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PS: "Open" here seems to mean nothing more than openness to voting by anyone. The award categories include sports and fitness, celebrity and gossip, and dating and romance. All right. But why not a category for science and scholarship? (There are a few scholarly nominations in the Wiki and Environmental categories.) Or how about some web-wide awards for sites that are open in the stronger sense, as in open source and open access? The anthropologists have made a good start, but how about something for all disciplines, all countries, and all languages?
Richard Poynder, Open Access: The question of quality, Open and Shut? November 22, 2008. Excerpt:
Update. Also see Stevan Harnad's comments. Excerpt:
Jean-Claude Guédon, Digitizing and the Meaning of Knowledge, Academic Matters, October/November 2008. Excerpt:
The UK Medical Research Council adopted an OA mandate in June 2006. At the time you could find it here. But four months later the link was dead and the policy moved here. Now the new link has died too and I can't find the policy's current location. If anyone can point me to it, I'd be grateful.
Meantime, here's the FAQ on the MRC OA mandate. The link to the FAQ works, but even the FAQ continues to use the dead link to the policy statement itself.
Update (11/24/08). Several readers simultaneously sent me the current URL. Here's the policy at its new location: MRC position statement in support of open and unrestricted access to published research. (Thanks to all who wrote.)
Update (12/4/08). The new link, which was live 10 days ago, is dead today. I'll assume the problem is temporary and keep trying. But if anyone knows what the problem is or where the policy has moved this time, please drop me a line.
A new but undated report on national research and higher education policies in France (Rapport sur les politiques nationales de recherche et de formations supérieures), an annex to the 2009 finance bill, picks up some OA recommendations from the May 2008 Salençon Report on scientific and technical information (Rapport du comite 1st information scientifique et technique). It recommends talking with publishers about modifying their contracts and access policies, funding publication in fee-based OA journals, using HAL as the national platform for publicly-funded research, and digitizing French scholarly journals. (Thanks to the INIST Libre Accès blog and Hélène Bosc.)
The reports are PDFs and I can't link to machine translations. But here's Google's English translation of the INIST Libre Accès blog post.
DUMAS (Dépôt Universitaire de Mémoires Après Soutenance) is a new OA repository for Master's theses launched by the humanities division of the Université Pierre-Mendès-France and hosted by HAL. (Thanks to INIST.)
Kaitlin Mara, Ministers, Stakeholders Meet In Mali To Strategise On Health Research Systems, Intellectual Property Watch, November 20, 2008.
The U.S. National Library of Medicine has released an updated license for its databases, including MEDLINE and PubMed.
The primary change in the new license is that it eliminates the distinction between licensees located in the US or outside the US. All licensees, those inside and outside the US, may redistribute the licensed NLM data under the same terms and conditions. ...
Hans-Ulrich Rüegger, Martina Arioli, and Heini Murer (eds.), Universitäres Wissen teilen : Forschende im Dialog (Universities share knowledge: Researchers in dialog), a new OA book on OA, based on a symposium at the University of Zurich in March 2008. A print edition is for sale from v/d/f. (Thanks to Digithek.)
The new version is undated. But the link to it appeared on the ESRC's OA page yesterday, and the link to the previous version is now dead. I believe this is the doc's first update since December 2007.
The Libertas Academica blog has a table comparing the APC fees of various OA and hybrid journals, including price and rights.
Update. See also these comments:
Andrew Albanese, At SPARC Digital Repository Meeting, Shulenberger Calls Out AAUP, ACS, Library Journal, November 20, 2008. Excerpt:
Comment. The Conyers bill would directly overturn the NIH policy and block similar policies at every federal agency. Kudos to Shulenberger for criticizing the AAUP and ACS for supporting the bill. Also see my own criticism of the AAUP for supporting the bill: 1, 2, 3, 4. Note items 2 and 4 in particular. The AAUP says it supports the Conyers bill without opposing the NIH policy. But it has not qualified its endorsement of the bill in order to spare the policy, criticized the breadth of the bill or its effect on the policy, or endorsed the policy.
Update. Also see Kevin Smith's comments.
Thomas Kalil, Overview: Science, Technology, and Innovation Challenges, Change for America, in print January 5, 2009.
Peter Binfield, New Academic Editor Interview - Niyaz Ahmed, Public Library of Science blog, November 18, 2008. Ahmed is PLoS ONE's Section Editor for Microbiology and Genomics.
Kaitlin Mara, IP Model Proposed For North-South Nanotechnology Divide, Intellectual Property Watch, November 19, 2008.
Les Carr, The Value that Repositories Add, RepositoryMan, November 18, 2008.
... A repository should be able to provide lots of benefits to its users. In particular, it should make things more valuable when they are deposits than when they are just files on a laptop or on a web server. This presentation is written to inform researchers of the kinds of things that should be able to do with their material in repositories. It starts off with the basic functions that are provided for them (wide access, persistence, backups, bibliography pages, administrative reports etc) and then tackles the kinds of ways that researchers can take advantage of the material for themselves. ...So who (among researchers) actually likes repositories? There may be a place to collect those stories soon.
Kylie Pappalardo, New: literature review and website on access to public sector information, OctaviaNet, November 21, 2008. (Thanks to Brianna Laugher.) Excerpt:
Josh Hadro, Scan on Demand: Open Library and Boston Public Library Put a Twist on Scanning Projects, Library Journal, November 18, 2008.
See also our past posts on scan-on-demand at Open Library.
More blog notes on the SPARC Digital Repositories Meeting (Baltimore, November 17-18, 2008):
See also our previous post of notes on the conference.
Stevan Harnad, Open Access Allows All the Cream to Rise to the Top, Open Access Archivangelism, November 19, 2008. Excerpt:
See especially Section 3.3 (pp. 16-19), Dissemination of works for teaching and research purposes, and Question 19 (p. 18):
For background, see our July 2008 blog post on the green paper.
Inspired by Dorothea Salo's habit of calling herself a repository rat, Les Carr has looked into the other wildlife to be found the repository niche of the OA ecosystem. Some are solitary and some social; some are wild and some domesticated; some are hunters and some scavengers; some are preeners and some slovenly; and some are valued while some are vermin. He takes a stab at characterizing four repositories according to the animal behavior they embody.
PS: Compare this with a more systematic and prosaic study of the different policies and practices among repositories. At least the animal comparisons are more mnemonic and vivid. A professor of mine liked to say that the medieval comparisons of human traits with animals --busy as a bee, loyal as a dog, sly as a fox, stubborn as a mule, happy as a pig-- were more helpful than contemporary ethics and psychology.
Heather Morrison, Who benefits from the University of Calgary authors' fund? Imaginary Journal of Poetic Economics, November 19, 2008. Excerpt:
PS: See our past posts on the Calgary authors fund.
The videos and presentations from the Berlin 6 meeting, Changing Scholarly Communication in the Knowledge Society (Düsseldorf, November 11-13, 2008), are now online. All of them are OA-related.
Both the old and new policies say that "Authors...may post a copy of the final manuscript...on their Web site or their employer's server...." However, the old policy added that "APA does not permit archiving with any other non-APA repositories" and the new policy deletes that rule.
The deletion looks progressive, removing a restriction on the set of eligible repositories. But the unchanged parts of the policy may leave that restriction in place. May APA authors now deposit in a disciplinary repository, such as the Social Science Research Network? It's not clear.
PS: For background, see our past posts on the evolving APA self-archiving policy.
Greg Boustead, Garrett Lisi's Exceptional Approach to Everything, Seed Magazine, November 17, 2008.
Virginia Hughes, Reviewing Peer-Review, Seed Magazine, November 17, 2008.
PS: For background, see our past posts on Europeana.
An interview with Timo Hannay, Publishing Director, Nature.com, Knowledge Speak, November 12, 2008. Excerpt:
A group of OA-supporting researchers from 12 countries launched ENCES (European Network for Copyright in support of Education and Science) at the recent conference, Copyright Regulation in Europe – An Enabling or Disabling Factor for Science Communication (Berlin, November 13-15, 2008). (Thanks to the Informationsplattform Open Access.)
ENCES will be an EU-wide counterpart to Germany's Aktionsbündnis ,,Urheberrecht für Bildung und Wissenschaft" (Coalition for Action "Copyright for Education and Research"), founded by Rainer Kuhlen in 2004. For background, see our past posts on Kuhlen and the coalition.
Imagine scanning the barcode of a printed book with your cell phone and then running a search, from the phone, of a digital copy of the same book. You can now do that with a Google Android phone --at least for books already scanned by Google and showing their barcodes.
See the Google Book Search blog for details.
SPARC's 2008 letter to members and three things we focused on this year, SPARC, November 4, 2008. Excerpt:
This is a place where volunteers can look for jobs that will help the cause, and where everyone can list the jobs they'd like to see someone do.
At the moment, many of the jobs listed are about building the OAD itself. But it's not at all limited to OAD-building. Use your imagination, take note of work that needs doing, and harness the energy and good will of the OA community.
Robin Rice, DataShare deliverables over last 6 months, DataShare blog, November 12, 2008. Excerpt:
Andrea Gawrylewski, NIH research director steps down, The Scientist, November 13, 2008. Excerpt:
John Harnad, Approaches to Open Access in Scientific Publishing, a preprint forthcoming in Physics World, self-archived November 19, 2008. (Note that this is John, not Stevan, Harnad.)
From the conclusion:
Library of Congress, National Library of China Sign World Digital Library Agreement, a press release from the Library of Congress, November 17, 2008. (Thanks to ResourceShelf.) Excerpt:
PS: Also see our past posts on the WDL.
MIT helps launch interactive video education project in Jordan, a press release from MIT, November 13, 2008. Excerpt:
From a transcript of Lawrence Lessig's keynote at the Students for Free Culture Conference (Berkeley, October 11-12, 2008):
... I think the obvious, low-hanging-fruit fight for the Students for Free Culture movement right now is to start having sit-ins in universities where they don’t adopt Open Access publishing rules. It’s ridiculous that scholars publish articles in journals that then charge 5, 10, 15 thousand dollars for people around the world to get access to it. I mean it’s no problem for Stanford or for Berkeley or for Harvard, but the developing world cannot get access to this stuff easily because of these extraordinarily idiotic 20th Century restrictions on access to knowledge. ...Update. Stevan Harnad hopes Lessig is talking about green OA.
The Prevail Archive is an OA collection of official documents related to the the shootings at Virginia Tech on April 16, 2007. The archive is the result of a volunteer student effort to scan documents released under Virginia's Freedom of Information Act. (Thanks to the Chronicle of Higher Education.)
See also our past post on the April 16 Archive, another OA archive about the events.
Gunther Eysenbach announced that the OA Journal of Medical Internet Research has received a $90,000 (CAN) grant from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada.
... Only 4 years ago, at the last SSHRC competition, JMIR was discouraged to submit a proposal, because it was an Open Access journal - 4 years ago, SSHRC did not consider to fund journals with no "subscribers" (the number of paying subscribers was seen as a quality criterion for an academic journal). ...
The new Policy for Use and Transfer of WorldCat Records supercedes the earlier Guidelines for the Use and Transfer of OCLC-Derived Records, last revised in the pre-Web era. (Karen Coyle points out that the Guidelines were themselves a response to an earlier attempt by OCLC to claim copyright in WorldCat records. The new policy avoids the term copyright, but does make an oblique reference to "the intellectual property rights [in WorldCat or WorldCat Records]".) The new policy is slated to go into effect in February 2009.
Aside from the name change (from "guidelines" to "policy", implying enforceability), key points of the new policy include prohibitions on commercial or "unreasonable" use. (An earlier version of the policy also required attribution to OCLC in each record re-used; in the latest version, the attribution requirement has been weakened to a recommendation.) The "reasonableness" standard is summarized as:
Use must not discourage the contribution of bibliographic and holdings data to WorldCat or substantially replicate the function, purpose, and/or size of WorldCat.
The restriction has drawn the ire of Open Library, which is building an OA bibliographic catalog. (In a blog post, Open Library's Aaron Swartz also claims that OCLC has "been trying to kill [Open Library] from the beginning -- threatening its funders with lawsuits, insulting it in the press, and putting pressure on member libraries not to cooperate.")
Jennifer Howard, For Advice on Publishing in the Digital World, Scholars Turn to Campus Libraries, Chronicle of Higher Education, November 21, 2008. Excerpt:
Update. The article is now OA. (Thanks to the Chronicle.)
A letter from Lawrence Lessig, CC blog, November 17, 2008. Excerpt:
Comment. I don't run ads, but I do have opinions and make recommendations. And I recommend CC. It's a non-profit that needs your support and will use your money well. Many non-profits directly support OA, such as the ATA, and when more of them have annual drives I'll recommend more of them for your annual consideration. But this year CC is alone in the field, and very worthy. Please give what you can. I did.
Another journal to offer Open Access while waiting for SCOAP3, an announcement from CERN's SCOAP3 project, November 18, 2008. Excerpt:
From the EPL announcement:
Peng Dong, Marie Loh, and Adrian Mondry, Publication lag in biomedical journals varies due to the periodical's publishing model, Scientometrics, November 2006. Only the abstract and page one are free online, at least so far:
Bernard Lane, No gags in new rules for CSIRO, The Australian, November 19, 2008. Excerpt:
PS: Also see Colin Steele's February 2007 argument for OA at CSIRO.
Twidox launches private beta, CC blog, November 17, 2008. Excerpt:
PS: Also see our past posts on Twidox.
Matthew Elbeck and Jean Mandernach, Expanding the value of scholarly, open access e-journals, Library & Information Science Research, December 2008. Neither the text nor an abstract is free online, at least so far, but the journal does offer a TOC (with each link pointing to a pay-per-view screen):
1. Accessing OA e-journals
Today's Nepal News has a report on the conference, Linking Geodata with Biodiversity Information in the Himalayas (Kathmandu, November 15-16, 2008). Excerpt:
The November/December 2008 issue of D-Lib is now available. See especially these articles:
Joanna Adcock and Edward Fottrell, The North-South information highway: case studies of publication access among health researchers in resource-poor countries, Global Health Action, November 13, 2008. (Thanks to Peter Byass.) Abstract:
Jean-Claude Bradley, From ONS to Peer Review: our JoVE Article is Published, Useful Chemistry, November 13, 2008.
Open Access @ OISE is a discussion list for students, faculty, and staff at Ontario Institute for Studies in Education of the University of Toronto. Thanks to Stian Haklev, who notes:
... To me personally, a long-term goal might be an institutional mandate, similar to what the Arts and Sciences at Harvard, and the Faculty of Education at Stanford, have come up with. ...
The blog Savage Minds is now accepting votes for the best OA content in anthropology, with categories for best blog, best journal, and best digital miscellany. (We previously posted the call for nominations.) Winners will be announced at the American Anthropological Association conference this weekend.
The International Journal on Digital Libraries has a special issue on very large digital libraries. See especially these articles:
A special issue of Neuroinformatics is dedicated to the Neuroscience Information Framework, an NIH project to develop a (OA) framework for identifying and locating neuroscience resources. The theme issue is OA. See also the press release on the theme issue. (Thanks to Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News.)
We previously posted an article from the issue, on Textpresso for Neuroscience.
Shirl Kennedy, Resources of the Week: One of These Things Is Not Like the Others, ResourceShelf, November 17, 2008.
See also our past posts on OA to CRS reports.
Jeffrey Tucker, A Serious Issue on the Revised Grail Psalter, New Liturgical Movement, November 16, 2008. Excerpt:
Last week, CNS [Catholic News Service] reported that the USCCB [U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops] has voted in favor of incorporating into the English translation of the Mass the "Revised Grail Psalter," and there is speculation that this translation will become the universal Psalter in the English-speaking world....
PS: Also see Tucker's call for OA to English translations of public-domain Latin texts required by US bishops for use in mass.
Heather A. Piwowar and Wendy Chapman, Identifying data sharing in biomedical literature, AIMA Annual Symposium Proceedings, November 2008. Since the 2008 proceedings are not yet online (OA or TA) at the AIMA web site, I'm linking to the abstract at PubMed.
PS: See our blog post linking to two OA versions of the preprint.
Ancestry.co.uk now hosts an OA database of Slave Registers of former British Colonial Dependencies, 1812-1834. There's an unusual story here, reported by Ligali.org:
Update (11/18/08). The test repository is DSpace-based. But for those who would like to test drive SWORD on an EPrints-based repository, Les Carr points out that "the standard EPrints public demo repository has been supporting SWORD for some time now...."
The EU Digital Research Infrastructure for the Arts and Humanities (DARIAH) has launched the Irish Digital Humanities Observatory. From the DHO site:
According to the Irish Times article cited above, some of the DHO contents will be TA, but "a growing amount of this material is being made freely available to the public over the internet."