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The International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions has issued a call for papers for its 2009 conference (Milan, August 23-27, 2009). The theme for the Library Theory and Research Section is "Research into open access". Abstracts are due by December 31, 2008. Submissions can be made in the IFLA languages (Arabic, Chinese, English, French, German, Russian and Spanish) and Italian.
The Journal of Alternative Perspectives in the Social Sciences is a new peer-reviewed OA journal published by the Guild of Independent Scholars. The inaugural issue is now available. Authors retain copyright to their work. (Thanks to John Reidelbach.)
The new issue of ScieCom Info is now online.
Alexis Madrigal, Google Shutters Its Science Data Service, Wired Science, December 18, 2008. Excerpt:
Update. See Antony Williams' comments.
Fernanda Peset and Antonia Ferrer, Implantación de la Open Archives Initiative en España, Information Research, December 2008. English abstract:
Mike Linksvayer, CC6+, Mike Linksvayer's blog, December 17, 2008.
... Retroactive copyright extension cripples the public domain, but there are relatively unexplored options for increasing the effective size of the public domain — instruments to increase certainty and findability of works in the public domain, to enable works not in the public domain to be effectively as close as possible, and to keep facts in the public domain. [Creative Commons] is pursuing all three projects, worldwide. I don’t think any other organization is placed to tackle all of these thorny problems comprehensively. ...
ccLearn, What status for “open”? An examination of the licensing policies of open educational organizations and projects, report to the Hewlett Foundation, December 15, 2008. See also the summary on the Creative Commons blog.
SHERPA has posted a tongue-in-cheek repository-themed Christmas card.
Comment. A twelve year embargo? That's awfully long.
U.S. President-elect Barack Obama has selected his nominee to head the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, marine biologist Jane Lubchenco. (Thanks to Subbiah Arunachalam.)
Lubchenco has been involved in the debate about OA, and especially about open data, most notably during her tenure as president of the International Council for Science. At the World Summit on the Information Society in 2003, Lubchenco highlighted the importance of access to scientific data, but stopped short of calling for OA. But an editorial in Science, co-authored by Lubchenco and Shuichi Iwata, seemed to go further:
P.S. NOAA is part of the Department of Commerce, one of 11 departments and agencies that was covered under the proposed Federal Research Public Access Act, which would have required public access to research funded by those departments and agencies.
Corydon Ireland, Fair shows progress of humanities in digital world, Harvard University Gazette, December 18, 2008.
Dorothea Salo calls attention to a mailing list thread where a DSpace user learns that the Dewey Decimal Classification is owned by OCLC and requires a license for use.
The Internet Archive has posted its year-end summary:
The Forum for Public Health in South Eastern Europe offers a collection of OA books published since 2004. (Thanks to the World Federation of Public Health Associations newsletter.)
Gonzalo Clemente Lara Pacheco, Libros de la UNAM a través de Google, Crítica Bibliotecológica, December 2008. English abstract:
Within the framework of the agreement signed by UNAM and Google in 2007 to digitize the National University's collection of books, there needs to be a means of promoting UNAM's Biblioteca Digital (BiDi-UNAM), which has been digitizing its collection of bibliographic holdings dating from 1950 to the present. The early experiences of BiDi-UNAM, the use of its technical resources and staff, and its policy of open-access e-book production should be considered as a case study for the new digitization project (the 2007 agreement).
American Library Association, Opening the "Window to a Larger World": Libraries' Role in Changing America, report to the Obama transition team, December 17, 2008.
In addition to sections on funding for library programs (including for OA projects) and copyright, see especially the section on government information:
Comment. Kudos to all involved. While the Foundation uses the language of encouragement, the policy operates more like a mandate with case-by-case exceptions. I like the enforcement mechanism: a license for each Grant Work Product, which the Foundation will use when grantees do not provide sufficiently open or early access on their own. I also like the way the policy applies to "Grant Work Products" without restriction --hence, covering data as well as publications.
Comment. Kudos for this strong policy. Note that it only applies to data, not to peer-reviewed articles (except for the offer to pay publication fees). But I hope the Foundation will consider extending it to cover peer-reviewed articles as well. Note too that it does not require the data to be assigned to the public domain, as Science Commons would. While I support the SC approach, the Moore approach is a reasonable second-best: letting grantees hold whatever IP rights in their data the law allows, but not letting them use those rights to impede effective public access. That may take some refinement in practice. For example, does an attribution license impede effective public access for a collaborative, public dataset with thousands of contributors?
The EU's Information and Communication Technologies Policy Support Programme (ICT PSP) has released its Draft Work Programme 2009. If the EC approves the draft in January, then it should open a call for proposals from January 29 to June 2, 2009. According to the draft, one thread of the new funding program is devoted to OA. Excerpt:
Fedora Commons has posted two year-end summaries on the progress of the free and open repository software project:
A German court has ruled that journal editors may acquire a copyright in the collections they assemble, even if they don't hold copyrights on the individual articles. Hence, if an OA repository contains copies of many or all of the same articles, arranged in the same systematic or methodical way that the journal arranged them, then it could violate the editor's right.
Thanks to Klaus Graf for his blog post on the decision, in German or Google's English. Thanks as well to Sebastian Krujatz (specialist in German IP law at the Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property, Competition and Tax Law) for helping me make my short summary accurate.
Comment. This decision shouldn't stop routine self-archiving in Germany. But it could be an obstacle as funder and university policies drive the rates of OA archiving toward 100%. To use the terms of US law, it's another good reason to oppose the "database right", which gives quasi-copyright protection to the labor of collecting information together, even when the information is in the public domain or under copyright to someone else.
Voyages: The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database is a new OA database sponsored by Emory University, the U.S. National Endowment for the Humanities, and the W.E.B. DuBois Institute at Harvard University. See the December 5 press release from Emory or coverage by the Associated Press. (Thanks to ResourceShelf.)
The site provides data on almost 35,000 trans-Atlantic slave-trading voyages, maps, images, data on some individual Africans transported, and educational resources. The bulk of the dataset comes from projects from the 1990s to compile the data, published on CD-ROM in 1999.
See also our past post on the project.
The first version of the 2007 Research Output report from the University of Pretoria listed the faculty publications but didn't link to OA editions in UPSpace, the Pretoria IR. That's fixed now, thanks to the UP Library Services and the Department of Research Support. From Monica Hammes:
Michael Norris, Charles Oppenheim, Fytton Rowland, The citation advantage of open-access articles, Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, July 9, 2008. (Thanks to Repository News, esp. because I check the new issues of JASIST and somehow missed this article when it came out.)
G. Aneeja and Sridhar Gutam, Prospects of Open Access to Indian Agricultural Research: a case study of ICAR, a presentation at the 8th Indian Science Communication Congress (ISCC-2008), December 10-14, 2008, Chennai, India.
Glenn S. McGuigan and Robert D. Russell, The Business of Academic Publishing: A Strategic Analysis of the Academic Journal Publishing Industry and its Impact on the Future of Scholarly Publishing, Electronic Journal of Academic and Special Librarianship, Winter 2008.
From the conclusion:
Go-Geo!, the JISC-funded OA database of geospatial data, has been updated.
See also our past post on Go-Geo!.
We previously posted on participation in Flickr Commons by the Library of Congress (1, 2, 3), the Powerhouse Museum, the Smithsonian Institution and the Brooklyn Museum, the George Eastman House and the Bibliothèque de Toulouse. We also mentioned that the Biblioteca de Arte-Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian was posting selections on Flickr, but not as part of the Flickr Commons and not tagged as being in the public domain. Since then, the Gulbenkian has joined Flickr Commons (although the images are still tagged with a CC license, not as being in the public domain). Other subsequent participants:
Adam Azman has released a new version of his Chemistry Dictionary for Word Processors. Using data from ChemSpider, the dictionary has grown from 18,000 words to more than 100,000. The dictionary is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License and is compatible with Microsoft Office and OpenOffice.org.
See also our post on the earlier release.
Robert Dellavalle, et al., Self-archiving dermatology articles, Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 59(6), 2008. Self-archived December 16, 2008. Abstract:
Discusses the merits of depositing medical journal articles in open repositories.
John Wilbanks, Data Sharing and Science: Legal, Normative, and Social Issues, presented at the American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting (San Francisco, December 15-19, 2008).
See also his notes on the conference.
See also: We previously posted the abstract.
Health Sciences Online is a recently-launched OA portal of OA health resources. From the about page:
See also the press release, or the press release by the search technology provider, Vivisimo.
Paul Allen, Piece of mind, The Economist, November 19, 2008. An op-ed. (Thanks to Gloria Tavera.)
See also our past posts on the Allen Brain Atlas.
David Wojick, We need a National Library of Energy to rapidly deploy transformative energy innovations, OSTI Blog, December 15, 2008. Excerpt:
Comment. Hear, hear. I made a related argument in SOAN last month. America urgently needs green energy, green technology, and green jobs. To maximize our chances of finding effective solutions quickly, we need an ambitious federal program of green research. To maximize the beneficial impact of that research, we need OA.
Portugal's publicly-funded Repositório Científico de Acesso Aberto de Portugal (RCAAP) was officially launched yesterday at the 3ª Conferência sobre o Acesso Livre ao Conhecimento (Minho, December 15-16, 2008). RCAAP harvests content from 10 institutional repositories from around the country.
For more details, see the RCAAP about page, in Portugues or Google's English, or yesterday's article in Tek, in Portuguese or Google's English. Also see Ricardo Vidal's blog post (in English). Excerpt:
Declan Butler, Publish in Wikipedia or perish, Nature News, December 16, 2008. Free for a week before it moves behind a pay well (like all Nature News stories). Excerpt:
Update (1/13/09). Also see Kent Anderson's comment and the discussion it generated on the Scholarly Kitchen blog.
The proposal to require OA for publicly-funded research has climbed to the 12th spot on Obama CTO, the unofficial web site collecting recommendations for the Obama administration, up one rank from last week.
The National September 11 Memorial & Museum launched its Artists Registry on December 5. The Registry is an OA virtual gallery which allows artists to upload their work created in response to 9/11. The registry implements Creative Commons licenses, allowing artists to choose a CC license for the work they upload. See the press release. (Thanks to Creative Commons.)
Petter Bae Brandtzæg and Marika Lüders, eCitizen2.0: The ordinary citizen as a supplier of public-sector information, report for the Norwegian Ministry of Government Administration and Reform, undated by recent. See also the November 4 press release. (Thanks to europa-eu-audience.) From the executive summary:
John Willinsky, Open Access and the Public Knowledge Project, presented at The Scholarly and Public Quality of Research: Why Open Access Matters (Sydney, December 8, 2008). An audio recording. (Thanks to the Public Knowledge Project.)
NIH Expands Open-Access Dataset of Genetic and Clinical Data to Include Asthma, press release, December 15, 2008.
See also our past posts on dbGaP.
Francine Fialkoff, Google Deal or Rip-Off? Librarians need to protect the public interest, Library Journal, December 15, 2008. An editorial. Excerpt:
Andrea Foster, Google Settlement to Pay Lawyers Up Front, Authors Eventually: Opinions on Settlement Differ, But Negotiations Cloaked in Secrecy by Non-Disclosure Agreements, Doing the Write Thing, undated but apparently December 15, 2008. A detailed account. Excerpt:
Kenneth Anderson, Musing about Publishing on Paper versus Publishing On-line, Opinio Juris, December 16, 2008. Excerpt:
Comment. Exactly. TA journals add the value of peer review, but OA journals add the same value without making any subtractions. Here's how I put it in an article from July 2007:
Wagdy Sawahel, Library of Alexandria goes online for science education, SciDev.Net, December 8, 2008. (Thanks to Subbiah Arunachalam.) Excerpt:
Simon Chester, A New Model for Legal Publishing, Slaw.ca, December 15, 2008. Excerpt:
Dave Pattern, Free book usage data from the University of Huddersfield, "Self-plagiarism is style", December 12, 2008.
See also the comments by Richard Wallis:
Dave Bacon has posted a letter from the future, to be sent back in time:
Barbara Fister, Renting Keys to Walled Gardens, ACRLog, December 14, 2008.
Liz Allen, PLoS ONE @ Two - second birthday synchroblogging competition, Public Library of Science blog, December 9, 2008.
Michelle Springer, et al., For the Common Good: The Library of Congress Flickr Pilot Project, report, October 30, 2008. A shorter report summary is also available. From the executive summary:
Antony Williams, The Confusion of ‘Pedias and the Dependence on Wikipedia, ChemSpider Blog, December 11, 2008. Describes and compares the chemistry functions on Wikipedia, WiChempedia, and Chempedia.
Gradhiva, a French journal of anthropology and museology in publication since 1986, has gone online with the Revues.org platform. Published by the Musée du quai Branly, issues starting with 2005 are now online, with a 3-year moving wall for OA. (Thanks to CLEO.)
Update: Updated to clarify the policy is a 3-year moving wall, i.e. issues 3 years old or older will be OA.
DAPHNE (Données en Archéologie, Préhistoire et Histoire sur le NEt - Data in Archeology, Prehistory and History on the NEt) is a new OA index of metadata, launched in November 2008. See also the press release by INIST. (Thanks to Fabrizio Tinti.)
Stuart Lewis and Les Carr have discovered that only 8 of the 26 UK DSpace repositories listed in ROAR have working RSS feeds.
Lewis and Carr are trying aggregate all the world's repository feeds. Lewis:
If you're a DSpace repository manager, Lewis' post explains how to activate the feed.
Interview with Andres Martin, new editor (January, 2008) of TheJournal of American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, November 2008. Excerpt:
Rekha Mittal and G. Mahesh, Digital libraries and repositories in India: an evaluative study, Program: electronic library & information systems 42(3), 2008. Only this abstract is OA, at least so far:
Xiaohong Cao, et al., Data mining of cancer vaccine trials: a bird's-eye view, Immunome Research, December 12, 2008. Abstract:
See also our past posts on ClinicalTrials.gov.
The presentations from Web 2.0 and Beyond: New Tools for Archaeological Collaboration and Communication (Vancouver, March 26-30, 2008) are now online. See especially:
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine is a new peer-reviewed OA journal published by e-Century Publishing Corporation. The first issue was released in January 2008; see also the inaugural editorial. The publishing fee is $100/page, subject to discount and waiver. Authors retain copyright and articles are released under the Creative Commons Attribution License.
See also e-Century's other journals, some in publication and some forthcoming, all OA.
Ideas in Ecology and Evolution is a new peer-reviewed OA journal published by Queen's University. (Thanks to Bora Zivkovic.) See the inaugural editorial for information on some of the unique aspects of the journal, including this:
... Authors pay a submission fee (currently $400 [Canadian]) at the time of submission. From these funds, two referees are paid (currently $150 each). If the paper is accepted for publication, authors are charged an additional processing fee (currently $300) to cover handling and publication costs. ...
... This ‘system of systems’ will proactively link together existing and planned observing systems around the world and support the development of new systems where gaps currently exist. It will promote common technical standards so that data from the thousands of different instruments can be combined into coherent data sets. The ‘GEOPortal’ [pilot launched in June 2008] offers a single Internet access point for users seeking data, imagery and analytical software packages relevant to all parts of the globe. It connects users to existing data bases and portals and provides reliable, up-to-date and user friendly information – vital for the work of decision makers, planners and emergency managers. ...
Comment. As noted, these guidelines are still being drafted. The proposed schedule has the guidelines presented for approval in 2010. The guidelines seem to recognize the value and urgency of removing barriers to access and re-use, but stop short of requiring OA. Maybe it's possible to strengthen the guidelines while they're still being written.
Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services (Nasjonalt kunnskapssenter for helsetjenesten, NoKC) adopted an Institutional Policy for Open Access to Scientific Publications, November 25, 2008.
Unfortunately the online version of the policy is an image-scan and I don't have time to rekey an excerpt. However, it is in English.
Here's the gist of it: All scientific publications by NoKC research staff "must" be deposited at the time of acceptance in Helsebiblioteket's Research Archive (HeRA), the new institutional repository launched by the NoKC health library (Helsebiblioteket). HeRA contents are also retrievable through NORA (Norwegian Open Research Archives) and OAIster, as well as Google and Yahoo. For each deposit, HeRA will release as much as it can as soon as it can. For example, HeRA will respect publisher embargoes, but will release OA metadata during the period when the full-text may be embargoed.
For more details, see the HeRA guidelines, which are in English and HTML.
The NoKC is an independent agency within Norway's Directorate of Health. Its mission is to research the quality of the Norwegian health services.
Comment. Kudos to all involved at NoKC. I applaud the mandatory language, the immediate deposit requirement, and the dual deposit/release strategy.
Update (12/15/08). Also see the NoKC press release (in Norwegian). For some reason Google won't translate this doc into English.
Heather Morrison, Dramatic Growth of Open Access: 2008 Early Annual Edition, Imaginary Journal of Poetic Economics, December 13, 2008. Excerpt: