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I'll be on the road Sunday and Monday, and perhaps Tuesday, with few opportunities for blogging or email. But Gavin will be on the job and I'll start to catch up myself on Tuesday or Wednesday.
Here are some more comments from the press and blogosphere on the re-introduction of the Conyers bill (a.k.a. Fair Copyright in Research Works Act, HR 801), which would overturn the OA policy at the NIH. Also see our past collections (1, 2).
From The Bioinformationista:
From Molly Kleinman:
From Mike Masnick at TechDirt:
From Corey Williams at the ALA District Dispatch:
Finally, Slashdot now has a thread on the bill.
The Budapest Open Access Initiative is seven years old today.
It hasn't been forgotten and hasn't even gotten stale. For me, it's as fresh and vibrant as ever, and grows in importance as the underlying idea spreads and takes root.
Released on February 14, 2002, the BOAI "statement of principle,...statement of strategy, and...statement of commitment" was the first to offer a public definition of OA, the first to use the term "open access", the first to call for OA journals and OA repositories as complementary strategies, the first to call for OA in all disciplines and countries, and the first to be accompanied by significant funding. A good number of OA projects were already under way, but the BOAI helped to catalyze the OA movement and give it energy, unity, and identity.
(Disclosure: I helped draft the BOAI and receive support from the Open Society Institute, which funded the BOAI.)
Happy birthday, BOAI, and many happy returns.
And to all who are working for OA worldwide, Happy Valentines Day.
Sarah Boseley, Drug giant GlaxoSmithKline pledges cheap medicine for world's poor, The Guardian, February 13, 2009.
Comment. The changes are stunning. It's a remarkable about-face from an industry that has been perhaps the most outspoken advocate of the sanctity of patents. In the news so far, there's no word of any information that will become OA (in our sense) that wasn't previously, but it may be an indicator of a willingness to experiment with sharing, even in fields that were previously most resistant.
... Transparency is a major issue. Witty has pledged to publish all clinical trial data, whether positive or negative - and be open about GSK's payments to doctors. ...
The OA American Journal of Translational Research has released its first issue. The International Journal of Physiology, Pathophysiology and Pharmacology has released pre-press articles for its first issue. Both are published by e-Century Publishing Corporation. The publishing fee is $100/page, subject to discount and waiver. Authors retain copyright and articles are released under the Creative Commons Attribution License. (Thanks to Giorgio Bertin.)
See also our past post on e-Century.
Official Notification of Authors and Publishers About Google Book Search Copyright Settlement in Progress, press release, February 11, 2009.
See also our past posts on the settlement.
Cory Doctorow, Hard data on ebook piracy versus sales -- slides from O'Reilly Tools of Change for Publishing panel, Boing Boing, February 12, 2009.
Last summer Tilburg University launched an Open Access Publishing Fund as a one-year experiment, set to expire at the end of August 2009. The fund helps faculty pay publication fees at fee-based OA journals. Delft University of Technology launched a fund in April 2008 and the Wageningen University and Research Center launched a fund in 2006. (Thanks to Marijke van der Ploeg.)
Comment. Kudos to Tilburg, Delft, and Wageningen for their willingness to support gold OA. There are now more than a dozen universities with similar funds. On the other hand, any university willing to pay these fees should also be willing to adopt a strong policy to ensure green OA for its research output (or for the research that isn't already gold OA). The green and gold strategies are compatible and complementary. But a green OA policy costs less and covers all the peer-reviewed articles published by faculty, regardless of the journals in which they choose to publish.
John Schwartz, An Effort to Upgrade a Court Archive System to Free and Easy, New York Times, February 12, 2009. (Thanks to LISNews.)
See also the related post from the Times' Lede blog.
See also our past posts on PACER.
Comment. Kudos to all involved. I applaud the mandatory language, the maximum six month embargo, the choice of repositories for researchers, and the public support for the launch of new repositories.
Also see our past post anticipating the new draft law.
Columbia University Joins European Economics Consortium, press release, February 12, 2009.
See also our past post on Columbia joining Nereus.
U.S. President Barack Obama's nominees to head the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the Office of Science and Technology Policy, John Holdren and Jane Lubchenco, received a confirmation hearing from the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, & Transportation yesterday. Obama's nominee for Solicitor General, Elena Kagan, received a confirmation hearing from the Judiciary Committee on February 10. The Senate has yet to vote on their confirmations. Reports suggest both hearings went favorably to the nominees.
We previously wrote about Lubchenco's and Kagan's connections with OA. Holdren, who would become Obama's de facto science advisor, could have significant influence on OA policy, but we were not previously able to find any references to his views on or familiarity with OA. His opening remarks at the committee hearing suggest a general outlook, but with few specifics:
... Information technology has been a key driver of our productivity growth in recent decades and has fundamentally changed the way people worldwide communicate and work. But we have just seen the beginning of what can be achieved. Information technology has vast potential to improve health care, increase energy efficiency, monitor climate and other environmental conditions, and manage the immense amounts of data from scientific efforts from the Human Genome Project to the Large Hadron Collider. ...
Eric Steuer, YouTube Tests Download and Creative Commons License Options, Creative Commons, February 12, 2009.
Congress Again Sets Sights on Toxics Right to Know, OMB Watch, February 10, 2009.
See also our past posts on the EPA TRI program.
I don't know either, but it's a good question. From Gil Kalai:
Stevan Harnad, Universities and their IRs Can Help Monitor Compliance With Funder Mandates, Open Access Archivangelism, February 9, 2009.
From the body of the post, quoting Gerry Lawson of NERC:
Stevan Harnad, OA Mandates: Location, Location, Location, Open Access Archivangelism, February 9, 2009.
Mark Long, Publishing Conferences: The Changing Landscape of Scholarly Communication in the Digital Age 2009, TSTC Publishing’s Book Business Blog, February 12, 2009. Notes on The Changing Landscape of Scholarly Communication In the Digital Age (College Station, Texas, February 11-13, 2009), on these sessions:
Jamene Brooks-Kieffer, ER&L 2009: Managing free e-resource collections, Conference Reports, February 12, 2009. Notes on Electronic Resources & Libraries (Los Angeles, February 9-12, 2009), on the session "Managing freely available e-resource collections with today's vendor provided OpenURL knowledgebases: A challenge in quality control".
María-Francisca Abad-Garcí, et al., Viabilidad de repositorios de biomedicina y ciencias de la salud en la Comunidad Valenciana, El Profesional de la Informacion, March-April 2008; self-archived February 12, 2009. English abstract:
Self-archiving was studied in 3,495 papers in 109 core journals that published 50% of Valencia's scientific production in biomedical and health sciences included in the 2000-2004 ISI databases. The effectiveness of self-archiving is analyzed with respect to the feasibility of launching open access institutional and subject-specific repositories. Data were obtained from the Sherpa/Romeo database. Self-archiving is favourable for the implementation of institutional repositories because 56.8% of papers could be immediately deposited, a percentage that increases to 72% after a period of embargo and to 87% when papers published in full text journals are included. The feasibility of establishing biomedical and health science repositories for the Valencian Community is questionable, due to the fact that most publishers will not grant permission for inclusion in a repository unless mandated by the research funding agency, a practice lacking in our country at present.
Mary Anne Kennan and Danny Kingsley, The state of the nation: A snapshot of Australian institutional repositories, First Monday, February 2, 2009. Abstract:
This paper provides the first full description of the status of Australian institutional repositories. Australia presents an interesting case because of the government’s support of institutional repositories and open access. A survey of all 39 Australian universities conducted in September 2008 shows that 32 institutions have active repositories and by end of 2009, 37 should have repositories. The total number of open access items has risen dramatically since January 2006. Five institutions reported they have an institution–wide open access mandate, and eight are planning to implement one. Only 20 universities have funding for their repository staff and 24 universities have funding for their repository platform, either as ongoing recurrent budgeting or absorbed into their institutions’ budgets. The remaining are still project funded. The platform most frequently used for Australian repositories is Fedora with Vital. Most of the remaining sites use EPrints or DSpace.
Andy Powell has a series of posts critiquing repository usability and Web-friendliness (embrace of Web standards, search engine optimization, etc.):
Update. See also this response from Herbert Van de Sompel (thanks to Fabrizio Tinti):
... The purpose of the write-up is to try and alleviate some of Andy's pain regarding the status quo of scholarly repositories: while the current situation may indeed not be perfect, a possible solution may not be too hard to establish. ...
Sophia Jones, On behalf of DRIVER: "Your Opinion Matters!", posted to SPARC-OAForum, February 12, 2009.
Paul C. Boutros, et al., Prognostic gene signatures for non-small-cell lung cancer, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, February 4, 2009. (Thanks to Jim Till.)
... We have validated our 6-gene signature in 8 of 11 recent NSCLC microarray studies ... This extensive validation was only possible because of the public availability of a large number of previous studies, highlighting the benefit of earlier work in the field. ...David Braue, Vic Govt limited Google's bushfire map, ZDNet Australia, February 12, 2009.
A few recent updates on ticTOCs, the OA index of journal table of contents:
Terry Bucknell, Opening the box: we’ve exposed the ticTOCs data, News from ticTOCs, February 11, 2009.
We’ve answered the call of developers like the Robot Librarian by providing a simple tab-delimited text file that contains all of the titles, ISSNs and feed URIs. in the ticTOCs directory of TOC feeds. Just go to [here]. We’re still developing more flexible APIs, but this is what we’ve been asked to provide in the interim so that is what we have provided! ...
Roddy MacLeod, Improvements to ticTOCs, the Journal Tables of Contents Service, News from ticTOCs, February 11, 2009.
We’ve made a few cosmetic improvements to the ticTOCs website. [Note: omitting list of changes] ...
Roddy MacLeod, Six ways to use ticTOCs, the free journal tables of contents service, News from ticTOCs, February 12, 2009.
There’s a number of different ways that you can use ticTOCs - the journal tables of contents service. These are my top six: [Note: omitting list] ...
See also our past posts on ticTOCs.
ALA, ARL, ACRL Host Meeting of Experts to Discuss Google Book Search Settlement, District Dispatch, February 12, 2009.
Kaitlin Mara, Proponents Explore Designs For Prizes To Aid Neglected Disease Research, Intellectual Property Watch, February 12, 2009.
See also our past post on the open source dividend.
Ray English has won the 2009 Hugh C. Atkinson Award from the American Library Association. See the ALA press release or the press release from Oberlin College, where Ray is the Director of Libraries. From the latter:
Elie Dolgin, Heather Joseph: Q&A, The Scientist, February 9, 2009. Heather Joseph is the executive director of SPARC, and one of the four witnesses testifying at last September's hearing before the House Judiciary Committee on the NIH policy and the Conyers bill. Excerpt:
Jennifer Howard, At Publishers' Conference, the Digital Future Is (Almost) Now, Chronicle of Higher Education, February 9, 2009 (accessible only to subscribers). Excerpt:
Four US non-profit organizations supporting research universities have released The University’s Role in the Dissemination of Research and Scholarship — A Call to Action, February 2009. The four organizations the Association of American Universities, Association of Research Libraries, Coalition for Networked Information, and National Association of State Universities and Land Grant Colleges. Excerpt:
Also see today's press release.
Update. The ARL has released some Talking Points for ARL Library Directors, to accompany the new call to action.
The presentations from the ENCES workshop, Copyright Regulation in Europe – An Enabling or Disabling Factor for Science Communication (November 13-15, 2008), are now online.
Penn Libraries and Kirtas Technologies team up to make more than 200,000 books available for research and purchase, a press release from Kirtas, February 12, 2009. (Thanks to Charles Bailey.) Excerpt:
Comment. I talked to Todd Whiting at Kirtas about this program and have his permission to post what I learned. (Thanks, Todd.) When Kirtas digitizes a book at a user's request, it will offer to sell both digital and POD editions of the book. The "content partner" --in this case, the University of Pennsylvania-- determines the price of the digital edition and the DRM restrictions, if any. If Penn chooses, the digital editions could be distributed free of charge and free of DRM. Kirtas will cover its costs through sales of the POD editions. In any case, Penn will get its own digital edition, free of charge and free of DRM.
Also see our past posts on Kirtas book-digitization projects.
Show Us the Data is a new campaign by the Center for Democracy & Technology and Open the Government inviting the public to identify the "most wanted government documents, reports or data sets that should be on the Web" but aren't. Nominations and votes are being accepted through March 9, 2009. See the CDT blog post or press release, or the post at the Sunlight Foundation blog.
Federal Player of the Week, Washington Post, February 9, 2009.
See also our past posts on Lipman.
From the draft letter:
Many journals combine open access and open review, but some are finding that open review is not working as well as they wanted.
Nikolaus Kriegeskorte is thinking about how to make open review work better. See his full-length elaboration of the idea, Open post-publication peer review, his abridged version, and his FAQ. Excerpt from the full-length elaboration:
A jeremiad against OA, calling it "immoral and reprehensible" (unsittlich und verwerflich).
Comments on the article are growing fast.
Update (2/18/09). Gudrun Gersmann has written a rebuttal, Wer hat Angst vor Open Access? Frankfurter Allgemeiner Zeitung, February 18, 2009. Read it in German or Google's English. (Thanks to Klaus Graf.)
Carolina Rossini, The Need for a "Knowledge Web" for Scholarship, The Publius Project, February 5, 2009. Excerpt:
Stevan Harnad, Napoleon, the Hexagon, and the Question of Where to Mandate Deposit, Open Access Archivangelism, February 9, 2009.
SUMMARY: What France -- exactly like every other country -- needs is both funder and institutional Open Access (OA) mandates, requiring the self-archiving of all refereed research output immediately upon acceptance for publication, and all converging on single-locus deposit in the researcher's own Institutional Repository (IR). (It is completely irrelevant to this whether or not the IR happens to be hosted by HAL, France's national Central Repository [CR], which is designed so as to be able in principle to give every university or institution in France its own "virtual IR" if the institution so wishes.) But if funder mandates leave locus-of-deposit open, or insist on generic deposit in some CR or other, then OA's slumbering giant -- the universities and institutions that are the providers of all research output, funded and unfunded, in all fields, virtually none of which yet mandate the deposit of their institutional research output in their IRs -- will just keep hibernating: Institutional (and departmental, laboratory) mandates will not be adopted, most researchers (85%) will not self-archive anywhere (in either an IR or a CR), and what IRs there are will continue to lie fallow. Apart from the funder-mandated research -- and the few fields (such as computer science, economics and physics) where researchers have already been self-archiving spontaneously for years worldwide -- the CRs will of course be in exactly the same state as the IRs.Jenny Delasalle, Duplication of deposit requirements, WRAP repository blog, February 10, 2009.
Trinity University has formed a working group to consider adopting an OA mandate.
Jan Velterop, Deploring or exploring? The Parachute, February 10, 2009. Excerpt:
Comment. This is a brilliant analogy. I've often argued for conclusions close to those Jan is drawing here. But without the benefit of his simple, vivid, beautiful analogy, or any other analogy, these conclusions can sound dry and abstract: that OA facilitates machine processing and not just human reading; that "information overload" is an opportunity for superior discovery tools, not a burden; that OA scales to meet the opportunity and TA doesn't; that TA fears abundance and enforces artificial scarcity; and that text mining is an incentive to make work OA. Next time I'll borrow this analogy.
Here are some more comments from the press and blogosphere on the re-introduction of the Conyers bill (a.k.a. Fair Copyright in Research Works Act, HR 801), which would overturn the OA policy at the NIH. Also see our first collection of comments.
From Michael Eisen at It is NOT Junk:
From Stevan Harnad at Open Access Archivangelism:
From Greg Laden at his Greg Laden's Blog:
PS: See our past posts on the Authors Guild.
Starting now, it's no longer just my work, but the work of all who contribute. I plan to continue as a contributor.
I've enjoyed working on this timeline, and I'm proud of it. But I can no longer do it justice. For example, until this year I'd always been able to bring it up to date before publishing my year-end review of OA. But this year I just couldn't find the time.
It's respectably thorough from the first stirrings of the OA movement through the end of 2007. But it needs a lot of work for 2008 and 2009. If you want to help, you can find the raw material by searching or browsing the OAN archive or in the monthly round-up section of SOAN.
Remember that OAD is a wiki and depends on users to keep its lists comprehensive, accurate, and up to date.
I thank Nancy Pontika for the difficult job of converting the HTML edition to wiki format.
Thanks to Brock Meeks of CDT for the alert and these comments:
PS: Kudos to all involved. See our past posts on the many efforts to break through the secrecy and toll access to share these useful reports with the public.
Update (2/11/09). Also see Brian Krebs' article in today's Washington Post:
India's OA Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) is making good on its plan to share its contents with patent offices around the world in order to establish prior art and invalidate bogus patents. See yesterday's press release from the Indian government:
PS: Also see our past posts on the TKDL.
The text of the OA policy adopted by the Spanish principality of Asturias, which we previously posted, is now available. The policy is dated January 12. The host repository, Repositorio Institucional de Asturias (RIA), is also now open. (Thanks to Raquel Lavandera Fernández.)
Comment. The text of the policy appears to be as previously reported: requiring deposit in RIA and allowing up to a 6 month embargo. The policy also includes a requirement that (if I understand correctly) employment and bid contracts for research conducted on behalf of the government include a clause assigning IP rights to the government, with a share of any royalties accruing to the author, and that the government will deposit these works in RIA as appropriate. I'm not a lawyer, let alone a Spanish lawyer, but the structure of the policy suggests (to me) that this latter condition is not intended to apply to scientific grantees.
Some recent news items on OA to public sector information:
Five journals were accepted to Revues.org in January. As with other Revues.org titles, the journals will be either immediate or delayed OA. See the February 6 announcement in the original French or in Google's English. The titles:
Brewster Kahle, Yiddish literature goes online, Internet Archive, February 7, 2009.
Over ten thousand Yiddish texts, estimated as over 1/2 of all the published works in Yiddish, are now online based on the work of the National Yiddish Book Center, volunteers, and the Internet Archive. ...See also the press release or the New York Times story.
Update (3/16/09). On the downside (for OA, not for Yiddish), 10k turns out to be much less than half the number of published books in Yiddish. On the upside (for Yiddish and perhaps one day for OA as well) over 1.5 million Yiddish books have been saved from oblivion. (Thanks to The BookCalendar.)
From the memorandum of Naresh Kumar, Head of CSIR's R&D Planning Division, to the directors of all CSIR labs (and others), February 6, 2009:
Comment. This is not an OA mandate, but a request or recommendation that individual labs adopt their own mandates. But it should carry weight, and it's unusually comprehensive: not only that the labs launch IRs and mandate OA (green or gold), but that CSIR itself convert all its journals to OA. Kudos to the members of GOASP for making a strong case, and kudos to the CSIR leadership for taking it up.
Here are three recent developments on US research funding. The OA connection is indirect: where we have OA mandates in place, such as the NIH, then higher funding translates into new OA literature and lower funding reminds us of the need to maximize at least the return on our national investment in research. Where we don't have OA mandates in place, both the rise and fall of funding remind us of the lost opportunity to make publicly-funded research more useful to all those who depend on it.
Heather Morrison, Canada, let's fix the open access policy loophole BEFORE we harmonize, Imaginary Journal of Poetic Economics, February 8, 2009. Excerpt:
Comment. Hear, hear. See my original criticism of the loophole in the CIHR policy (September 2007). Also see my subsequent criticism of OA policy loopholes, most recently in point #10 of my article in the February SOAN published last week:
Peter Sefton, Scholarly Publishing using the Integrated Content Environment, ptsefton, December 11, 2008.
See also our past posts on the ICE.
Gideon Burton, Podcast #004: Open Access and the Institutional Repository, Academic Evolution, February 7, 2009.
In this interview with [Brigham Young University] Scholarly Communications Librarian Jeff Belliston, we discuss how Open Access can bring broader impact and exposure for scholarship--especially if scholars will preserve copyright so they can deposit their work in an institutional repository ...
Ulf-Dietrich Reips and Uwe Matzat, High Impact of a Start-Up Journal - Surprisingly so?, International Journal of Internet Science 3(1), 2008. An editorial.
Poornima Narayana, National Symposium on Open Access and Building Institutional Repositories, National Aerospace Laboratories. A report on the conference of the same name (Bangalore, January 21-23, 2009). Excerpt:
Stephanie L. Plotin, Legal Scholarship, Electronic Publishing, and Open Access: Transformation or Steadfast Stagnation? Law Library Journal, Winter 2009. (Thanks to Michel-Adrien Sheppard.) Excerpt:
Rufus Pollock, Comments on the Science Commons Protocol for Implementing Open Access Data, Open Knowledge Foundation Blog, February 9, 2009.
Paul Miller, Cliff Lynch talks about the role of universities in disseminating and preserving scholarship, Xiphos, February 5, 2009. A 50-minute interview with Cliff Lynch.
... We discuss Cliff’s views on the roles that institutions could - and should - play in ensuring widespread dissemination of the results of their scholarship, their rather different obligations with respect to stewardship of the scholarly resource, and the role that technology plays in both. ...
Eric Lease Morgan, Top Tech Trends for ALA Mid-Winter, 2009, LITA Blog, February 9, 2009. Excerpt:
Viresh Ratnakar, Guillaume Poncin, Brandon Badger, and Frances Haugen, 1.5 million books in your pocket, Inside Google Book Search, February 5, 2009.
PS: One important resource missing from the summary is PhilPapers, which entered its public beta on January 28, 2009. A project of David Chalmers and David Bourget, PhilPapers is an OA repository open to papers on all topics in the field.
Barbara Quint, OCLC and Open Access: Riding to the Rescue or Rustling the Herd?, Information Today, February 5, 2009.
OCLC Board of Trustees, Members Council name Review Board of Shared Data Creation and Stewardship, press release, February 6, 2009.
Charles Lowry (ed.), Transformational Times: An Environmental Scan Prepared for the ARL Strategic Plan Review Task Force, ARL, February 2009. Excerpt:
From the section by CARL on Canadian trends:
The Econometric Society announced on February 4 that it would begin publishing a new OA journal, Quantitative Economics, starting in 2010. It will also adopt the OA journal Theoretical Economics, currently published by the Society for Economic Theory. (Thanks to Brendan Rapple.)
... Each new journal will initially publish three issues per year. In addition to electronic publication, they will also be printed, with printing and postage costs covered by an extra charge to print subscribers of the new journals. Composition and editorial costs will be financed by a combination of submission fees, general Society funds, and a modest increase in general membership and subscription rates. ...
The new issue of OCLC Systems & Services is part 3 in its series of special issues on "open access and scholarly communication". See especially: