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The October 2008 issue of Ariadne is now available. Some articles relevant to OA:
Sane Bhagyashree and Gole Bhakti, Mahitichi mukta upalabdhata, Sakaal, October 14, 2008; self-archived November 13, 2008. (In Marathi.) English abstract:
14th October is celebrated as first "Open Access Day". The article explains what is open access and how it affects users and libraries.See also our past posts on Open Access Day.
Helicos Launches Open Access Web Site With Microbial Genome Data, press release, November 14, 2008. (Thanks to MarketWatch.)
ObamaCTO is a new site for recommending ideas to Obama's CTO and voting on the ideas submitted by others. (It's independent of the Obama transition team.)
I just submitted this idea:
Unfortunately I can't give you a deep link. But if you search for "open access" you'll find it. Because it was added fairly late in the game, it doesn't have nearly as many votes as the other ideas. But with your help, we can change that.
Update. I'm happy to say that I was wrong. Here's the deep link to my submission. (Thanks to Joe Dunckley.) Now go vote!
Update. Friends abroad tell me that the site seems to accept votes from any internet user. If you were holding back because you aren't a US citizen, don't hold back! Spread the word.
Nan L. Singh, The Librarian As Essential Key to Connecting Open Educational Resources and Information Literacy in the Academic World, essay for a class at San Jose State University, self-archived November 12, 2008. Abstract:
The librarian today, caught up in the growing sea of information, is challenged to rise up and give meaningful direction to the information seeker. The digital divide question goes deeper than the simple description of the problem that pits those who have access to technology against those who don’t. The parameters of the divide must be explored in depth in order to begin to close the divide. The librarian holds key possibilities for helping to close this divide and bridge the gap. This paper will focus on the contributions that Open Educational Resources movement can make towards the development of information literacy from yet another angle, the contribution of the librarian. New opportunities for more effective collaboration between librarians, students and instructors can promote greater engagement of the student, resulting in mastery of the literacy challenges presented by the changing world of technology. The educational climate is experiencing a paradigm shift that is familiar territory to the librarian. The librarian as a key initiator in connecting patrons with resources is in a unique position to give leadership to the Open movement, which includes Open Educational Resources, Open Access and Open Source. This paper will explore the contribution the librarian brings to OER and the Open movement.
Greer L. Hauptman, The Library and the Bazaar: Open Content and Libraries, essay for a class at San Jose State University, self-archived November 12, 2008.
This essay will consider new copyright models in libraries, and how libraries can and should modify their own systems to promote and provide access to open content. It focuses on the reasoning behind supporting new models and methods of distribution, especially with regards to open licenses like Creative Commons, and the resources and systems libraries have developed to provide access to open licensed work. The paper examines the current roles libraries take in promoting Creative Commons and Open Access, and possible future roles, as well as how libraries organize and share open access works and develop relationships with others producing or developing content.
Maria Cassella recently self-archived 4 of papers on OA. Each is in Italian with an English abstract:
The Free Our Data blog reported on November 12 that the Ordnance Survey, the UK's mapping agency, has been contacting local agencies instructing them not to re-use any data derived from the Ordnance Survey (for instance, no Google Maps mashups). (Thanks to Glyn Moody.)
The news comes on the heels of the Show Us A Better Way competition, which asked Britons for their ideas on how to re-use public sector information.
Moving Toward a 21st Century Right-to-Know Agenda: Recommendations to President-elect Obama and Congress, report, November 2008. The report is endorsed by a number of groups and individuals, who were convened by OMB Watch and OpenTheGovernment.org.
I'll be on the road Friday - Sunday, with few opportunities for blogging or email. But Gavin will be on the job and I'll start to catch up myself on Monday.
M. Castillo, A New Open Access Option from the American Journal of Neuroradiology, American Journal of Neuroradiology, November/December 2008. An editorial. Not even an abstract is free online, at least so far.
Jonathan Gray, After the Workshop on Open Scientific Resources, Open Knowledge Foundation Weblog, November 12, 2008. Blog notes on the Workshop on Finding and Re-using Open Scientific Resources (London, November 8, 2008). See also the wiki notes, especially "Planned Actions".
... [D]iscussion turned to guidelines for making knowledge open, and to advocacy for open science. We came up with a ‘recipe’ for opening up content and data - and talked about a possible ‘unlocking service’ to request material be made open, or at least for licensing status to be clarified. ...
Tim Jones, A Transparency Agenda for the New Administration, Electronic Frontier Foundation, November 12, 2008.
... [The new U.S. Congress and administration should:]
Fred Merceur, Fonctionnements et usages d’une Archive Institutionnelle, report, October 2008. An Ifremer report on the first 3 years of Archimer, its IR. (Thanks to INIST.)
See also our past posts on Archimer.
Seed Magazine, as part of its Revolutionary Minds series, has named a group of Game Changers. (Thanks to Science Commons.) Seed's Emily Anthes describes them this way:
... They are prizing openness over secrecy, access over scarcity, and they are creating a future that will help science fulfill its potential to make all our lives better.Among the honorees:
Comment. Kudos to AS. This is not just another funder mandate. AS is primarily a non-profit advocacy organization, not a foundation, but it uses some of the money it raises to fund research on autism. While 29 funding agencies have adopted OA mandates, AS is at the leading edge of a new breed of OA-mandating organizations. As it points out, it's the first U.S.-based non-profit advocacy organization to adopt an OA mandate. If we look beyond the US, it's hard to to know who was the very first in this category, but it might be the Arthritis Research Campaign, a UK non-profit with no public funds which adopted an OA mandate in January 2007. If you know other examples, please drop me a line.
Update (11/13/08). Also see Andrew Albanese's story in Library Journal. Excerpt:
Update (11/13/08). For the variety of research grants awarded by Autism Speaks, and their budget lines, see the Annual Report for 2007, p. 10.
Update (12/7/08). Also see John Wilbanks' comments.
The Center For Teaching And Learning at Bowling Green State University has posted a video and blog notes on Michael Carroll's public talk from October 31, Copyright and Your Right to Use and Share Your Scholarly Materials. From the blog notes:
Peter Binfield, Interview with PLoS ONE academic editor, Public Library of Science blog, November 6, 2008. An interview with Ivan Baxter, PLoS ONE Section Editor for plant biology.
Les Carr, Someone Stop Me!, RepositoryMan, November 11, 2008.
I had a meeting with some representatives from other Schools last week - they wanted to deposit some Masters theses in a repository but they were hindered from doing so by the policies of the respective services. The long and short of it was that I volunteered to set up a demo repository to allow them to get their documents housed somewhere safe, but also because I know that we need somewhere to store four years of our school's masters and undergraduate dissertations. We'll use the demo to make a business case to the university to extend the "institutional repository umbrella" while we're getting some experience with the issues. ...
A few bloggers have posted comments on Digital Heritage in the New Knowledge Environment: Shared Spaces & Open Paths to Cultural Content (Athens, October 30-November 2, 2008):
Eric Kansa, Digital Challenges: Notes from the Hellenic Ministry of Culture’s Recent Conference, Digging Digitally, November 11, 2008.
... The whole “copyrighting the past” argument is interesting. Though I have no formal legal training, I’ve picked up some expectations from living within the Anglo-American legal tradition. At least traditionally, we’ve got a very economic / practical view of copyright, and typically regard copyright as a convenient legal fiction to incentivize creative production. “Copyrighting” a work that is 2500 years-old obviously flies in the face of this tradition. However, parts of Continental Europe have different legal traditions. Copyright over the works of Classical Antiquity seem to be somehow in line with “moral rights” types of perspectives, where the goal of copyright is not only to protect commercial incentives, but it is also to protect, in perpetuity, the dignity and honor of the creator of works. That seemed to be some of the argument given in comments made at this conference. ...
Leif Isaksen, Strictly Platonic, Archaetech, November 11, 2008.
... As a mixture of Greek cultural heritage professionals and a more international group of invited digital specialists, the division between open and closed world views was starkly drawn. Inspired by the location to draw a gratuitous athenian analogy, I dubbed the competing factions the ‘new platonists’ and the ‘new socratics’. The platonists hold the view that there is some kind of objective value in culture that needs to be identified, nurtured and above all protected from the more philistine elements of globalistion. This can only be done by an elite professional class of curators (priests?) and academics (philosophers?). Meanwhile, the socratics see our role as entirely different - it is not our duty to protect, but rather to provoke, undermine and play with the narratives and interpretations we all normally take for granted. ...
The Office of Technology Assessment Archive, launched in June 2008 by the Federation of American Scientists, contains all the formally issued reports of the U.S. Office of Technology Assessment, as well as many background papers and contractor papers. The reports cover various scientific and technical policy issues considered by the U.S. Congress from 1972 to 1995. (Thanks to the Sunlight Foundation.)
The archive builds on an earlier site hosted by Princeton University:
We have recently received hundreds of additional documents not previously available to the public ... The new website also includes a search engine that allows users to quickly and easily find specific content in OTA reports. ...
Primary Research Group, The International Survey of Library & Museum Digitization Projects, report, August 2008. A single-user PDF is available for €91. Summary:
The International Survey of Library & Museum Digitization Projects presents detailed data about the management and development of a broad range of library special collection and museum digitization projects. Data is broken out by type of digitization project (ie text, photograph, film, audio, etc) size and type of institution, annual spending on digitization and other variables. The report presents data and narrative on staffing, training, funding, technology selection, outsourcing, permissions and copyright clearance, cataloging, digital asset management, software and applications selection, marketing and many other issues of interest to libraries and museums that are digitizing aspects of their collections.
Jennifer Crow, Open Access and Scholarly Communication, apparently a pre-print, deposited November 12, 2008. Abstract:
The open access movement is increasingly guiding the publishing practices of scholarly research. This paper will look at developments in the open access movement, how open access affects scholarly communication, and what eventual role librarians will play in its progress.
Genome Medicine is a new peer-reviewed OA journal published by BioMed Central. See the November 12 announcement. The article-processing charge is £1350 (€1660, $2105), subject to discounts and waivers. Authors retain copyright and articles are published under the Creative Commons Attribution License. Abstracts for some articles to be published in the first issue are now available.
Kaitlin Thaney, Data sharing in Epidemiology, sniffing the beaker, October 10, 2008.
Claudia S. has blogged some notes (in Romanian) on the Open Access Pre-Conference to the Globalization and Management of Information Resources conference (Sofia, November 11, 2008). Read her notes in the original or in Google's English.
Andrew Charlesworth and five co-authors, Feasibility study into approaches to improve the consistency with which repositories share material, JISC, November 7, 2008. Excerpt:
Scott Leslie, Planning to Share versus Just Sharing, EdTechPost, November 8, 2008. (Thanks to Dorothea Salo and David Wiley; see also their comments.)
... If you only want the highlights, here they are: grow your network by sharing, not planning to share or deciding who to share with; the tech doesn’t determine the sharing - if you want to share, you will; weave your network by sharing what you can, and they will share what they can - people won’t share (without a lot of added incentives) stuff that’s not easy or compelling for them to share. Create virtuous cycles that amplify network effects. Given the right ’set,’ simple tech is all they need to get started. ...
Carl Lagoze, et al., A Web-Based Resource Model for eScience: Object Reuse & Exchange, preprint of a paper for the 2008 Microsoft eScience Workshop (Indianapolis, December 7-9, 2008), deposited on November 4, 2008. (Thanks to Fabrizio Tinti.) Abstract:
Work in the Open Archives Initiative - Object Reuse and Exchange (OAI-ORE) focuses on an important aspect of infrastructure for eScience: the specification of the data model and a suite of implementation standards to identify and describe compound objects. These are objects that aggregate multiple sources of content including text, images, data, visualization tools, and the like. These aggregations are an essential product of eScience, and will become increasingly common in the age of data-driven scholarship. The OAI-ORE specifications conform to the core concepts of the Web architecture and the semantic Web, ensuring that applications that use them will integrate well into the general Web environment.
Andrew Waller and Heather Morrison, A Leading-Edge Position Statement on Open Access + Ongoing Interest in OA at CLA, Feliciter 54(5), deposited on November 11, 2008. Abstract:
The Canadian Library Association Task Force on Open Access operated from 2006 until mid-2008. This article summarizes the actions of the group which included developing an Open Access for CLA's publications and producing a Position Statement on Open Access for Canadian libraries. Though the Task Force will be disbanding, plans are in place for the creation of an Open Access Interest Group within CLA.
Nicole Carpenter, Tune It Up: Creating and Maintaining the Institutional Repository Revolution, deposited November 11, 2008. Student paper for a class at the School of Library and Information Science, San Jose State University. Abstract:
The explosion of recent open access repositories and the future desire for global open access to scholarly communication has prompted the need to have more credible resources for new authors. This article highlights some of the areas in which creators need to be informed concerning repositories, including software information, peer-review advocacy, and the need for more literature on mature repositories and how they interact with scholarly communication.
Kaitlin Thaney has posted several notes on the Berlin 6 Conference (Düsseldorf, November 11-13, 2008). Posts so far:
JISC, Armistice Day anniversary marked by launch of Great War Archive, press release, November 11, 2008.
Research and Markets, The Survey of Academic & Research Library Journal Purchasing Practices, report, November 2008. (Thanks to Business Wire.) The report is available for purchase (a single-user PDF is €106). Abstract:
See especially these findings:
Comment. I'm guessing that this is OA, but I wish I could be sure. At the moment, all the articles are at least gratis OA. (I couldn't find any licensing information.) The excerpt from the editorial suggests a commitment to OA. But the magazine doesn't call itself OA or free. It also has a subscription page, but it doesn't mention prices.
Update (12/2/08). Never mind. The publisher's version of the subscription page does mention prices. (Thanks to John Reidelbach.)
Grant Funding Opportunities, JISC Information Environment Team, November 10, 2008.
Rice-African partnership is open-education blockbuster, press release, November 10, 2008. (Thanks to itnewsafrica.com.)
See also our past post on Siyavula or our past posts on Connexions.
‘No Action, But Rhetoric’, The Morung Express, November 8, 2008.
Stian Haklev, What’s happening with OpenLibrary and OCA, Random Stuff that Matters, November 9, 2008. Blog notes on the Internet Archive / Open Content Alliance workshop (San Francisco, October 27-28, 2008).
See also our earlier post of blog notes from this workshop.
Laura Dewis, Open Everything, Open Air, November 7, 2008. (Thanks to Open Education News.)
See also our past post on the Open Everything events.
Sharing images, JISC Information Environment Team, November 9, 2008.
How can we share images more effectively for use in teaching and learning? The [Community-Led Image Collections] report looked at this question a couple of years ago and, more recently JISC and the Higher Education Academy co-funded some case studies building on that report. ... In short, we need to work both with the gravitational centres on the web (eg Flickr) and institutional facilities, and ask how these best support individuals and academic communities; we need to find ways of alleviating copyright worries without ignoring the issue; we need to come up with solutions that will work for small-scale community collections with little technical support; and we need to do all this bearing in mind that open sharing of images may not always have a business case. ... [T]he fuller summary and full reports show how these questions are worked through in visual arts, engineering, archaeology and geosciences.
Charles Arthur, Plenty of ideas for freeing government data ... and finding a loo, The Guardian, November 6, 2008. See also the related post on the Free Our Data blog.
See also our earlier post on the contest, or all past posts on the Free Our Data campaign.
Neil Godfrey, INFORMAL comparison of some institutional repository solutions, Metalogger, October 19, 2008. (Thanks to Roy Tennant.)
NEI Releases Complete Data from Age-Related Eye Disease Study, press release, November 10, 2008.
See also our past posts on dbGaP.
Anita Palepu, Open Medicine: a peer-reviewed, independent, open-access general medical journal, presentation at the University of British Columbia, October 14, 2008. Slides and an audio recording. (Thanks to the Open Medicine Blog.) Abstract:
This presentation [about Open Medicine] was one of several presentations delivered at the First International Open Access Day event held on October 14, 2008 at UBC. In support of the open access movement, the UBC Library joined with SPARC, PLoS (Public Library of Science), and Students for Free Culture along with 65 other institutions in celebration of this worldwide event.See also our past posts about Open Medicine and about Open Access Day.
The Open Content Alliance posted a list on November 9, 2008 of the 51 institutions which recently joined as contributors. Thirty-six of the new institutions are members through the PALINET or CARLI consortia.
David W. Moody, Free Culture and the Factors that Led to its Move to Regain the Commons, self-archived on November 9, 2008. A preprint. Abstract:
A brief explanation of what the free culture movement is and the various factors that led to its fighting to preserve the commons, including corporations and special interests trying to restrict the commons to protect their interests, the development of the open source community, technological developments, such as the Internet and digital copying of media, the development of web 2.0 and its philosophies, current state of copyright law and youth culture.
Rice University has created a Wireless Open-Access Research Platform (WARP). This is a wireless platform, OA in the sense that it's extensible and programmable. It's a "research platform" in the sense (apparently) that it's an experiment for teaching and learning, although it's actually in use at more than two dozen universities and companies around the world. All its hardware and software documents are OA in our sense. To trigger further development of the platform, and research on wireless architecture, Rice has launched an accompanying open-access WARP repository to contain the working documents and discussion, as they evolve.
Germany's Digital Peer Publishing (DiPP) program has launched version 3.0 of its Digital Peer Publishing license. From today's announcement:
Nancy L. Maron and K. Kirby Smith, Current Models of Digital Scholarly Communication, ARL, November 2008. Excerpt:
Also see the ARL's searchable, OA collection of the examples gathered during the study.