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Update (1/25/09). A sentence in my comment yesterday was imprecise: "This may be an innovation for Britannica, but it's not the way to compete with Wikipedia." Let me distinguish competing with Wikipedia (1) for quality, (2) for scope, and (3) for eyeballs and links. Britannica is already competitive with Wikipedia for quality, and the limited nature of its new wiki-like features is designed to preserve its quality. (Conversely, Wikipedia is competitive with Britannica for quality.) Britannica will never be competitive with Wikipedia in scope and isn't apparently trying, which is wise. Hutcheon's article suggested, however, that Britannica is trying to compete with Wikipedia for eyeballs and links. In passages I didn't include in my excerpt, Cauz criticized Google for ranking Wikipedia articles above Britannica articles, as if Google rank were about quality, or as if the quantity of links to TA articles would ever rival the quantity of links to OA articles. When I said that Britannica hadn't found a way to compete with Wikipedia, I was referring to eyeballs and links. Entirely apart from Britannica's quality, and its partial openness to user contributions, it will never compete for eyeballs and links as long as the bulk of its content is TA. (Disclosure: I'm on the advisory board of the Wikimedia Foundation.)
Correction (1/25/09). My information on Brockhaus is outdated. Here's better information from Mathias Schindler, posted with permission (thanks Mathias):
Christopher Kelty, Two Bits at Six Months, Savage Minds, January 24, 2009. Excerpt:
PS: Also see our past posts on Kelty.
Libertarian Papers is a new peer-reviewed OA journal of libertarian thought. The inaugural issue from January 2009 is now online. (Thanks to Kimmo Kuusela.) From the about page, a libertarian defense of OA:
Clara López Guzmán and 19 co-authors, 3R-Red de Repositorios Universitarios de Recursos Digitales : informe de la etapa 3: desarrollo del sistema y de aplicaciones, an unpublished September 2007 report from the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), self-archived January 21, 2009. The report is in Spanish with an English-language abstract:
India has launched the beta edition of Agropedia, a publicly-funded, wiki-based repository of Indian agricultural research. From the site:
For more details, see M. Sreelata's article in SciDev.Net, India debuts 'agricultural Wikipedia', January 21, 2009. Excerpt:
A few updates on U.S. President Barack Obama's first days in office:
Update. See also this February 2 press release from the National Library of Medicine, PubMed Central Adds Historically Significant Journal of the National Medical Association (1909-2007) to Its Free Online Holdings:
Andrew D. Johnson and Christopher J. O'Donnell, An Open Access Database of Genome-wide Association Results, BMC Medical Genetics, January 22, 2009. Abstract:
Comment. The datasets compiled by the researchers is provided in links at the end of the article.
Academic Journals has a large number of new and planned OA journals listed on its Web site. Journals are published under the Creative Commons Attribution License, but authors transfer copyright to the publisher. The article-processing charge appears to be $550 at each journal, subject to waiver. (Thanks to Norzaidi Mohd Daud.) Organized by launch date:
First issue in January 2009:
Planned for March 2009:
Planned for April 2009:
Planned for May 2009:
The World Health Organization has released detailed cost estimates and time frames for implementing its Global Strategy and Plan of Action on Public Health, Innovation and Intellectual Property. For background, see posts at IP Watch or Knowledge Ecology International. From IP Watch:
... This list of expected costs is one of the outstanding elements on the plan of action the WHO secretariat had been tasked with completing by this week’s Executive Board meeting. The board, which advises and makes recommendations to the annual WHO World Health Assembly, is meeting from 19 to 27 January. ...Funding for the OA element is included with costs to establish public health libraries; from the WHO document:
Zhen Lei, Rakhi Juneja, and Brian D Wright, Patents versus patenting: implications of intellectual property protection for biological research, Nature Biotechnology, 27 (2009) pp. 36-40. (Thanks to Michael Geist.) Excerpt
Also see the Supplementary information at the journal web site.
Stevan Harnad, The fundamental importance of capturing cited-reference metadata in Institutional Repository deposits, Open Access Archivangelism, January 22, 2009. Excerpt:
If you remember, Google Book Search tends to block access to users outside the US, even when they try to click through to books that are in the public domain in both the US and the user's country (1, 2, 3, 4, 5).
Klaus Graf has posted instructions on how non-US users can create a US proxy and regain access.
Comment. Google: Why does it have to be this difficult?
Charles Ellwood Jones has compiled a list of 15 Croatian Open Access Archaeology Journals.
Rufus Pollock, Open Data Commons now at the OKF, Open Knowledge Foundation Blog, January 22, 2009. Excerpt:
The InterAcademy Panel on International Issues (IAP) has launched a new Program on Digital Knowledge Resources and Infrastructure in Developing Countries. From the site:
Thanks to Paul Uhlir for the alert and for adding these details:
Thanks to Paul Uhlir for the alert and this note:
Jennifer Howard, Archive Watch: Bohemian Rhapsody, Wired Campus, January 20, 2009. Interview with Edward Whitley, editorial director of The Vault at Pfaff’s, an OA "archive of art and literature by New York's nineteenth-century Bohemians".
3R (Red de Repositorios Universitarios de Recursos Digitales) is a project to develop a network of repositories at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. See this set of presentations on the project, recently self-archived, in Spanish with English abstracts:
The 3R project is part of a UNAM's megaproject. This project consists of 4 stages: research, conceptual models, development and implementation. The project aims to create the prototype of a network of repositories of UNAM, which will allow greater use and visibility of the intellectual output of the members of the community. ...See also our past post which mentioned the 3R project.
Robert Darnton, Google and the Future of Books, The New York Review of Books, February 12, 2009. Darnton is the Director of the Harvard University Library. At his direction, Harvard's is the first and largest library to refuse to participate in the Google settlement. Excerpt:
Digital Karnak is a recently-launched project at the University of California at Los Angeles to
... (1) to assemble databases of information related to Karnak, (2) build an interactive computer model of the site, and (3) create a series of resources using the model and databases that are available online free-of-charge through this website and can be easily used for undergraduate education. ...See also the article in Wired Campus.
Expanded green and gold routes to open access at Nature Publishing Group, a press release from the Nature Publishing Group, January 22, 2009. Excerpt:
Also see today's press release on the the new OA and deposit service from Molecular Therapy.
Fleur Stigter, Who and What Drives Driver? Tell Fleur, January 19, 2009. Excerpt:
Michael Nielsen, The role of open licensing in open science, Michael Nielsen, January 21, 2009.
Wendy M. Grossman, Why you can't find a library book in your search engine, The Guardian, January 22, 2009.
University of Michigan and OCLC form partnership to ensure long-term access to OAIster database, a press release from OCLC, January 21, 2009. Excerpt:
Update (1/22/09). Also see Dorothea Salo's comments.
Update (1/28/09). Dorothea Salo has posted some clarifications from OCLC about the OAIster deal.
M. S. Vijay Kumar, Opening Up Education: The Collective Advancement of Education through Open Technology, Open Content, and Open Knowledge, presented at EDUCAUSE Live!, October 17, 2008.
See also our previous post on the book of the same name, edited by Kumar.
Kaitlin Mara, WHO Members Make Informal Progress On Plan Of Action As Executive Board Opens, Intellectual Property Watch, January 20, 2009.
Comment. To be clear, nothing official was decided this week. But the idea is for influential member states to line up in advance, preparing the way for official agreement. We should hear this week or next if the Executive Board follows.
OA for publicly-funded research was part of the discussions for a R&D treaty. See also our past posts on the R&D treaty.
Publishing Research Consortium, Journal authors’ rights: perceptions and reality, presentation, undated but apparently recent. Preliminary report of a forthcoming paper.
The study, conducted for the publishing industry, compares what authors think journal agreements permit them to do with their work with a survey of journal policies. From the conclusions:
Mandy Garner, The University of Europe: accessible to all, The Guardian, undated but published on January 16, 2009. Excerpt:
PS: Also see our past posts on EURASIP.
Javier Pérez Iglesias, 3ras Jornadas de OS-Repositorios: de la creación de repositorios institucionales a su promoción, El profesional de la información, January 16, 2009. Notes on La proyección de los repositorios institucionales (Madrid, December 10-12, 2008). Read it in the original Spanish or Google's English.
Jonathan Gray, What Obama can do to promote openness, Open Knowledge Foundation Blog, January 20, 2009.
eIFL has posted reports on three OA conferences:
Great Reform Act plans for Scotland go online, National Library of Scotland, January 7, 2009.
Columbia University Libraries and the National Library of Korea to Digitize Rare Books, press release, January 15, 2009.
From SPARC's longer profile of McAfee:
PS: Congratulations, Preston!
Bo-Christer Björk, Annikki Roos, and Mari Lauri, Scientific journal publishing: yearly volume and open access availability, Information Research, March 2009. Abstract:
R. John Robertson, Mahendra Mahey, and Julie Allinson, An ecological approach to repository and service interactions, JISC, Version 1.5, October 2008. Though dated October 2008, apparently it wasn't made public until January 5, 2009. Excerpt:
Update. Also see Dorothea Salo's comments.
PS: In the past, Springer has struck similar deals with the Max Planck Society (blogged here February 2008), the University of Göttingen (October 2007), and the Dutch library consortium, UKB or Universiteitsbibliotheken en de Koninklijke Bibliotheek (June 2007).
Update (1/22/09). Also see Andrew Albanese's article in today's Library Journal Academic Newswire. Excerpt:
The announcement...clearly marks a watershed moment for the open access movement: it is the first large-scale open access licensing deal between a major, state-wide library in the United States and the world’s second largest commercial journal publisher --a deal that, if successful, could have a significant impact on the wider marketplace for scholarly journals.
More detail from the UoL Library Blog, quoting an offline press release:
PS: Also see our past posts on EThOS.
Update (1/23/09). Owen Stephens, the Project Director for EThOSNet, wrote to add this clarification (posted with permission):
Also see his detailed blog post from January 20:
Seth Grimes, The Real Data Liberation Initiative, Intelligent Enterprise, January 15, 2009. Excerpt:
You know the main arguments for President Obama to reverse the Bush restrictions on federally-funded stem cell research.
Here's a good one you may not have heard, from Deirdre Madden of the University College Cork Law Department:
Update. Also see Toni Brayer:
Michael Geist, Fire Up the Digital Jobs Machine, The Tyee, January 20, 2009. Excerpt:
Gavin Baker, What are the factors inhibiting OA? A Journal of Insignificant Inquiry, January 19, 2009. Excerpt:
Update (1/26/09). Also see Gavin's further reflections, Incentives and disincentives to OA. Excerpt:
Paula Hane, Elsevier Launches SciTopics—Now a Fully Developed Research 2.0 Resource, Information Today, January 19, 2009. Excerpt:
Stevan Harnad, Learned Society Survey On Open Access Self-Archiving, Open Access Archivangelism, January 20, 2009. Excerpt:
This makes sense. The self-archived versions are supplements, for those who don't have subscription access.
The Dutch publisher, Essentials, has announced plans to launch a new journal of digital libraries, which will cover OA and copyright issues, among others. The inaugural issue of Digital Library should appear in March 2009. Read the December 2008 press release in Dutch or Google's English.
It appears that the journal will not itself be OA.
Sophie L. Rovner, ACS Speeds Web Publication: Society tests free online access to peer-reviewed, accepted manuscripts, Chemical and Engineering News, January 15, 2009. Excerpt:
Update (1/21/09). I was right that the "just accepted" articles are gratis OA, but wrong that they remain online and remain gratis OA after the final version is published. On the contrary, the TA published version replaces the OA version at the time of publication. (Thanks to Evelyn Jabri, Senior Acquisitions Editor at the ACS, for her helpful correspondence.) For other aspects of the "just accepted" article pilot project, see the FAQ.
Elie Dolgin, New impact metric, The Scientist, January 19, 2009. Excerpt:
Comment. Kudos to PLoS ONE. This is an important decision and I hope that other journals (OA and TA) will follow suit. All academics have an interest in breaking the stranglehold of impact factors, undoing their pernicious effects on hiring, promotion, and funding, and working toward more nuanced impact measurements. Because most OA journals are new, friends of OA have a special reason for undoing the pernicious incentives created by impact factors to shun new journals as such, regardless of their quality. Here's an excerpt from an article I wrote last September:
Presentations, audio, and video from the Creative Commons Technology Summit (Cambridge, Mass., December 12, 2008) are now available. See especially:
Carlo Vinicio Caballero, et al., La importancia del Acceso Abierto en la investigación biomédica y científica, Revista Colombiana de Reumatología, June 2008. (Thanks to PANLAR Bulletin Online.) English abstract:
The Access to the information of high quality, of first class and free entry about medical present topics and scientific knowledge of social importance, makes the Open Access (OA) a fundamental tool in the medical community in the world and Latin America. Open access is free, immediate, permanent, full-text, online access, for any user, web-wide, to digital scientific and scholarly material primarily research articles published in peerreviewed journals. OA means that any individual user, anywhere, who has access to the internet, may link, read, download, store, print-off, use, and datamine the digital content of that article. An OA article usually has limited copyright and licensing restrictions. The OA is a powerful source of information and great social impact in Latin America because the benefits, the accessibility and economical advantages that raises in the zone.
Simon Fodden, Annotated Civil Code, Slaw, January 17, 2009.
Stuart Lewis, DSpace at a third of a million items, Stuart Lewis' blog, January 19, 2009. Excerpt:
How should libraries catalog books that exist in both digital and print editions (hence including OA and TA editions)? A task force has developed guidelines. (Thanks to Charles Bailey.) From its report, December 19, 2008:
Thanks to Stian Håklev for the alert and for his own translation of parts of the announcement. Excerpt:
Gavin Baker, OA at TACD IP, A Journal of Insignificant Inquiry, January 17, 2009. Last week Gavin was live-blogging the TACD's Patents, Copyrights and Knowledge Governance conference (Washington DC, January 12-13, 2009). Now he has summarized the presentations that bear most on OA, and added some comments of his own. Excerpt:
Catherine Saez, IP From Publicly Funded Research Should Benefit The Public, Experts Say, Intellectual Property Watch, January 16, 2009. Excerpt: