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The Réseau francophone des bibliothèques nationales numériques [Francophone Network of National Digital Libraries] has launched its portal. See the October 18, 2008 press release (in French). (Thanks to Olivier Charbonneau.) A rough translation of excerpts from the press release:
See also the recent French government report, France Numérique 2012, which alludes to the portal.
PS Update (12/13/08). The RFBNN is sponsored by the national libraries of Belgium, Canada, France, Luxembourg, and Switzerland, the provincial library of Quebec, and the Library of Alexandria. (Thanks to the IFLA ITS Newsletter.) The Francophone countries committed themselves to launch the RFBNN in Article 43 of the September 2006 Bucharest Declaration.
Columbia’s Mass Digitization Project with Google is Underway, press release, October 28, 2008.
See also our past post announcing the partnership. Columbia also signed an agreement with Microsoft and the Open Content Alliance.
Les Carr is collecting stories of researchers' interaction with repositories:
Charles Oppenheim, Electronic scholarly publishing and open access, Journal of Information Science, August 1, 2008. Only this abstract is free online, at least so far:
A review of recent developments in electronic publishing, with a focus on Open Access (OA) is provided. It describes the two main types of OA, i.e. the `gold' OA journal route and the `green' repository route, highlighting the advantages and disadvantages of the two, and the reactions of the publishing industry to these developments. Quality, cost and copyright issues are explored, as well as some of the business models of OA. It is noted that whilst so far there is no evidence that a shift to OA will lead to libraries cancelling subscriptions to toll-access journals, this may happen in the future, and that despite the apparently compelling reasons for authors to move to OA, so far few have shown themselves willing to do so. Conclusions about the future of scholarly publications are drawn.
Catherine Howell, Reflection and Selection: Creating a digital project archive, catherine's blog, October 21, 2008. (Thanks to Fabrizio Tinti.)
The latest issue of Liinc em Revista is a theme issue on OA. Most of the articles have at least English abstracts:
EDUCAUSE has released (October 1, 2008) a statement on openness:
The November 2008 issue of Library & Information Update contains a supplement on JISC's activities. (Thanks to Fabrizio Tinti.) Some relevant articles:
The list launches with 15 different addenda, but there are undoubtedly more out there. Remember that OAD is a wiki, and counts on users to keep its lists comprehensive, accurate, and up to date.
Ifremer, Over 80% of 2005-2008 Ifremer's publications in Open Access, announcement, undated but this week. Ifremer is the Institut français de recherche pour l'exploitation de la mer [French Research Institute for Exploitation of the Sea]. (Thanks to Morgane Le Gall.)
Comment. It's not completely clear to me, but I think the publications in question here were written by the institute staff, not institute grantees -- i.e. intramural, not extramural, researchers. (I don't know if the institute funds external researchers.) Update: Le Gall confirms that the publications are by the institutes's staff; it doesn't fund extramural researchers.
See also our past post on Archimer.
The November issue of Genome Technology contains a five-part cover story on OA by Meredith Salisbury. Here are the articles, with GT's own blurbs:
From #2, How Book Search will change:
Here are some more comments from the press and blogosphere.
From Reyhan Harmanci at the San Francisco Chronicle:
From Mathew Ingram at MathewIngram.com:
From Mike Madison at Madisonian:
From Neil Netanel at Balkinization:
From Chris O'Brien at the Mercury News:
From Wade Roush at xconomy:
From Dugie Standeford at Intellectual Property Watch:
From Stanford University in a press release:
EU supports open access to scientific and scholarly information, an announcement from SURF, October 29, 2008. Excerpt:
Comment. As SURF says, the EU announced a pilot OA project in August 2008. What it didn't mention is that the pilot project mandates OA for only 20% of the EU's research budget for 2007-2013. That's why it matters that Poto?nik told Liebrand that "the Commission will encourage all recipients of EU subsidies to make published scientific/scholarly articles available to the public" (emphasis added). The other good sign here is Poto?nik's public statement that "Member States intend formulating joint policy on access to scientific/scholarly information".
Update (11/3/08). Also see Dorothea Salo's comments on what the FAQs reveal about the Harvard policy and its implementation.
Robin Peek, Maturing of Open Access: With Growth Comes Growing Pains, preprint of a column forthcoming in the December issue of Information Today. Posted October 30, 2008. Excerpt:
The presentations from the SRA International (Society of Research Administrators International) 2008 Annual Meeting (National Harbor, Maryland, October 12, 2008), are now online. See especially the session on OA, Introduction to Open Access Publishing for Research Administrators. (Thanks to the BMC blog.)
The Walters Art Museum, host of the Archimedes Palimpsest -- a manuscript of treatises by Archimedes of Syracuse -- posted its digital images of the manuscript online on October 29, 2008. The images and supplementary information are OA and licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license. See also the announcement. (Thanks to Glyn Moody.)
Comment. It's fuzzy whether the scans are copyrightable anyway (see Bridgeman v. Corel). But it's a good gesture regardless.
Mary M. Krieger, Randy R. Richter, and Tricia M. Austin, An exploratory analysis of PubMed's free full-text limit on citation retrieval for clinical questions, Journal of the Medical Library Association, October 2008. Abstract:
Comment. In short, work for OA but don't assume that all valuable literature is already OA.
The Optical Society of America has launched a repository to host datasets associated with articles published in its journals, including the OA journal Optics Express. OSA is calling the initiative "Interactive Science Publishing" ("ISP"). See this email from M. Scott Dineen:
See also the September 30, 2008 press release announcing OSA's partnership with NLM. From the press release:
See also the project's wiki.
PALINET, a regional library network in the U.S., launched a digitization project on October 21, 2008. See the press release or this story in Library Journal:
Andrew Waller, Open Access and the Open Access Authors Fund, presentation at the University of Calgary, October 28, 2008. Abstract:
This presentation covers some of the basic elements of Open Access and briefly discusses the recently-established Open Access Authors Fund at the University of Calgary. Presented to faculty members and graduate students of the Faculty of Law, October 28, 2008.
Epigenetics & Chromatin is a new peer-reviewed OA journal published by BioMed Central. See the October 30, 2008 announcement. The article-processing charge is £1180 (€1485, $1875), subject to discounts and waivers. Authors retain copyright to their work and articles are available under a Creative Commons Attribution License. The inaugural editorial is now available.
Colleen Luckett, EDUCAUSE Involvement Opportunity: New Openness Constituent Group, EDUCAUSE blog, October 9, 2008.
EDUCAUSE has launched the new Openness Constituent Group, which focuses on the emergence and adoption of open technologies, practices, policies, and initiatives, and how they affect the delivery and support of education. ...From the group's description:
Catherine Saez, Improbable Match: Open Licences And Collecting Societies In Europe, Intellectual Property Watch, October 28, 2008.
See also our past posts on collecting societies.
Update. See also the post at the Creative Commons blog.
William New, WIPO Pitches Proposed Programme Of Strategic Realignment, Intellectual Property Watch, October 29, 2008.
See also our past posts on the Development Agenda.
Art museums are not obliged to provide OA to digital copies of their public-domain art. But what if they have committed themselves to OA?
Klaus Graf reports that the Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden has signed the Berlin Declaration and chosen to sell digital copies of its public-domain art. Read his post in German or Google's English.
From the Open Access Directory:
Siva Vaidhyanathan, My initial take on the Google-publishers settlement, at The Googlization of Everything, October 28, 2008. Excerpt:
Laura G. Mirviss, Harvard-Google Online Book Deal at Risk, Harvard Crimson, October 30, 2008. Excerpt:
Comment. This is not a comment so much as a careful paraphrase, if only for myself, to get clear on what happened. Harvard is not refusing to take part in the settlement. It's not a party to the lawsuit and couldn't be a party to the settlement. Nor is it terminating its agreement to let Google scan books from the Harvard library. Harvard never allowed Google to scan copyrighted books from its library, as (say) Michigan did. Instead it limited Google-scanning to public-domain books. Today it announces that it will continue to limit Google to public-domain books. Google just arranged for publishers to drop their objections to the scanning of copyrighted books, provided the scans meet certain terms, and expected that libraries would leap to participate. But Harvard doesn't like the terms, either for unpaid access and use or for paid access. Apparently Harvard is also saying, like many others, that Google could have prevailed on its original fair-use claim and should have litigated it to the end.
Here are some comments on the settlement from the press and blogosphere.
From Andrew Albanese at Library Journal:
From Andrew Albanese in a second article for Library Journal:
From Kirk Biglione at Medialoper:
From Dan Cohen at DanCohen.org:
From Paul Courant at Au Courant:
From James Grimmelmann at The Laboratorium:
From Adam Hodgkin at Exact Editions:
From Carolyn Kellogg in the Los Angeles Times:
From Lawrence Lessig at Lessig.org:
From Wendy Seltzer at Seltzer.org:
From Sherwin Siy at Public Knowledge:
From David Sohn at the Center for Democracy and Technology:
From Jack Stripling at Inside Higher Ed:
From the University of California, University of Michigan, and Stanford University in a joint statement:
Ishfaq Mir, An Interview With the Vice Chancellor of the University of Kashmir, KashmirForum.org, October 29, 2008. Excerpt:
The University of Utah has released the University Scholarly Knowledge Inventory System (U-SKIS). (Thanks to Charles Bailey.) From the announcement:
... U-SKIS tracks items or citations prior to ingest to CONTENTdm. This provides a workspace for staff to determine what can be added to the repository based on publishers’ archiving policies and to efficiently manage every stage of this process.
The Tower and The Cloud is a new book released this week by EDUCAUSE. The book is available OA in digital format or for purchase in print. At least these chapters touch on topics related to OA or OERs:
Anthony D. So and six co-authors, Is Bayh-Dole Good for Developing Countries? Lessons from the US Experience, PLoS Biology, October 28, 2008. Excerpt:
Jason Kucsma, Preserving the Digital Preservation Conversation, Jason Kucsma, October 29, 2008. An article-length proposal of an OA repository for literature on digital preservation: the Digital Preservation Resource Repository (DiPPR). Excerpt:
Comment. It's a great idea. But there already is an OA repository for literature on digital preservation, ERPAePRINTS. From the ERPAePRINTS front page:
Andrea Rinaldi, Access evolved? EMBO Reports, vol. 9. no. 4 (2008) pp. 317-321 (accessible only to subscribers at least so far). A recap of the rise of OA journals, with some attention to the NIH policy and objections to it from the publishing lobby. Excerpt:
Comment. Unfortunately, Rinaldi assumes that all OA journals charge author-side publication fees, when most do not. (More evidence here and here.) She also assumes that all of them are libre OA, under open licenses, when many, perhaps most, are merely gratis OA, limiting users to fair use.
Jeremy Hubble, et al., Implementation of GenePattern within the Stanford Microarray Database, Nucleic Acids Research, October 25, 2008. Abstract:
Hundreds of researchers across the world use the Stanford Microarray Database (SMD) to store, annotate, view, analyze and share microarray data. In addition to providing registered users at Stanford access to their own data, SMD also provides access to public data, and tools with which to analyze those data, to any public user anywhere in the world. ... [W]e have incorporated the GenePattern software package directly into SMD, providing access to many new analysis tools, as well as a plug-in architecture that allows users to directly integrate and share additional tools through SMD. ... This extension is available with the SMD source code that is fully and freely available to others under an Open Source license, enabling other groups to create a local installation of SMD with an enriched data analysis capability.
Teacher Training Videos, a collection of OA videos created to help teachers incorporate technology into their teaching, was named "Outstanding ICT initiative of the year" by JISC and Times Higher Education on October 23, 2008. See the announcement. The site was created by Russell Stannard, lecturer at the University of Westminster. (Thanks to Open Education News.)
The Research Information Network has issued a call for expressions of interest on research about the effect of Web 2.0 tools on scientific practice. Researchers who express interest will be invited to submit a full proposal; £90,000 in funding will be available. Expressions of interest are due on November 3, 2008. (Thanks to Cameron Neylon.)
Google and the book publishers who sued to stop the Google library project have reached a settlement. See the AAP's settlement page and press release, as well as Google's settlement page, press release, and blog post. The two press releases use the same text.
From the common press release (October 28, 2008):
From the parties' joint FAQ:
From Google's blog post on the settlement:
Comments. I'm still digesting this. But here are some first impressions.
Update (10/31/08). I just heard from Derek Slater, a policy analyst at Google. (Thanks, Derek.)
Update (11/6/08). I add some second thoughts to my first impressions in a new post.
Brenda Patoine, Speed Bump for Open Access to Genomic Data, Annals of Neurology blog, October 27, 2008.
PKP Project, Open-Source Software Helping Journals Around the World, Science Editor, September-October, 2008. Not even an abstract is free online, at least so far.
Theodora Bloom and eight co-authors, PLoS Biology at 5: The Future Is Open Access, PLoS Biology, October 28, 2008. Excerpt:
Charles Bailey released his Author's Rights, Tout de Suite on October 27, 2008. From the announcement:
See also our past post about the earlier publication in the series.
Videos of presentations from the CEA conference, Visibilité de la recherche: de la publication aux partenariat (Paris, September 29-30, 2008), are now online. (Thanks to the INIST blog.)
The Canadian Public Domain Registry is looking for librarian beta testers. The registry will collect information about the copyright status of Canadian literary works. See the announcement, dated October 20, 2008. (Thanks to Michael Geist.)
See also the WorldCat Copyright Evidence Registry, a similar project.
Lorna Campbell, Exclude teaching and learning materials from the open access repositories debate. Discuss., Lorna’s JISC CETIS blog, October 27, 2008.
Andrea Kosavic, FSOSS 2008, the relog experiment, October 26, 2008.
The latest issue of On the Horizon, a theme issue on publishing, refereeing, and rankings, is now available. See these relevant articles:
Nicholas Crofts, Digital Assets and Digital Burdens: Obstacles to the Dream of Universal Access, text of a presentation at the 2008 Annual Conference of CIDOC (Athens, September 15 – 18, 2008). (Thanks to FGI.)
From the body of the paper:
International science community agrees on first steps to establish a global virtual library for scientific data, a press release from the International Council for Science (ICSU), October 23, 2008. Excerpt:
PS: There are many links on the page to which the press release refers us. I can find the info on the general assembly but not the report. If anyone has a deep link to the report, please drop me a line.
Update (10/27/08). Andrew Treloar believes this is the report ICSU had in mind, even though it's dated June 2008. Sections 3.2 and 5.3 cover the world data system, although the document covers many other topics as well.
Update (10/27/08). Also see the article in Research Information.
On October 21, 2008, the Sunlight Foundation announced it had launched the Open Senate Project; see the press release or blog post.
Building on the achievements of the Open House Project, the Open Senate project is a bipartisan, collaborative initiative to study the Senate's current information-sharing practices to recommend how to improve public access to the Senate's work on the Web. ...
Joe Clark, Dry post about desirable technical feature, The Tea Makers, October 15, 2008. (Thanks to Michael Geist.)
Jemima Kiss, The BBC can be an open source for all of UK plc, The Guardian, October 6, 2008.
See also our past posts on the BBC Creative Archive.
Matt Haughey, How to get my nerd vote, A Whole Lotta Nothing, October 21, 2008. (Thanks to Boing Boing.)
Michael Geist, Canadian Political Parties Practice Politics 1.0 in a Web 2.0 World, Toronto Star, October 20, 2008.
See also our past posts about open licensing for the presidential debates.
Barrett Sheridan, 'Open Wide...', Newsweek, October 16, 2008.
See also our past posts about PatientsLikeMe.
David Wiley, How about a Utah bill?, iterating toward openness, October 17, 2008.
Brandon, An Interview with Bora Zivkovic, Organizer of Science Online ‘09, Extreme Biology, October 25, 2008.
... I think that my research and publication contributions are dwarfed by the influence I have had as a biology teacher for 16 years, as a science blogger for the past four or so years, as the organizer of three science blogging conferences and editor of two (and the third is coming out soon) science blogging anthologies, as a community manager for PLoS ONE, and as a vocal proponent of the Open Access model of publishing. With those activities, I think I have reached more people in a positive way than with my scientific papers, I have changed more minds, made more people think, spread more good information around, and did more good for the entire enterprise of science than with my research ...
Elena Giglia, The library without walls: images, medical dictionaries, atlases, medical encyclopedias free on web, European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, September 2008; self-archived October 25, 2008. (Thanks to ResourceShelf.) Abstract:
The aim of this article was to present the "reference room" of the Internet, a real library without walls. The reader will find medical encyclopedias, dictionaries, atlases, e-books, images, and will also learn something useful about the use and reuse of images in a text and in a web site, according to the copyright law.
The November/December 2008 issue of EDUCAUSE Review is now available. See especially these articles:
Alberto Gustavo Albesa and Gabriela Prêtre, Estudio comparativo de las publicaciones en revistas de acceso abierto de los investigadores de Argentina y Brasil. (Física) [Comparative study of the publications in OA journals by researchers in Argentina and Brazil (physics)], presented at the 93 Reunión Nacional de Física Argentina / XI Reunión de la Sociedad Uruguaya de Física (Buenos Aires, September 15-19, 2008); self-archived October 24, 2008.
Alberto Gustavo Albesa and Gabriela Prêtre, Estudio comparativo de las publicaciones en revistas de acceso abierto de los investigadores de Argentina y Brasil. (Química) [Comparative study of the publications in OA journals by researchers in Argentina and Brazil (chemistry)], presented at the XXVII Congreso Argentino de Química (San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina, September 17-19, 2008); self-archived October 24, 2008. (Thanks to Alberto Albesa.)
The papers analyze the publications by authors from Argentina and Brazil in OA journals in physics and chemistry, respectively. In both cases, the papers found that the tendency to publish in these journals is increasing year by year, it is still at an early stage of development.
Lorenz Khazaleh, George Marcus: "Journals? Who cares?", anthropologi.info, October 25, 2008. Excerpt:
Comment. Did this transcript miss something or did George Marcus miss something? Even if we concede for the sake of argument that there are no new ideas in the field of anthropology, and that journals are more about advancing careers than advancing research, Marcus' answer was not responsive. Apparently he thinks OA is all about journals, which it isn't. It's all about access, which may be through journals or repositories or many other vehicles (like wikis, ebooks, multimedia webcasts, P2P networks, RSS feeds...). It's as if someone had asked, "What do you think about freedom of speech?" and he answered, "Public speaking? Who cares? It's all grandstanding and vanity."
Update (10/27/08). Lorenz has blogged a response to my comment.
Update. Also see Dorothea Salo's comments.
Chi Nguyen, Flexible Access Control, Federated Identity and Heterogeneous Metadata Supports for Repositories, a presentation at eResearch Australasia 2008 (Melbourne, September 29 - October 3, 2008).