News from the open access movementJump to navigation
The Bernard Becker Medical Library at the Washington University School of Medicine has posted a flowchart on How to Demonstrate Compliance with the NIH Public Access Policy. The process is specific to WU but could serve as an example for other institutions. (Thanks to Jim Till.)
Dorothea Salo, Name authority control in institutional repositories, Cataloging and Classification Quarterly, forthcoming in April 2009; self-deposited January 2, 2009. Abstract:
Neither the standards nor the software underlying institutional repositories anticipated performing name authority control on widely disparate metadata from highly unreliable sources. Without it, though, both machines and humans are stymied in their efforts to access and aggregate information by author. Many organizations are awakening to the problems and possibilities of name authority control, but without better coordination, their efforts will only confuse matters further. Local heuristics-based name-disambiguation software may help those repository managers who can implement it. For the time being, however, most repository managers can only control their own name lists as best they can after deposit while they advocate for better systems and services.
Université de Liège has adopted an OA mandate. (Thanks to Stevan Harnad.) Bernard Rentier, the Rector at Liège, has posted an English translation of his November memo to the Liège faculty on the AmSci OA Forum. Excerpt:
Jeffrey Mervis, NSF Rethinks Its Digital Library, Science Magazine, January 2, 2009. (Thanks to Garrett Eastman.) Accessible only to subscribers. Excerpt:
Christian Zimmermann, RePEc in December 2008, and what we have done over the year 2008, The RePEc Blog, January 2, 2009.
Ryan Singel, With Flickr Layoffs, Whither 'The Commons'?, Epicenter, December 30, 2008.
In a round of layoffs at Flickr parent company Yahoo, one of the project leaders for the OA Flickr Commons project has been laid off, prompting fears about the future of the project. The story at Wired's Epicenter blog also discusses some of the backstory behind the Flickr Commons project and implications for projects for OA to government documents and cultural heritage collections.
See also our past posts on Flickr Commons.
If you recall (1, 2, 3), Germany's new copyright law took effect one year ago today. Under its terms, electronic rights to works published in Germany before 1995 would vest in publishers unless authors expressly told their publishers during 2008 that they wished to hold those rights themselves. Of course, if authors regained the electronic rights to these works, they could use them to authorize OA.
Klaus Graf has compiled a comprehensive bibliography of this aspect of the new law.
Chris Castle, Is Google's culture grab unstoppable? The Register, December 31, 2008. Excerpt:
Heather Morrison, 2008 December 31 Dramatic Growth of Open Access, Imaginary Journal of Poetic Economics, December 31, 2008. Excerpt:
Zoë Corbyn, Journal subscriptions at risk as weak pound hits library budgets, Times Higher Education Supplement, January 1, 2009. Excerpt:
Comment. As I wrote in SOAN last month:
Sangeeta Shashikant, North-South fight on IP, Benefit Sharing issues in influenza talks, SUNS, December 19, 2008. (Thanks to Glyn Moody.) Report on the World Health Organization's Intergovernmental Meeting on Pandemic Influenza Preparedness.
Comment. From what I've read, it's not clear to me whether there are any proposals for OA to the regulatory data, or just that the data be shared among regulators. If you have any information, please let me know.
See also our past posts on OA to avian flu data.
Niva Elkin-Koren, Governing Access to Users-Generated-Content: The Changing Nature of Private Ordering in Digital Networks, forthcoming in Governance, Regulations and Powers on the Internet; self-archived December 29, 2008. Abstract:
This paper analyzes the rise of private ordering as a dominant strategy for governing creative works in the digital environment. It explores the changing nature of private ordering in the Web 2.0 environment, where it is used for governing User-Generated Content (UGC). Private ordering is playing an ever greater role in governing the terms of access to creative works. Rightholders often use End-User License Agreements (EULA) to expand the scope of protection provided under copyright law, by limiting the rights of users under legal doctrines such as 'fair use' and 'first sale'. At the same time, private ordering has also been employed in recent years by Open Access initiatives, to promote access to creative works and facilitate interaction, exchange and sharing of creative materials. ...
Gene D. Sprouse, APS now leaves copyright with authors for derivative works, Reviews of Modern Physics, October 1, 2008. An editorial. Excerpt:
Comment. For detail on the APS author requests for additional rights, and their desire to repost chunks of their APS articles on wikis, see my post from March 2008. The author requests were very reasonable and I commend APS for acceding to them.
Michael Carroll, The Digital Public Domain, Carrollogos, December 30, 2008. Excerpt:
Wendy Hall has been appointed a Dame Commander of the British Empire (DBE) for her work in computer science, which includes important work on OA. Stevan Harnad, her colleague in the University of Southampton School of Electronics and Computer Science, summarizes the OA connection:
PS: Congratulations to Dame Wendy. Also see our past posts on her OA work.
Gideon Burton, The Coming Change in Humanities Publishing (6): Open Access, Gideon Burton's Blog, December 12, 2008. Excerpt:
Also see Stevan Harnad's comments:
PS: Also see my own discussion of the gratis/libre distinction and the differences between the gratis/libre and green/gold distinctions.
Kim Leeder, Social networking with a brain: a critical review of academic sites, In the Library with the Lead Pipe, December 10, 2008. Includes a discussion of the "networking-repository hybrid model". (Thanks to Marlène Delhaye.)
The Fall 2008 issue of Access, the National Biological Information Infrastructure newsletter, is now online. See these articles:
Globalizing quake information, Nature Geoscience, December 2008. The journal has made this editorial TA at its own site, but authorized an OA copy at the site of the Global Earthquake Model. Excerpt from the latter:
Comment. GEM seems to depend on the openness of data, not just the accuracy and comprehensiveness of data. If the input data are not open, but the model produces open outputs, then specialists could infer the broad contours of the input data. Hence, regions unwilling to make their data public would likely be unwilling to participate in the project even with closed data. If so, then, this is not just a call to governments to support the project with relevant data, but to support it with open data.
H.M., a widely-studied patient on the topic of amnesia and memory, passed away in December 2008 and donated his brain to further study. The Brain Observatory at the University of California, San Diego will lead the research. Jacopo Annese, the Observatory's director, has announced that it will take an open approach to the research, including a blog for the project and Webcasts of the procedures. See the story from Science Friday. (Thanks to Bora Zivkovic.)
Pablo Lara and Antonia Ferrer, Luis Collado, responsable de Búsqueda de Libros de Google, El profesional de la información, July-August 2008; self-archived December 21, 2008. English abstract:
Luis Collado answers some questions about the program Google Book Search. He describes what it is and what it is not. His words reveal Google’s philosophy of universal access to information.
María Jesús del Olmo García, Stuart Shieber cuenta, desde Harvard, su punto de vista sobre Open Access y el sistema de publicación académica, SEDICblog, December 23, 2008. Blog notes on Jornadas sobre Open Acces y E-prints (Madrid, December 10-12, 2008).
Gavin Baker, Opening research proposals; thoughts on virtual collaboration, A Journal of Insignificant Inquiry, December 23, 2008.
... Opening research proposals: This seems to be an aspect of research which is relatively secretive. Few funding bodies seem to post the proposals for projects they fund, let alone proposals they rejected. But wouldn’t researchers (and students) benefit from seeing the methods proposed by other researchers? Wouldn’t the full details of a project, not just a summary, improve current awareness and reduce unnecessary duplication? Wouldn’t better access to proposals increase the transparency both of funders (so anyone can see the details of what was funded as well as what was turned down) and of researchers (so anyone can compare the methodology of the published results to the methodology proposed earlier)? There may be some cases where researchers want to keep their methodology secret until they’re done working on it, but those should be the exception rather than the rule. We can start working on the low-hanging fruit now, while thinking about how to deal with the cases where researchers don’t want disclosure: there’s no reason in principle that we shouldn’t campaign for open access to research proposals alongside research data and published results. ...
Christian Zimmermann, The worldwide reach of RePEc, The RePEc Blog, December 26, 2008.
... [RePEc's] 18,500 [authors] are distributed over 118 countries (and all US states). Then, the 960+ RePEc archives, which each contribute bibliographic data to the project, are dispersed in 64 countries. But some of those archives collect data from several institutions. Thus, we actually have publications from 70 countries (and all but five US states ...) ...
India's National Folklore Support Centre has opened a portal of OA Indian folklore journals, apparently launched in 2008. (Thanks to Jason Baird Jackson.) The portal hosts 14 OA journals, several of them new:
Jurisdoctoria is a new OA journal published by the schools of comparative law and public & fiscal law at Université Paris I – Panthéon-Sorbonne. The inaugural issue was released in October 2008. The journal is dedicated to work by young researchers. The journal is published in French with English abstracts. Jurisdoctoria will publish two issues a year, each themed. (Thanks to Georges-Hubert Delporte.)
Maxine Clarke, Call for authors to deposit microarrays in public databases, Nautilus, December 8, 2008. Excerpt:
PS: Thanks to Heather Piwowar for the alert, and thanks to Maxine Clarke, the Publishing Executive Editor of Nature, for excerpting this TA correspondence to Nature's OA blog.
Suresh K. Chauhan, Institutional Repositories in India, Key 2 Information, December 28, 2008. Excerpt:
PS: Chauhan lists 21 repositories with a paragraph of annotation on each one.
Tom Roper, Health Information And Libraries Journal's Silver Jubilee, Tom Roper's Weblog, Novemer 27, 2008. Excerpt:
Graham Walton, editor of HILJ, responded to Roper's post in the comment section: