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The House Judiciary Committee has released all the testimony submitted to its September 11, 2008 hearing on the Conyers bill. This includes the oral and written testimony of the four witnesses and all the written comments submitted by the public.
Unfortunately, the public comments are image scans and not searchable.
Gavin Baker is at a conference where Kei Koizumi is speaking (not yet clear which conference). Here are three short micro-blog bursts from Gavin in the past hour:
In case there are more coming, don't wait for me to mediate.
Update. The event is the Science and Technology in Society Conference (Washington DC, March 28-29, 2009).
Jeffrey Young, YouTube Creates New Section to Highlight College Content, Wired Campus, March 27, 2009.
Mary Beard was recently at a conference at which Carl Djerassi defended the idea that young couples should bank their sperm and eggs while young in order to make babies when they are older, and Harold Varmus defended the idea of OA. Beard writes:
David Landsman, Robert Gentleman, Janet Kelso, and B. F. Francis Ouellette, DATABASE: A new forum for biological databases and curation, Database, 1, 1 (2009) --the inaugural issue of this new OA journal from Oxford University Press. An editorial. Excerpt:
PS: Also see our past post on the journal's pre-launch announcement.
Also see RIN's earlier studies and recommendations on publication fees.
Update (3/28/09). Also see Stevan Harnad's comments:
Eve Gray, Publishing and perishing in Africa – an ethical issue? Gray Area, March 27, 2009. Excerpt:
Heather Morrison, Directory of Open Access Journals Growth 2005-2008, Imaginary Journal of Poetic Economics, March 27, 2009. Excerpt:
Rep. Bill Foster (D-IL) has introduced LOW COST (Learning Opportunities With Creation of Open Source Textbooks, HR 1464), a bill to "require Federal agencies to collaborate in the development of freely-available open source educational materials in college-level physics, chemistry, and math, and for other purposes." (Thanks to David Wiley.)
What kind of help would agencies have to provide? From Section 3:
Carl Lagoze, The oreChem Project: Integrating Chemistry Scholarship with the Semantic Web, presented at WebSci'09: Society On-Line (Athens, March 18-20, 2009). (Thanks to Peter Murray-Rust.) Abstract:
The oreChem project is a collaboration between chemistry scholars and information scientists to develop and deploy the infrastructure, services, and applications to enable new models for research and dissemination of scholarly materials in the chemistry community. Although the focus of the project is chemistry, the work is being undertaken with an attention to general cyber infrastructure for eScience, thereby enabling the linkages among disciplines that are required to solve today’s key scientific challenges such as global warming. A key aspect of this work, and a core aim of this project, is the design and implementation of an interoperability infrastructure based on semantic Web principles that will allow chemistry scholars to share, reuse, manipulate, and enhance data that are located in repositories, databases, and Web services distributed across the network.
Ben Bunnell, The Bodleian's treasures, available to all, Inside Google Book Search, March 26, 2009. (Thanks to ResourceShelf.)
Robert Kiley, ACS Open Choice articles - now in PMC and UKPMC, UK PubMed Central Blog, March 24, 2009.
See also Peter Murray-Rust's comments.
See also Peter Suber's past post.
European Commission, ICT Infrastructures for e-Science, report, March 5, 2009. (Thanks to Open Access.)
See also Peter's comments on the Communication on scientific information in the digital age or past posts on FP7.
Heather Morrison, Open Access in the Sciences, class presentation at McGill University, March 25, 2009. Abstract:
Open Access in the Sciences is an overview presentation designed for a library science class at McGill University, with a focus on open access in the Canadian context. There are more than 3,900 fully open access journals listed in the Directory of Open Access Journals; more than a hundred are published in Canada. Selected examples of open access journals from across the country are presented, published by universities / libraries, societies, and government. Open access archives (disciplinary and institutional) are explored. The author discusses open access archives from an author's perspective. A brief overview of open access policies and author's rights are presented, and emerging trends and new jobs for librarians.
James MacGregor, OJS use grows in Norway, Public Knowledge Project, March 26, 2009.
Icthes World Care, a UK-based non-profit publisher of OA journals targeted at developing countries, is closing, according to a notice on its Web site dated January 2009:
Update. See also Chris Rusbridge's comments:
James Robinson, Academic publishing house Springer put up for sale in teeth of recession, The Guardian, March 26, 2009. Excerpt:
Comment. Springer is the world's second largest TA journal publisher, after Elsevier. But since buying BMC last October, it's also the world's largest OA publisher. The fact that Springer's owners have been private equity companies didn't stop Springer from buying BMC, a profitable company which probably had lower profit margins than the rest of Springer. That is, profit maximizing didn't squeeze out this form of diversification. If that's a clue, then Springer could be bought by another private equity firm without adding anti-OA pressure to the new BMC division. Could. But while wise management will still want to prepare for an OA future, an area in which Springer now leads the other commercial giants, anyone who buys the company during an economic meltdown might have to think about slashing and divestments. Springer's current CEO, Derk Haank, said that "open access publishing [is] a sustainable part of STM publishing, and not an ideological crusade." But the new owner may want a new CEO.
Update. Reuters adds some new detail:
Richard Poynder, The Open Access Interviews: Hélène Bosc, Open and Shut? March 27, 2009. This is another richly textured interview, unearthing details about the early history of OA, OA in France, OA in Europe, and the career of one of Europe's first and most influential OA activists. It's difficult to excerpt, but here's a little to whet your appetite:
JANUL Statement on Open Access: Pursuing New Scholarly Communication, a public statement from the Japan Association of National University Libraries (JANUL), March 16, 2009. Excerpt:
Comment. A good list. I'd add that universities, like public funding agencies, should mandate green OA for their research output. For details and supporting arguments, see my article in last month's SOAN.
Katharina Habermann and Lutz Habermann, An Evolutionary Game-Theoretic Approach to Open Access, a preprint deposited in arXiv yesterday. (Thanks to arxivmath.)
PS: Also see our past posts on game-theoretic approaches to OA.
Stevan Harnad, On the affinities and disaffinities among free software, peer-to-peer access, and open access to peer-reviewed research, a QuickTime movie of a presentation at Free Software and Beyond: The World of Peer Production (Manchester, March 26, 2009). From his summary:
When Switzerland's University of St. Gallen adopted its OA mandate in December 2008 and announced it last month, the text was initially available only in German. About a week later an unofficial English version was posted to ROARMAP. Today the university issued an official English version. (Thanks to Ruedi Lindegger.) Excerpt:
The Autonomous Community Government of Madrid adopted an OA policy, apparently an OA mandate, in May 2008. Last month it formalized the mandate in its official research regulations, February 19, 2009.
The policy requires Madrid-funded researchers to deposit the final versions of their articles in their institutional repository. It permits a delay on deposit (not just on OA) of six months for STM research and 12 months for SSH research.
The Charlotte Hess and Elinor Ostrom collection, Understanding Knowledge as a Commons: From Theory to Practice (MIT Press, 2006) has been translated into Italian (Mondadori, 2009).
The abstracts from Accessing, Using, Reusing Public Sector Content and Data (London, March 26-27, 2009) are now online, with placeholders for other downloads (papers, video, audio, etc.).
Also see the list of proposed policy recommendations from the workshop speakers:
... Recommendation 12 – Tom Steinberg, mySociety. Free your data, especially maps and other geographic information, plus the non-personal data that drives the police, health and social services, for starters. Introduce a ‘presumption of innovation’ – if someone has asked for something costly to free up, give them what they want: it’s probably a sign that they understand the value of your data when you don’t. ...
Alison Henning, UK PubMed Central - enabling easier reporting on the outcomes of grants, UK PubMed Central Blog, March 23, 2009.
Philip Davis, Access: Revolution or Evolution? Scholarly Kitchen, March 26, 2009. Excerpt:
Comment. Phil's final sentence suggests that it makes no sense to cheer for the inevitable. But I'm not sure why. First, inevitable things --at least things like OA-- can be sped up or slowed down by human action. So our support or opposition can actually make a difference, at least for the timing. Cheering, then, and even hard work, can be justified. For opponents, jeering and resistance can be equally justified. Second, something might be inevitable and still be good for our interests or bad for our interests. Hence, as it unfolds, we might have reason to cheer or lament, even if we can't even affect the timing and have no illusions that our attitudes will affect our fate. Right now, for example, I'm cheering the signs of spring.
The International Journal of Gender Science and Technology is a forthcoming peer-reviewed OA journal published by the Open University and sponsored by the UK Resource Centre for Women in Science, Engineering & Technology. The inaugural issue is scheduled for publication in July 2009 and will publish three issues annually. (Thanks to the European Platform of Women Scientists.)
World Intellectual Property Organization Secretariat, Dissemination of Patent Information, report to the Standing Committee on the Law of Patents (Geneva, March 23-27, 2009). From the executive summary:
See also Sisule F. Musungu, Commentary on WIPO’s Study on Dissemination of Patent Information, Ideas in Development, March 25, 2009.
... Based on the figures provided in the study, in practical terms, accessibility of patent information is quite poor. Full text patent documents in electronic form is only available in a minority of countries. ...
Yesterday 10 major science organizations issued a joint statement (in German) explaining the rudiments of OA and reaffirming that OA does not violate copyright or interfere with the freedom of publication. Read it in German or Google's English.
The joint statement is an answer to the objections and misunderstandings of the Heidelberg Appeal, a sign-on petition against Google Books and OA launched earlier this week. The petition's criticism of OA is based on several mistakes, including the assumption that OA policies apply to royalty-producing works like novels and that OA expropriates the intellectual property of authors or publishers, rather than resting on the consent of authors or publishers.
The 10 science organizations are:
Update (3/26/09). Also see Christian Hauschke's extensive collection of other responses to the Heidelberg Appeal. (Thanks to Klaus Graf.) Read Hauschke's page in German or Google's English.
Update (3/27/09). Also see the public statement against the Heidelberg Appeal from Rainer Kuhlen and the Aktionsbündnis: Urheberrecht für Bildung und Wissenschaft (Coalition for Action: Copyright for Education and Research), March 25, 2009. Read it in German or Google's English.
Update (3/31/09). The joint statement has now been translated into English. (Thanks to Andreas Hübner.)
NASA and Microsoft to Make Universe of Data Available to the Public, press release, March 24, 2009.
See also this related press release on WorldWide Telescope. WorldWide Telescope is available OA as a Windows download or on the Web with Microsoft's Silverlight software.
Here are some more comments on MIT's OA mandate from the press and blogosphere.
From Andrew Albanese at Library Journal:
From Kim Flintoff at Dramatech Space:
From Alexis Madrigal at Wired Science:
From John Timmer at Ars Technica:
Peter Murray-Rust, Would the NIH policy destroy the ACS?, A Scientist and the Web, March 25, 2009. Murray-Rust's response to the following question:
Molly Redden, Kevin Donovan talks about Students for Free Culture at Georgetown, Vox Populi, March 23, 2009.
Overlay journal infrastructure for Meteorological Sciences was a JISC-funded project which ended February 28. (Thanks to Branwen Hide.)
The main aim is to develop the mechanisms which could support both a new Journal of Meteorological Data and an Open-Access Repository for documents related to the meteorological sciences.See also the project site and this poster on the project.
U.S. Department of Energy Office of Scientific & Technical Information, View, store, slice, dice research data to suit your science program needs, as OSTI continues expanding access, OSTI News, March 17, 2009. (Thanks to ResourceShelf.)
Government and university research programs as well as other organizations that want to store and manipulate DOE project summary data in their own analysis systems can now do so using the R&D Project XML Service (see the R&D Project XML Service Manual at the DOE R&D Project Summaries database Information page). This service allows research programs and others to specify data in their areas of interest and, using a search query, view, store and use in alternate ways – including data mining – summaries of ongoing or recently completed research projects. Projects are conducted by the DOE laboratories and research facilities in a range of disciplines in energy, science, and technology. This service is the newest feed available, as OSTI continues to offer expanded access and tools for re-use of research and development data. ...
Anders Rydholm and Olle Svensson, New format, Open Access, and online pre-publication, Acta Orthopaedica, February 1, 2009. Excerpt:
Gideon Emcee Christian, Open Access Institutional Repository in Academic and Research Institutions in Nigeria, a slide presentation from December 2008. (Thanks to eIFL.)
Robert Kiley, Finding funder attributed papers in UKPMC, UK PubMed Central Blog, March 19, 2009.
Gideon Burton, Academia must divest from Intellectual Apartheid, Academic Evolution, March 21, 2009.
Mike Cook, EPUB books now available at Project Gutenberg, Project Gutenberg News, March 20, 2009. (Thanks to ResourceShelf.)
See also Peter's recent post on public domain titles from Google Book Search being made available for the Sony Reader.
Evaluation and analysis of Open Accessed Anthropology Journals (Part 1), Sara Anthro Blog, March 24, 2009. An analysis of the language(s) of anthropology journals listed in the DOAJ.
Martin Boosen, Institutionelle Repositorien in Deutschland, Master's thesis at Cologne University of Applied Sciences, 2008. English abstract:
The concept of the institutional repository is currently discussed in library science and in practice around the globe. Many universities hope for significant advantages caused by publishing servers collecting the outflow of their scientific institutions as electronic documents and providing them via internet. If nothing else they count on a huge advertising impact for their own institution. For this reason, in recent years, many universities and scientific institutions in Germany as in the rest of the world decided to build their own document server. From the beginning, there has been a close link between this approach and the international open-access movement. Not a few represent the view, both concepts could create a decisive influence on the changing system of scientific publishing. But contrary to the initial optimistic estimates, many operators of this type of archive servers today find themselves confronted with significant difficulties. In this regard primarily the lack of acceptance by the scientific authors proves to be a fundamental problem that may threaten the success of the concept.
See also our past posts on the DOAJ.
At several of its 2008 board meeting, the Swedish Research Council (Vetenskapsrådet, or VR) considered adopting an OA mandate for VR-funded research. However, at its December 2008 meeting it decided to postpone the decision on the ground that not enough Swedish universities had institutional repositories.
The VR explained its decision in a press release on December 22, 2008. Read it in Swedish or Google's English. The decision was based on an October 2008 survey of Sweden's 42 universities by the Association of Swedish Higher Education (Sveriges universitets- och högskoleförbund, or SUHF), in which only 15 said they had IRs. A few said they didn't have one and would soon. Most, apparently, didn't respond.
(In the rest of her article, Rabow describes a proposal for an EU-wide PubMed Central, modeled on UKPMC.)
The first 2009 issue of ScieComm is now online. (It's labeled vol. 1, no. 1, but should be vol. 5, no. 1.) Here are the OA-related articles:
U.S. President Barack Obama's nominees to head the Office of Science and Technology Policy and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, John Holdren and Jane Lubchenco, were confirmed by the Senate on March 19. (Thanks to Science Progress.)
Elie Dolgin, India debates open access, The Scientist, March 24, 2009. Excerpt:
PS: Also see our past posts on OA initiative from India's CSIR.
Update (3/26/09). Also see Amulya Gopalakrishnan's article in Indian Express.
Update (3/29/09). Also see Sreelatha Menon's article in the Business Standard.
Jeffrey Young, MIT Professors Approve Campuswide Policy to Publish Scholarly Articles Free Online, Chronicle of Higher Education News Blog, March 23, 2009. Excerpt:
Jennifer Howard, Humanities Journals Confront Identity Crisis, Chronicle of Higher Education, March 27, 2009. Excerpt:
John Willinsky, A (Publishing) House Divided: Scholarly Publishers In Support and Opposition to Public Access to Research, Slaw.ca, March 18, 2009. Excerpt:
The April issue of Walt Crawford's Cites & Insights is now online. This issue contains a special section on Library Access to Scholarship. It has a bit on OA and a lot on whether journals should evolve into blogs. Excerpt:
Two stories on the University of Michigan Press:
(1) Jennifer Howard, U. of Michigan Press Reorganizes as a Unit of the Library, Chronicle of Higher Education, March 23, 2009. Excerpt:
(2) Nevertheless, the Michigan monographs will not be OA. For details, see Scott Jaschik, Farewell to the Printed Monograph, Inside Higher Ed, March 23, 2009. Excerpt:
Update (3/24/09). Also see UM's press release.
Jennifer Howard, Publishers Face Pressure From Libraries to Freeze Prices and Cut Deals, Chronicle of Higher Education, March 27, 2009. Excerpt:
PS: Also see the the ARL Statement to Scholarly Publishers on the Global Economic Crisis, released last month, and the ICOLC Statement on the Global Economic Crisis and Its Impact on Consortial Licenses, released in January.
Richard J. Roberts, Protect our access to medical research, Boston Globe, March 23, 2009. An op-ed. Roberts won the 1993 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Excerpt:
Dennis Carter, MIT makes research available on the web, eSchool News, March 23, 2009. Excerpt:
The Heidelberg Appeal is a sign-on petition (in German) against Google Books which appeared recently on the web site of Heidelberg's Institut für Textkritik (ITK). The gist of it is that Google Books violates copyright and the freedom of authors. But in an aside it criticizes the Allianz der deutschen Wissenschaftsorganisationen (Alliance for German Science Organizations) for advocating an unlawful interference with the freedom of authors, apparently by supporting OA. Read the petition in German or Google's English.
The authors of the petition do not identify themselves. It may be a coincidence, but ITK is the home institution of Roland Reuß, who triggered an intense controversy with a jeremiad against OA last month in the Frankfurter Allgemeiner Zeitung. He has also condemned Google Books.
PS: Also see our past posts on the Allianz der deutschen Wissenschaftsorganisationen.
Update (3/26/09). Also see Christian Hauschke's extensive collection of other responses to the Heidelberg Appeal. (Thanks to Klaus Graf.) Read Hauschke's page in German or Google's English.