equivalent language could be attached to another bill moving to the floor. If you support the NIH policy and oppose the Conyers bill, and if you've already written to your representative in the House, please ask your library or university to do the same.
D.K. Sahu, Eight facts and myths about open access journals: an experience of eight years and eighty journals. In: Open Access to Science Publications: Policy perspective, Opportunities and Challenges, March 24 2009. A slide presentation. Abstract:
Gavin Baker, Why haven’t more research funders and institutions adopted self-archiving mandates? (Or: “Build it first, open it later”), A Journal of Insignificant Inquiry, March 27, 2009.
The US Federal Aviation Administration wants to stop providing OA to bird strike data. The idea is that airports fearing bad publicity and loss of business would more readily report bird strikes if the information were not made public. (Thanks to AirSafe.com and USA Today.)
Comment. Maybe peanut butter companies would more readily report salmonella poisoning if the information were not made public. Maybe chemical companies would more readily report toxic spills if the information were not made public. Maybe cities would more readily report their crime rates if the information were not made public. Maybe politicians would more readily report inappropriate gifts if the information were not made public.
Subbiah Arunachalam, Successful conference - now the challenge! EPT, March 28, 2009. A report on the Conference on Open Access to Science Publications: Policy perspective, Opportunities and Challenges (New Delhi, March 24, 2009), Sponsored by India's Council of Scientific & Industrial Research. Excerpt:
PS: Also see our past post on other reports from this conference.
Robert Peckham is collecting a large number of links to digital online (and apparently OA) copies of digitized medieval manuscripts, to supplement the Andy Holt Virtual Library page on Web Access for Manuscript-based Textual Scholarship and the UCLA Catalogue of Digitized Medieval Manuscripts. (Thanks to Klaus Graf.)