News from the open access movementJump to navigation
Guy Pessach, (Networked) Memory Institutions: Social Remembering, Privatization and its Discontents, Cardozo Arts & Entertainment Law Journal, April 2, 2008. The published edition has no abstract, but here's the abstract from the self-archived edition:
Jeffrey J. Erwin, Copyright and the Digital Library, a preprint self-archived November 2, 2008.
From the body of the paper:
Andy Powell, Some (more) thoughts on repositories, eFoundations, November 7, 2008.
Molly Kleinman, The beauty of "Some Rights Reserved": Introducing Creative Commons to librarians, faculty, and students, College & Research Libraries News, November 2008.
From Karen Coyle at Coyle's InFormation:
From James Gibson in the Washington Post:
From Georgia Harper in Library Journal:
From the Open Content Alliance:
From Siva Vaidhyanathan at The Googlization of Everything (updating his earlier comments with Google's reply):
The Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems is a new peer-reviewed OA journal published by the Institute of Global Environment and Society. The journal operates a companion forum, Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems - Discussion, for posting and discussing papers before they have undergone peer review. Both are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. (Thanks to the U.S. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program.)
See the journal's policy on author fees:
Hans-Michael Müller, et al., Textpresso for Neuroscience: Searching the Full Text of Thousands of Neuroscience Research Papers, Neuroinformatics, October 24, 2008. Abstract:
Textpresso is a text-mining system for scientific literature. Its two major features are access to the full text of research papers and the development and use of categories of biological concepts as well as categories that describe or relate objects. A search engine enables the user to search for one or a combination of these categories and/or keywords within an entire literature. Here we describe Textpresso for Neuroscience, part of the core Neuroscience Information Framework (NIF). The Textpresso site currently consists of 67,500 full text papers and 131,300 abstracts. We show that using categories in literature can make a pure keyword query more refined and meaningful. We also show how semantic queries can be formulated with categories only. We explain the build and content of the database and describe the main features of the web pages and the advanced search options. We also give detailed illustrations of the web service developed to provide programmatic access to Textpresso. This web service is used by the NIF interface to access Textpresso....See also our past posts on Textpresso.
The Sunlight Foundation has posted a set of recommendations from its staff to the incoming Obama presidential administration, dated November 6, 2008:
Kim Plummer, Conference Discusses Copyright Laws, The New Paltz Oracle, November 6, 2008.
The Directory of Open Access Journals has updated its new titles page, adding RSS feeds of recent additions to the directory. The feature was added on October 22, 2008. Feeds are available for journals added in the last 24 hours, last 7 days, or last 30 days.
Comment. This should come in handy for a number of uses; thanks again to DOAJ. Two suggestions:
Libraries and Publishing 3.0: Student Views from the School of Library, Archival and Information Studies, The University of British Columbia is a series published by the Canadian Association of Special Libraries and Information Services in October 2008. The papers were originally presented at the Canadian Library Association annual conference (Vancouver, May 21-24, 2008). (Thanks to CASLIS Ottawa.) Relevant papers:
Jane Hutton, Academic Libraries as Digital Gateways: Linking Students to the Burgeoning Wealth of Open Online Collections, Journal of Library Administration, October 3, 2008. Only this abstract is free online, at least so far:
Digital collections of full-text e-books are proliferating on the Web and provide a wealth of open content for students. To examine whether academic libraries are providing a digital gateway to these resources, ten e-book titles from open digital collections were searched in the online catalogs and Web pages of ten academic libraries serving distance learners. Only three of the digital collection e-books were available from any of the library catalogs, and none were found on library Web pages. Availability of the ten e-book titles through Google and other digital discovery tools also had mixed results. Continued projects for improved delivery of open online content are necessary. In order to fulfill their role as digital gateways for their academic communities, libraries must pursue metadata standards to support cross-searching, collaborative projects, and development of e-resource search software, which integrates with the library catalog.See also the author's presentation and handout on the same topic at the Off-Campus Library Services Conference (Salt Lake City, April 23-25, 2008).
Hindawi Announces its Country Web Pages, press release, posted to SPARC-OAForum on November 6, 2008.
See also our past posts on Hindawi's institutional pages (1, 2).
Bernd Hartmann and Felix Jansen, Open Content – Open Access: Freie Inhalte als Herausforderung für Wirtschaft, Wissenschaft und Politik, FAZIT Forschung, vol. 16. Undated but apparently recent. An overview of the current state of open content and open access, with special attention to the University of Konstanz.
PS: See our past posts on OA activity at the U of Konstanz.
Les Carr points out that an RSS feed of the most recent items deposited in a repository can be embedded somewhere else, such as a widget for a blog.
Virginia Barbour, New version of the Declaration of Helsinki, Public Library of Science blog, November 5, 2008.
Update. See also this post at the BioMed Central blog.
Michelle Arkin and James McKerrow, Low-Hanging Fruit: An Anti-Parasitic Drug Database, Public Library of Science blog, October 28, 2008.
The Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec's annual report for fiscal year 2007-08, released on July 30, 2008, contains a description of its digitization activities. (Thanks to Olivier Charbonneau.) Roughly translated excerpt:
Christian Zimmermann, RePEc in October 2008, The RePEc blog, November 5, 2008.
Using Digital Collections Workshop Attracts Advocates for Open Access, Open Content Alliance blog, November 1, 2008.
Jonathan Gray, After the Workshop on Public Information, Open Knowledge Foundation Weblog, November 4, 2008. Blog notes on the Workshop on Finding and Re-using Public Information (London, November 1, 2008.)
See also our past posts about CKAN.
Manuela Palafox, El Archivo Institucional E-Prints Complutense al servicio de la difusión y preservación de la investigación de la UCM, presented at Depósitos Digitales Depósitos Digitales y Acceso Abierto en Bibliotecas Universitarias (Murcia, Spain, December 3-4, 2007). (Thanks to Recursos Bibliotecarios.) English abstract:
The [Universidad Complutense de Madrid] has made a durable commitment with the principles of the Open Access movement. The University signed the Berlin Declaration on 2006 with the CRUMA [Conferencia de Rectores de las Universidades de Madrid] universities. In this field the Complutense Library has developed some actions in two areas, the digitization of the library bibliographic heritage and the dissemination and diffusion of the UCM scientific outputs. With this aim the Complutense library has developped the institutional repository E-Prints Complutense. This paper collects information about the implementation of the repository.
Dorothea Salo, Small institutions and repositories, Caveat Lector, November 3, 2008.
Pathogenetics is a new peer-reviewed OA journal published by BioMed Central on the pathogenesis of genetic diseases, phenotypes and traits. See the November 3 announcement. The inaugural editorial is now available. Authors retain copyright and articles are available under the Creative Commons Attribution License. The article-processing charge is £1180 (€1485, $1900).
La Criée : périodiques en ligne is a blog devoted to (OA and TA) online journals. (Thanks to Klaus Graf.)
Each post is a basic catalog entry: title, short description, ISSN, language, file format, Dewey classification, and link. It doesn't indicate when the journals were launched, and many entries "announce" older journals.
PS: I can't tell how new or old the blog itself is, since the archive is not set up to display the back files.
The International Journal of Agricultural and Biological Engineering is a new peer-reviewed, OA journal from the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering and the Association of Overseas Chinese Agricultural, Biological and Food Engineers. (Thanks to John Reidelbach.) From the editorial in the inaugural issue:
The International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education is a new peer-reviewed OA journal. The inaugural issue (October 2008) is now online. (Thanks to John Reidelbach.)
Fair Copyright in Research Works Act, The Exchange Online: The Newsletter of the Association of American University Presses, November 4, 2008. Excerpt:
Richard Poynder, The Open Access Interviews: Dove Medical Press, Open and Shut? November 6, 2008. An interview with Tim Hill, Publisher of Dove Medical Press, an OA publisher based in Auckland, New Zealand. The lengthy introduction is a good primer on the suspicions that some OA publishers are cutting corners and giving OA journals a bad name. Poynder interviewed Hill in part to get his responses to some of those suspicions about Dove. Note his conclusion: "While it does appear that there are a number of unscrupulous OA publishers operating, I could find no reason to conclude that Dove is one of them...." Excerpt:
Seth Finkelstein, Google's copyright war will have open access advocates up in arms, The Guardian, November 6, 2008. Excerpt:
Kristin Boice, Open Access, Libraries, and the Future of Scholarly Publishing, a preprint self-archived November 5, 2008.
Leslie Chan, Open Access Scholarship and Teaching: Why Should it Matter to You? A talk at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education at the U of Toronto, November 5, 2008. See the 53 minute video and slides. From the announcement:
Mike Rossner, Heather Joseph: Getting the message across, The Journal of Cell Biology, November 3, 2008. An interview with Heather Joseph, executive director of the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition.
Andrew Plemmons Pratt, Historical Election Maps and Open Mapping Research, Science Progress, November 4, 2008.
The Free Software Foundation released of version 1.3 of the GNU Free Documentation License on November 3, 2008. The revision allows public wikis using the GFDL (such as Wikipedia) to relicense their content under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 license.
The move comes at the request of the Wikimedia Foundation, which last year passed a board resolution asking the FSF for the change.
Background: Wikipedia was launched before the Creative Commons licenses existed. Wikipedia adopted an existing license, the GFDL, for its content. But some have argued since then that the CC licenses are a better fit for Wikipedia: for instance, the GFDL has a number of specialized facets related to its history as a license designed for software manuals, which can be confusing in other contexts; the GFDL is only officially maintained in English, and was crafted primarily with an eye to American law, whereas CC has an expansive internationalization effort; etc. Notably, since both the GFDL and CC's BY-SA license have copyleft or "share alike" clauses, content under those licenses can only be mashed and combined with other content under the same license -- so the vast body of content in Wikipedia can't be repurposed for CC-licensed materials, and vice versa.
Wikipedia can't change its own license since it doesn't hold the copyright to its content: each edit is owned by the contributor who made it, who provides only a non-exclusive license to Wikipedia to use it under the GFDL. So to move Wikipedia to a CC license, the GFDL had to be changed to add an exception to its copyleft. The details of the change are that the exception only applies to "public wikis", and only applies until August 2009. It's not a general exception allowing GFDL and CC BY-SA content to be mixed.
Wikimedia now has a window to decide whether to migrate its content to the CC license. Wikimedia's Erik Möller posted an email detailing the process.
Andrew Albanese, On Track to Approval, Google Settlement Faces Legal Hurdles, Library Journal, November 4, 2008. Excerpt:
PS: CIL is completely open about its financing and discloses its hosting expenses and revenue from Lulu.com.
New Open Access Archive Focuses on Open Educational Resources Movement, Blog Twidox, November 5, 2008. Excerpt:
Johnny Chung Lee is an inventor who distributes the details of his inventions through OA videos on YouTube and still makes a profit from developing them. From Leslie Berlin's story in the NY Times:
Comment. Many OA journals are distributed through institutional repositories, and many journals move from one platform or publisher to another. But I believe this is the first time an existing OA journal has moved to an IR.
Update. Also see the post (11/4/08) at the OA Day blog summarizing the successes of OA Day 2008 and anticipating OA Day 2009. Excerpt:
Stuart Haber, Pandurang Kamat, and Kiran Kamineni, A content integrity service for digital repositories, HP Labs Technical Reports, October 21, 2008. (Thanks to ResourceShelf.)
Barack Obama's victory has ignited worldwide excitement, and should excite friends of OA as well.
Neither Obama nor McCain took a position on the NIH policy, or on the attempt by the publishing lobby to overturn it, and both clearly lean more toward OA than against it. But Obama sent an important signal when he made Harold Varmus one of his science advisors. While we haven't seen an OA position statement, the Varmus appointment is a very good reason to hope that an Obama administration will protect OA from special interest lobbying and expand it across the federal government.
More later, you can be sure.
Ulrich Herb, Open Access - A Panacea? Science, Society, Democracy, Digital Divide, a preprint self-archived on November 4, 2008.
Launch of CARPET project development of a platform for electronic publishing tools, a press release from the Max Planck Society, November 3, 2008. Excerpt:
The project partners are Berlin Humboldt-University, Max Planck Digital Library, Goettingen State and University Library, Deutsche Initiative für Netzwerkinformation e.V., and the Open Access Information Platform.
Update (11/5/08). When I read the announcement, I couldn't tell whether CARPET was to be a list of publishing tools or a publishing tool itself. I put my question to Melanie Stetter, CARPET project public relations the Max Planck Digital Library, and she was good enough to let me quote her reply. (Thanks, Melanie.)
The sponsors of the Berlin 6 OA conference, Changing Scholarly Communication in the Knowledge Society (Düsseldorf, November 11-13, 2008), have released the Berlin 6 Conference Handbook, "containing the full program, abstracts, information about the side events and other relevant information." (Thanks to Cornelius Puschmann.)
Jessica Merritt, 100 Free Open Courseware Classes About Open Source Everything, BSchool.com, November 3, 2008. (Thanks to Kelly Sonora.) The list covers many openness topics but not OA.
Barbara Quint, The Google Book Search Settlement: ‘The Devil’s in the Details’, Information Today NewsBreaks, November 3, 2008. Excerpt:
Les Carr, Visualising Repository Contents, Repository Man, November 4, 2008. Excerpt:
Jonathan Brinley, DOAJ Export WordPress Plugin, x + 3 > cataloging, November 3, 2008. Excerpt:
Jonathan Rochkind spells out the implications in a comment:
On October 9, Gideon Burton and Jeff Belliston argued for an OA mandate and expanded use of the institutional repository at the Brigham Young University. Here are their slides, and here's an excerpt from Burton's blog post about their presentation:
The Colorado Alliance of Research Libraries has posted the minutes from its August 2008 roundtable on OA. (Thanks to Heather Morrison.)
Academic Publishing in the Digital Age is the November topic on the HASTAC Scholars Forum. The opening questions:
The presentations from Mandating and the scholarly journal article: attracting interest on deposits? (London, October 29, 2008) are now online:
Update. See also these notes on the conference by Nicholas Lewis and Graham Stone.
Genes, bytes y emisiones: Bienes comunes y ciudadanía is an OA book published by Heinrich Böll Foundation in August 2008. It contains essays on various aspects of the commons, including a Spanish version of John Wilbanks' essay, "What is Science Commons?". (Thanks to Bienes Comunes.)
Jeffrey R. Young, Is Google Earth Becoming a Platform for Academic Scholarship?, Wired Campus, October 30, 2008.
Égypte nilotique et méditerranéenne is a new OA journal of Egyptology published by the Institut d'Egyptologie François Daumas at the Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III. It claims to be the first French electronic Egyptology journal. The first articles were posted on September 28, 2008. (Thanks to Charles Ellwood Jones.)
STM has released its October 30 letter to the members of the House Judiciary Committee Subcommittee on Courts, the Internet, and Intellectual Property --the committee holding the September hearing on the Conyers bill.
NIH’s mandatory deposit policy is unique with respect to government funding agency policies internationally. Issues concerning public funding and the dissemination of research results have been raised in numerous countries. To our knowledge, the proposals and policies of government agencies and private research institutions abroad do, in contrast to the NIH policy, support publishers and copyright models and recognize the importance of the investment and support both peer review and the need for high quality. Most of the research agencies that have adopted public access policies have flexible rather than mandated policies and exceptions are provided with respect to periods for postings, depending on the policies of individual journals. In addition, other agencies facilitate publisher compensation by allowing authors to include public access charges in their grants or charge back to the agency for public access....
Google is stepping up its use of OCR'd editions of image scans in its search index. From its October 30 announcement:
Here's the example from the first paragraph of the announcement:
Comment. Google has been OCR'ing its scanned books from the start (December 2004), in order to make them searchable. But it didn't release HTML editions until July 2007, presumably to prevent easy indexing by rival search engines. When it released the HTML editions, it said its purpose was to help visually-impaired users, whose reading software doesn't work on images. That was a good reason, but I never understood how it overcame Google's famous reluctance to share its work with rivals. As I wrote at the time:
I have a similar mix of appreciation and puzzlement today. But in addition to wondering why Google relaxed its grip on a competitive advantage, I'm also wondering whether this has any connection to the new settlement with book publishers. Today's announcement is not about book texts, but the HTML editions are based on technology Google developed for its book scanning program.
The Francia articles are gratis OA with this licensing statement: "This article may be downloaded and/or used within the private copying exemption. Any further use without permission of the rights owner shall be subject to legal licences (§§44a-63a UrhG / German Copyright Act)."
PS: For background, see our February 2008 post previewing the site.
Update (11/4/08). Francia recensio is the new, online-only, book-review portion of Francia, and it is libre OA under a CC-BY-NC-ND license. (Thanks to Klaus Graf.)
From John Blossom at ContentBlogger:
From Kenneth Corbin at InternetNews.com:
From Deutsche Welle:
From Georgia Harper at Collectanea:
From Fred von Lohmann at the EFF:
From Jef Pearlman at Public Knowledge:
From Kevin Smith at Scholarly Communications @ Duke:
Alma Swan, Reasons researchers really rate repositories, Optimal Scholalrship, October 31, 2008. Excerpt:
The presentations from the Institutional and National Services for Research Data Management Workshop (Oxford, October 20, 2008) are now online. Several presentations discuss open data and repositories. (Thanks to Charles Bailey.)
Heather Morrison, Should university presses adopt an OA model for all of their scholarly books?, The Imaginary Journal of Poetic Economics, October 31, 2008.
Elisabeth Jones, E-science Talking Points for ARL Deans and Directors, Association of Research Libraries, October 24, 2008. (Thanks to Fabrizio Tinti.) See especially point 8, "What is the connection between Open Access and Open Data?":
I just mailed the November issue of the SPARC Open Access Newsletter. This issue includes an open letter to the next President of the United States, arguing that a national policy to require OA for publicly-funded research would serve the national priorities to reduce our carbon footprint, reduce our dependence on foreign oil, and create jobs in a burgeoning economic sector devoted to green technology and green energy. The round-up section briefly notes 143 OA developments from October.
Stuart Macdonald, Data Visualisation Tools: Part 2 – Spatial Data in a Web 2.0 Environment and Beyond, DataShare briefing paper, September 2008; apparently posted online October 28, 2008.
... [The paper] aims to discuss and highlight some of the many examples of spatial (or geographic) data mashups using Web 2.0 technologies and geo-browsers and how they are or can be utilised in an institutional or collaborative research realm. It will also touch on neo-geography and Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) in addition to other open geo-processing tools and organisations which publish and support the use of spatial data in open ways. ...See also our past posts on the DataShare project.
SURF has released a short video, Author rights, your rights, encouraging scholars to retain their copyrights.
La nueva Ley de Ciencia y Tecnología y el “Open Access” [The new Law of Science and Technology and OA], Open Access, October 31, 2008. Excerpt of a rough translation: