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Mark Kornbluh, From Digital Repositories to Information Habitats: H–Net, the Quilt Index, Cyber Infrastructure, and Digital Humanities, First Monday, August 4, 2008. Abstract:
The growth of collaborative digital humanities projects has resulted in significant sets of diverse and important cultural materials stored digitally and freely available online. This paper presents two major collaborative digital humanities projects: H–Net: Humanities and Social Science OnLine and the Quilt Index. Through effective collaboration among humanities experts and information technologists, such culturally rich digital libraries can mature into information habitats where diverse scholars, teachers, researchers, students, and interested Web users can work with digital objects online.
Cathy Norton, The Encyclopedia of Life, Biodiversity Heritage Library, Biodiversity Informatics and Beyond Web 2.0, First Monday, August 4, 2008. Abstract:
E.O. Wilson, the noted entomologist at Harvard, “wished” for an authoritative encyclopedia of life that would be freely available on the worldwide web for the entire world. On 9 May 2007, The Encyclopedia of Life (EOL) was launched as a multi–institutional initiative whose mission is to create 1.8 million Web sites detailing all the known attributes, history, and behavior, about every known and described species and portraying that information through video, audio, and literature, via the Internet. A major contributor to the Encyclopedia is the Biodiversity Heritage Library that is currently scanning all the core biodiversity literature.See also our past posts on the Encyclopedia of Life.
Update. See also this interview with Wilson:
... And finally, in 2003, I wrote a paper called “The Encyclopedia of Life.” And I said, “What we need is to get out there and search this little-known planet, and then put all the information that we get on species already known into a single great database, an electronic encyclopedia, with a page that’s indefinitely extensible for each species in turn, and that would be available to anybody, any time, anywhere, single access, on command, free.” ...
Project on Government Oversight, Recommended Good Government Reforms for Presidential Transition Teams, report, October 20, 2008. (Thanks to the Sunlight Foundation.) See especially the recommendations on openness:
... As a matter of practice, the federal government should place online all new government-generated or government-collected information that is not exempt from [the Freedom of Information Act]. ...
The October 2008 issue of Computers in Libraries, a theme issue on digitization, is now available. (Thanks to Fabrizio Tinti.) Articles that seem relevant (for articles with no link, not even an abstract is available, at least so far):
Éric Besson, France Numérique 2012: Plan de développement de l’économie numérique [Digital France 2012: Development plan for the digital economy], government report, October 20, 2008. Besson is the French Secretary for the Development of the Digital Economy. (Thanks to Alain Pierrot.)
The plan appears to discuss topics such as a portal for government data, reuse of public sector information, a Francophone digital library portal, conditions on use of reproductions of public domain artwork, and a digital scientific library for higher education and research, among others.
Comment. It's a large report (81 pages, 154 points), and my French isn't very strong, so it'll take some time to pore over this, not to mention the commentary that usually accompanies a report like this. If you have any information, or come across links discussing it (in English or French), please send them to me.
... But it's the absences that are most striking. ... The dynamics of "libre", of collective intelligence? Open innovation, so characteristic of the interesting part of what happens within "Web 2.0"? Nothing at all ...
The AAP and Copyright Alliance want to prod the next President of the US to tilt the unbalanced US copyright law further toward publishers. According to a letter the AAP sent to its members (thanks to James Love and Glyn Moody), the two organizations are trying to identify the positions "that will influence intellectual property policy", and will then "offer suggestions regarding appropriate candidates for these positions to both presidential campaigns."
But first they want to blackball one potential nominee:
Michael Meadon, Science in the South, Ionian Enchantment, October 24, 2008. (Thanks to Subbiah Arunachalam.) Excerpt:
Stephen Godwin, et al., Behind the Scenes with OpenLearn: the Challenges of Researching the Provision of Open Educational Resources, Electronic Journal of e-Learning, April 2008. (Thanks to Open Education News.) Abstract:
Open educational resources are defined as technology-enabled educational resources that are openly available for consultation, use and adaptation by users for non-commercial purposes (UNESCO, 2002). OpenLearn is one of the largest of such initiatives and is committed to the provision of open educational resources for all. It is being developed by The Open University and is primarily sponsored by the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. It provides users with over 4 200 hours of higher educational material drawn from Open University courses. Other learning tools such as discussion forums, video conferencing, and knowledge mapping software are also available to the user. In this paper we introduce OpenLearn and outline some of the main research issues surrounding such an initiative. We seek to explore theoretical and practical approaches that can provide suitable tools for analysis. Activity theory is seen as a suitable approach for macro analysis and its use is illustrated in terms of the complexity of large scale research. Activity theory, besides informing research perspectives, can be turned in upon the research process itself allowing us to consider the challenges and context of the research. By using activity theory in this way and illustrating from a range of practical approaches we demonstrate and illustrate a useful research approach.
John Wilbanks, Chemistry: on the internet or in cyberspace?, Common Knowledge, October 23, 2008.
... A good place to start is the transformation of scholarly communication from "using the internet" to "existing in cyberspace." ...
Elena Giglia, Open Access in the biomedical field: a unique opportunity for researchers (and research itself), Europa Medicophyisica, June 2007; self-archived October 23, 2008. Abstract:
Aim of this article is to offer an overview of the Open Access strategy and its innovative idea of a free scholarly communication. Following the worldwide debate on the crisis of the scholarly communication and the new opportunities of a networked environment, definitions, purposes and real advantages of the Open Access pathway are presented from a researcher's point of view. To maximize the impact and dissemination, by providing free access to the result of the research, two complementary roads are pointed out and explained self-archiving in open archives and publishing in Open Access journals. To let authors make their choice the most useful tools to find one's way in this new reality are shown: directories, search engines, citation tracking projects. The starting survey being done, the article deals in its conclusions with the Open Access challenges and most debated themes: impact and dissemination, new assessment measures alternative to the Impact Factor, new mandatory policies of the funding agencies, questions related to the copyright issue.
Joel Raupe, Kaguya unveils Shackleton's Depths, Lunar Networks, October 24, 2008. Excerpt:
Several newspapers are covering the University of Kashmir conference, Open Access Movement: Initiatives, Promotion and Impact (Kashmir, October 23-25, 2008):
Allam Ahmed and William E. Nwagwu, Building Open Access in Africa, International Journal of Technology Management, forthcoming in 2009.
Update (11/11/08). The full-text is now OA. (Thanks to David Bradley.)
Wendy Smith, Sharing information one citation at a time, Concordia Journal, October 23, 2008. Excerpt:
Beth Ashmore, HathiTrust: A Digital Repository for Libraries, Information Today, October 23, 2008. Excerpt:
Interesting repository user interfaces, JISC Information Environment Team blog, October 23, 2008.
Jonathan Gray, Third COMMUNIA Workshop - Marking the public domain, Open Knowledge Foundation Weblog, October 22, 2008.
See also our past posts on COMMUNIA.
Stijn Hoorens, Lidia Villalba van Dijk, and Christian van Stolk, Embracing the future: Embedding digital repositories in the University of London, RAND Europe, October 2008. A report prepared for the SHERPA-LEAP Consortium. (Thanks to ResourceShelf.) From the blurb:
From the body of the report:
Also see Table 2 (p. 16) for the authors' sense of which stakeholder groups (lecturers, researchers, heads of departments, publishers, librarians, IT department, senior HEI management, and external relations) are motivated by which of these seven incentives.
Comment. I've only had time to skim, but it seems very well done. One exception is that in Section 2.1.4 the authors assume that all OA journals charge publication fees when in fact most do not.
Jim Hu, A note to authors, blogs for industry, October 22, 2008.
A reason to publish in open access journals:As Nick Anthis points out:
To be fair, universities generally offer some kind of off-campus access to electronic journals for their faculty and students. However, these systems often require some sort of premeditation (i.e. signing up to use them while you're still on campus), can be prone to technological hiccups, and/or can be cumbersome to use. ...
William New, World Customs Organization Publications Copyright Policy Questioned, Intellectual Property Watch, October 21, 2008.
The European Physical Journal --a cluster of eight journals-- converted to hybrid OA in November 2006. In November 2007, one of the eight, European Physical Journal C, became a no-fee OA journal for all its articles.
Now that EPJC is completing its first year under the new model, it has decided to continue. From the announcement:
MedlinePlus Turns 10 Years Old, press release, October 22, 2008.
See also our past posts on MedlinePlus.
Andrew Waller, Open Access Resources and Services, presented at the University of Calgary (Calgary, October 20, 2008). Abstract:
This presentation covers some of the basic elements of Open Access as well as some Open Access-related resources and services that are available to library users at the University of Calgary.
Jim Milliot, Open Source Text Publisher Gets More Financing, Publishers Weekly, October 21, 2008.
See also our past posts on Flat World Knowledge.
International science community to establish global virtual library for scientific data, press release, October 23, 2008.
The Japanese National Institute of Informatics launched JAIRO (Japanese Institutional Repositories Online) in beta on October 22, 2008. JAIRO is a portal for federated searching of Japanese IRs, currently including more than half a million items in 80+ IRs. See the announcement here. (Thanks to Charles Bailey.)
Three OA journals have moved to the Open Humanities Press. This brings the OHP journal portfolio up to 10. From the OHP descriptions:
Update (10/24/08). Also see the OHP press release.
Comment. Moore evidently assumes that OA journals have no revenue and cannot be high in quality. His explicit claims are equally uninformed. I don't know a single proponent of OA journals who has quoted Stuart Brand. (Moore is resting on a stereotype here.) And I don't know a single proponent of OA who believes that the case for OA to publicly-funded research implies that all research is publicly funded. These careless assertions would not survive peer review.
Infovell Adds Major Scholarly Publishers, Broadens Reach into Deep Web, press release, October 21, 2008.
Dorothea Salo, Content, presentation, and behavior, Caveat Lector, October 20, 2008.
Les Carr, Data Access in Repositories - Don't Overlook What We Already Have!, RepositoryMan, October 21, 2008.
Matt Cockerill, BioMed Central acquired by Springer Science+Business Media, BioMed Central Blog, October 21, 2008.
Björn Ortelbach, et al., Journal Prices Revisited: A Regression Analysis of Prices in the Scholarly Journal Market, Serials Review, September 2008. Only this abstract is free online, at least so far:
Increasing prices of scholarly journals have been subject to fierce discussion for several decades. In this paper the authors integrate influence factors of journal prices analyzed in different previous studies in a unified regression model based on current data. Three different models are calculated. In the first model (overall market) the largest influence was found for the size of the journal. Additionally, the authors calculate separate regression models for STM (Scientific, Technical, Medical) vs. HSS (Humanities and Social Sciences) journals and for for-profit vs. not-for-profit journals. The first comparison found that the influence of the number of published articles is much lower for HSS journals. The comparison between for-profit and not-for-profit journals showed that the influence of the circulation of a journal on its price is higher in the for-profit segment.
Gretchen Gueguen, Institutional Repositories: Design and Development, Panel Discussion, LITA Blog, October 21, 2008. Blog notes from the Library and Information Technology Association National Forum 2008 (Cincinnati, October 16-19, 2008). Notes on the following presentations:
Comment. One of the great virtues of the Registry of Open Access Repositories (ROAR) is the graph for each repository showing the daily growth in its deposits. RRS takes this a step further and shows weekly deposit totals (in numbers, not graphics), clustered together with the totals for all other repositories from the same country. You pick the country. It not only gives us a useful new tool for monitoring the growth of green OA, but serves as a living example of the usefulness of the reusability of open data --in this case, ROAR's.
The Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Creation and Dissemination of Knowledge (New Delhi, October 15-17, 2008) are now online.
New Data Resource to Advance Computer-Aided Drug Design, press release, October 9, 2008. (Thanks to Chemistry Central.)
John Tagliabue, Bringing a Trove of Medieval Manuscripts Online for the Ages, The New York Times, October 20, 2008.
The virtual library CESG and its related content is offered exclusively for personal, non-commercial use. It is not allowed to publish, redistribute, license or sell images, metadata or other content of CESG ...
See also our past posts on the digitization project at St. Gallen.
APPOSITIONS: Studies in Renaissance / Early Modern Literature and Culture is a new peer-reviewed OA journal edited by W. Scott Howard in the Department of English at the University of Denver. The inaugural issue was released in May 2008. The journal is published under the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.
JISC, Opening up resources for learning, press release, October 13, 2008.
Lisa Phelps, Journal of Biomedical Science is moving to open access with BioMed Central, BioMed Central Blog, October 20, 2008.
Comment. Who was the previous publisher of this journal, you ask? Why, none other than BioMed Central's new parent company, Springer. Coincidence?
Stevan Harnad, Gold OA Fees, Whether for Submission of for Publication, Are Premature, Open Access Archivangelism, October 20, 2008.
Submission fees as a potential means of covering peer review costs have been mooted since at least 1999 and much discussed across the years in the American Scientist Open Access Forum. They are indeed a promising and potentially viable mechanism for covering the costs of peer review.
Farhan Zafar, HEC to provide free access to digital library, (Pakistan) Daily Times, October 18, 2008.
The Higher Education Commission (HEC) has formally launched its unique Digital Library program to provide students, faculty members and researchers free access to over 25,000 international journals and 45,000 textbooks anywhere in the country.See also our past posts on the Pakistan Digital Library.
Jane Park, An Interview with Frances Pinter of Bloomsbury Academic, Creative Commons blog, October 20, 2008. Excerpt:
PS: Also see our past posts on Bloomsbury Academic.
Amelia Breytenbach and Ria Groenewald, The African Elephant: A digital collection of anatomical sketches as part of the University of Pretoria's Institutional Repository – a case study, OCLC Systems & Services, 24, 4, (2008) pp. 240-251. (The DOI-based URL does not work.) Only this abstract is free online, at least so far (excerpt):
Update (5/17/09). The authors have now self-archived an OA edition of the paper --and Emerald has recognized the paper as an Outstanding Paper Award Winner at the Literati Network Awards for Excellence 2009. (Congratulations to Amelia and Ria!)
Claudia Koltzenburg, Check-listing digital objects in context, OCLC Systems & Services, 24, 4 (2008) pp. 227-239. (The DOI-based URL does not work.) Only this abstract is free online, at least so far:
Danny Kingsley, Those who don't look don't find: disciplinary considerations in repository advocacy, OCLC Systems & Services, 24, 4 (2008) pp. 204-218. (The DOI-based URL does not work.) Abstract:
Update. Also see the OA edition, self-archived 2/19/08.
A.I. Bonilla-Calero, Scientometric analysis of a sample of physics-related research output held in the institutional repository Strathprints (2000-2005), Library Review, 57, 9 (2008) pp. 700-721. (The DOI-based URL does not work.) Only this abstract is free online, at least so far:
Metallomics is not committing itself to full, long-term OA. But on its access and subscription page, it commits itself to a model well beyond the short, free trial periods I don't bother to blog:
Paul Miller, Michele Kimpton and Sandy Payette Talk with Talis about DSpace, Fedora, and collaboration, Xiphos blog, October 10, 2008. The duration is 51:03.
In our latest podcast I talk with Michele Kimpton and Sandy Payette. Michele is Executive Director of the DSpace Foundation, and Sandy the Executive Director of Fedora Commons. We discuss the repository software solutions offered by each community, before exploring the implications of their recent announcement of a collaboration between the two organisations. ...
Update (10/21/08). A colleague points out that the article I examined for licensing info yesterday has been deposited in PMC, and that the PMC copy has a CC-BY license. (The whole BMJ backfile, from 1840 to July 2008, is on deposit in PMC.) This suggests that BMJ intends to make its OA research articles libre OA, not merely gratis OA, and that it hasn't yet added the licensing info to the journal copy of the article.
As long as I'm writing an update, let me add that in the first version of my post I mistakenly said that BMJ was making all its articles OA, when in fact it's only making its research articles OA. I noticed and corrected the error a couple of hours later. But I've since heard from several correspondents responding to the original version. I'm glad to take this opportunity to draw attention to the error and its correction.
Paul Miller, Savas Parastatidis and Alex Wade talk with Talis about Microsoft Research, Famulus, Scholarly Communication and Semantic Computing, Xiphos blog, October 15, 2008. The duration is 39:25.
See also our past posts on Microsoft Research.
JISC, Updates on the SCA, podcast, October 20, 2008. The duration is 9:19. Summary:
The Strategic Content Alliance (SCA) works with public sector bodies across the UK to develop a framework to share and access information. The SCA is currently running a series of workshops in England, Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland to incorporate the regional challenges into this framework.See also our past posts on the Strategic Content Alliance.
Ellen Nakashima, Genome Database Will Link Genes, Traits in Public View, The Washington Post, October 18, 2008. (Thanks to Garrett Eastman.)
George Church wants to put his personal genetic blueprint online for all to see ...See also our past post on the Personal Genome Project.
The Open Archives Initiative released the production version (v. 1) of its Object Reuse and Exchange specifications (OAI-ORE) on October 17, 2008. From the press release:
Over the past two years the Open Archives Initiative (OAI), in a project called Object Reuse and Exchange (OAI-ORE), has gathered international experts from the publishing, web, library, repository, and eScience communities to develop standards for the identification and description of aggregations of Web resources. These standards provide the foundation for applications and services that can visualize, preserve, transfer, summarize, and improve access to the aggregations that people use in their daily Web interaction: including multiple page Web documents, multiple format documents in institutional repositories, scholarly data sets, and online photo and music collections. The OAI-ORE standards leverage the core Web architecture and concepts emerging from related efforts including the semantic web, linked data, and Atom syndication. As a result, they integrate both with the emerging machine-readable web, Web 2.0, and the future evolution of networked information.See also our past posts on OAI-ORE.
Celeste Monforton, Lesson for Labor Dept about Open Access, The Pump Handle, October 14, 2008. Describes how the U.S. Labor Department, in posting comments submitted on a proposed regulation, declined to post an attachment from an OA journal due to concerns about "copyright protections".
You may have noticed some glitches in Blogger's display of OAN lately.
I suspect the problems are related but I just don't know. I haven't revised my blog template for months. I'm stumped and apologize for the poor service.
If you think you know what's going wrong, or how to fix either problem, please let me know.
Update. I just posted a longer description of the problem to the Blogger help group. As soon as I did, both problems disappeared. If only one could count on this effect--
Elisabeth Jones, E-Science Talking Points for ARL Deans and Directors, Association of Research Libraries, October 15, 2008. (Thanks to Charles Bailey.) Excerpt:
Copyright and the move towards Open Content, Li's work blog, October 20, 2008. Excerpt:
Nature Publishing Group launched an OA supplement on neuropsychiatric disease on October 16, 2008. The supplement is sponsored by Lilly.
See also our past posts about NPG's OA supplements: on genomic medicine in developing countries, quantum coherence, Planet Earth, proteins to proteomes, ageing, neglected diseases, AIDS, and glycochemistry & glycobiology.
Georgina Prodhan, Google doubles book-scan publisher partners, Reuters, October 15, 2008.
See also our past posts on Google Book Search.
Update. See also this Library Journal story on the Random House connection.
ARROW posted 7 new documents on October 17, 2008:
Medknow, Four new launches on Open Access Day, October 2008.
Medknow is pleased to announce launch of two new open access journals. These are
China Joins WorldWideScience Alliance, press release, October 14, 2008.
See also our past posts on WorldWideScience.
Gavin Baker, Submission fees: a means of defraying costs for OA journals?, A Journal of Insignificant Inquiry, October 16, 2008.
... The [article-processing charge] model is compatible with other revenue streams, such as underwriting by sponsoring organization ..., donations, philanthropic grants, advertising, sales of print subscriptions, sales of merchandise, etc. So let me touch a third rail and suggest another method of defraying costs for OA journals: submission fees.
Gavin Baker, Growth of DOAJ: steady 2003-2007, major spike in 2008, A Journal of Insignificant Inquiry, October 17, 2008.
Update. See also Heather Morrison's comments highlighting some of the potential factors in interpreting the data.
Janneke Adema, Open Access and eBooks, Open Reflections, October 18, 2008.
See also our past posts about OAPEN.
Repository widgets, JISC Information Environment Team, October 17, 2008.
Update. See also this email from David Gadd of ICO3:
... ICO3 are now seeking feedback on these widgets from people with an interest in repositories. Feedback is welcome via email or if you would like to have a free one on one consultation with someone from ICO3 to show how widgets can be embedded in your repository work then please do not hesitate to contact us ...
Ken Roberts, CLA Welcomes New Open Access Interest Group, announcement, October 14, 2008.
See also Heather Morrison's blog post.
MLibrary and Creative Commons Licenses, undated but apparently recent. See also the announcement on the Creative Commons blog.
Lawrence Lessig's new book, Remix: Making Art and Commerce Thrive in the Hybrid Economy, was released on October 16, 2008. An OA, CC-licensed edition will be released soon. A release event will be held in San Francisco on October 29.
Kent Anderson, Business Model Mystery, The Scholarly Kitchen, October 16, 2008. Excerpt:
Comment. Anderson may support some kinds of toll access (see the second to last sentence of my excerpt), but I appreciate his call to publishers to use their imagination, and their expertise, to find creative new business models to meet new needs.
Clay Shirky, It's Not Information Overload. It's Filter Failure, a 24 minute video of his presentation at Web 2.0 Expo (New York, September 16-19, 2008). Thanks to Kate Sheehan for the alert and some blog notes on the talk.
Comment. Shirky's thesis is in his title, and it's exactly right. It matters for OA because every now and then someone seriously argues that price tags are a good solution to the problem of information overload. My response to that argument focuses on the OA context more than Shirky does, but presses the same general thesis. See for example this article from November 2004,
and this one from March 2005,
Valdinéa Sonia Petinari, Repositórios digitais de acesso livre de monografias na área a ciência da informação, an undergraduate thesis at the Faculdade de Biblioteconomia,Pontíficia Universidade Católica de Campinas, 2007. In Portuguese with this English-language abstract:
For example, here's the home page for the JISC-Repositories list. Note the Depot link at the top of the right-hand sidebar.
From the announcement (October 15, 2008):
For more details, including a screen shot and a short Depot FAQ, see the JISCmail page on the new service.
PS: Also see our past posts on the Depot.