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Stevan Harnad, The OA Deposit-Fee Kerfuffle: APA's Not Responsible; NIH Is. PART II, Open Access Archivangelism, July 19, 2008.
PS: This is just a summary. The rest of the post responds to my responses to Stevan's earlier posts in this series. I'll let him have the last word.
Crowdsourcing ideas on repository definition, JISC Information Environment Team blog, July 18, 2008.
Walt Crawford has launched a useful cluster of pages on OA at the PALINET wiki. Currently the cluster includes a wikified version of my Very Brief Introduction to OA, a wikified version of my Open Access Overview, and these pages written and compiled by Walt himself --but now open for public editing:
These two pages in the cluster are currently empty but should start to fill out soon:
Norm Medeiros, Access Revolution: The Birth, Growth, and Supremacy of Electronic Journals as an Information Medium, the author version, in Wayne Jones (ed.) E-Journals Access and Management, Routledge 2008, chapter 12, pp. 187-199.
PS: The article focuses on priced online access and has a brief overview of OA in the final paragraph.
If you remember, last week the APA posted a policy (1) charging a $2,500 fee to deposit author manuscripts in PubMed Central, and (2) revoking the APA's long-standing green policy, or permission to self-archive, at least for NIH-funded authors.
The new interim policy drops the deposit fee and reaffirms the green policy, even for NIH-funded authors. Excerpt:
Dutch Universities in Partnership with India, NIS News, July 17, 2008. (Thanks to Subbiah Arunachalam.) Excerpt:
From the Memorandum of Understanding (not online) signed by Sijbolt Noorda, President of the VSNU, and Dayanand Dongaonkar, Secretary General of the AIU:
On July 16, the European Commission has released a green paper on Copyright in the Knowledge Economy. (Thanks to IP Watch.) From the EC press release:
... With this Green Paper, the Commission plans to have a structured debate on the long-term future of copyright policy in the knowledge intensive areas. In particular, the Green Paper is an attempt to structure the copyright debate as it relates to scientific publishing, the digital preservation of Europe's cultural heritage, orphan works, consumer access to protected works and the special needs for the disabled to participate in the information society. The Green Paper points to future challenges in the fields of scientific and scholarly publishing, search engines and special derogations for libraries, researchers and disabled people. ...From the green paper:
The purpose of the Green Paper is to foster a debate on how knowledge for research, science and education can best be disseminated in the online environment. The Green Paper aims to set out a number of issues connected with the role of copyright in the "knowledge economy" and intends to launch a consultation on these issues.The green paper ends with a call for comments, due November 30, 2008. There are a specific set of questions raised in the green paper, but responses may be open-ended and address other issues.
Comment. Question 19 is the one perhaps most relevant to OA:
Should the scientific and research community enter into licensing schemes with publishers in order to increase access to works for teaching or research purposes? Are there examples of successful licensing schemes enabling online use of works for teaching or research purposes?
Update. Public comments on the green paper are due by November 30, 2008. Send them to email@example.com.
Juan Freire, La edición científica y la cruda realidad del acceso abierto, soitu.es, July 15, 2008. Read it in the original Spanish or Google's English.
Manoj K. Das, Storehouse of space data, The New Indian Express, July 17, 2008. (Thanks to Subbiah Arunachalam.)
Joining hands with a global initiative to build up science data, India is setting up a huge repository of space information which will be made available free to all universities and scientists across the world. ...
On July 18, BioMed Central announced a new peer-reviewed OA journal, BioData Mining. The inaugural issue is now available. The article-processing charge is £800 (€1000, US$1590), subject to discounts and waivers. Authors retain copyright to their work, and articles are released under the Creative Commons Attribution license.
Print-on-demand publisher Lulu (which offers an OA option for content providers) and document sharing site Scribd are partnering, according to ReadWriteWeb. Lulu will begin making some of their OA content available in Scribd's iPaper format (a "sort of a YouTube for PDFs"), including utilizing iPaper's ability to embed AdSense ads within the documents. (Thanks to Adam Hodgkin.)
Michael Nielsen, The Future of Science, Michael Nielsen's blog, July 17, 2008. Excerpt:
Stuart Lewis, About to load test DEF repositories, Stuart Lewis' Blog, July 18, 2008. Excerpt:
The two presentations from the government-sponsored conference, Open Access in European Union and Lithuania (Vilnius, May 7, 2008), are now online:
Cameron Neylon has blog notes on a satellite meeting of the EuroScience Open Forum (Barcelona, July 18-22, 2008):
Update. See also the reflections by Neylon:
... There is a real sense that the ideas of Open Access and Open Data are becoming mainstream. As several speakers commented, within 12-18 months it will be very unusual for any leading institution not to have a policy on Open Access to its published literature. In many ways as far as Open Access to the published literature is concerned the war has been won. ...
Update. Also see the blog notes of Victor Henning.
Update. Also see the blog notes of Jia Hepeng.
Update. Also see the blog notes of Donna Wentworth.
Update. Also see the blog notes of Jonathan Gray.
Update. See also the blog notes by Maynard S. Clark.
Charles Bailey reports that the University of Minnesota Press will publish Digitize This Book! The Politics of New Media, or Why We Need Open Access Now by Gary Hall in October 2008. From the book's description:
Two million pages can be accessed from UF Libraries’ Digital Collections, InsideUF, July 17, 2008.
Next Stop, Don't Block the Doors: Opening Up Access to Clinical Trials Results, editorial, PLoS Medicine, July 15, 2008.
See also our earlier post on the FDAAA.
James Evans has an article in the July 18 issue of Science Magazine, showing that when researchers have access to more papers, they cite fewer of them in their own work. The July 18 isn't yet online, but here's an article from today's Economist about Evans' research. (Thanks to Heather Joseph). Excerpt:
Update (7/18/08). Evans' paper is now online: Electronic Publication and the Narrowing of Science and Scholarship, Science, July 18, 2008. Only this abstract and the supporting online material are free online:
Update (7/18/08). Brandon Keim's blog post on the article at Wired Science has triggered a discussion in the comment section.
Update (7/18/08). Also see Lila Guterman, Access to Online Journals Reduces Breadth of Citations, Study Finds, Chronicle of Higher Education, July 18, 2008 (accessible only to subscribers). Excerpt:
Update (7/19/08). Also see Bill Hooker's analysis. Excerpt:
Update (7/19/08). Bora Zivkovic has collected a good number of early comments on the paper.
Update (1/5/09). Also see the January 2, 2009, letter to the editor of Science by Yves Gingras, Vincent LaRiviere, and Eric Archambault. Excerpt:
NIH Public Access Policy Does Not Affect U.S. Copyright Law, an analysis by the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition and the Association of Research Libraries, July 11, 2008. See also the full analysis. From the summary:
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) recently implemented a congressionally approved Public Access Policy designed to increase the scientific and social impact of NIH funding. ...
Médecins Sans Frontières, which announced its institutional repository in May 2008, has repeated the announcement, July 15, 2008. (Thanks to Matt Cockerill and Subbiah Arunachalam.) From the new announcement:
PS: The MSF repository was built by BMC's OpenRepository service.
International Study on the Impact of Copyright Law on Digital Preservation, a report jointly produced by Library of Congress National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program, the Joint Information Systems Committee, the Open Access to Knowledge (OAK) Law Project, and the SURFfoundation, July 2008. Excerpt:
Update (7/18/08). I'm happy to say that my third bullet point was hasty. The report does make clear that OA facilitates preservation and makes statutory amendments unnecessary. See pp. 35, 43, 44, and 103. (Thanks to Jessica Coates.)
Ethan Zuckerman, The Complexity of Sharing Scientific Databases, WorldChanging, July 16, 2008. Excerpt:
Priya Shetty, Comment: The developing world needs its own science journals, New Scientist, July 9, 2008. Excerpt:
Comments. I'd supplement this sensible op-ed in two ways:
The Gates Foundation has given a $900,000 grant to The Future of Children, a peer-reviewed OA journal from Princeton's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs and the Brookings Institution. For details, see the Princeton press release.
NARA Joins World Digital Library, Library Journal Academic Newswire, July 15, 2008.
Librarian of Congress James H. Billington and Archivist of the United States Allen Weinstein announced this week that the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) will become a founding partner in the World Digital Library (WDL). Launched in 2005 by the Library of Congress in cooperation with the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the WDL will make a wealth of primary materials from countries and cultures around the world freely available on the Internet.
A Thaw in Franco-Google Relations? Google Books Signs First French Library, Library Journal Academic Newswire, July 15, 2008.
... [Google] this week announced that it had signed its 29th library partner for Google Book Search. Google officials announced that the Lyon Municipal Library, France’s second largest library after the national library in Paris, and the project’s first partner in France, has signed on to make more than 500,000 books available online as part of Google’s Book Search Library project.See also coverage at The Bookseller.
Update. See also coverage at The Bookseller on why the Lyon library opted to work with Google rather than with France's national digitization program.
Update. See also the post at the Google Book Search blog.
Richard Akerman, Mandatory IR deposit as of 2009 for National Research Council Canada, Science Library Pad, July 15, 2008.
Peter Hirtle, Copyright Renewal, Copyright Restoration, and the Difficulty of Determining Copyright Status, D-Lib Magazine, July/August 2008.
Kat Hagedorn and Joshua Santelli, Google Still Not Indexing Hidden Web URLs, D-Lib Magazine, July/August 2008. Excerpt:
Update (7/29/08). Also see Wouter Gerritsma's comments on this article.
Update (7/29/08). Also see the note on this article in Wired Campus, the blog of the Chronicle of Higher Education. See especially the comments from readers.
Stevan Harnad, In Defense of the American Psychological Association's Green OA Policy, Open Access Archivangelism, July 16, 2008.
Update. Stevan has responded to my comments and restated his position: The OA Deposit-Fee Kerfuffle: APA's Not Responsible; NIH Is, Open Access Archivangelism, July 17, 2008. Excerpt:
Comments on Stevan's July 17 post:
Damyanti Patel and Owen Stephens have a series of blog posts on the JISC Innovation Forum (Keele, U.K., July 15-16, 2008):
Shannon Bohle, The choices you make extend beyond delivering digital content, Library Journal, July 15, 2008. Excerpt:
Even after collecting the fee, the APA will not deposit the published version of the article, will not allow OA release for 12 months, will not allow authors to deposit in PMC themselves (and bypass the fee), will not allow authors to deposit in any other OA repository, and will not allow authors to retain copyright.
Update (7/16/08). This morning the APA policy page deleted the language summarized above and replaced it with these paragraphs:
Update (7/16/08). Also see Kevin Smith's comment, Making Elsevier Look Good:
Rangifer, the journal of "Research, Management and Husbandry of Reindeer and other Northern Ungulates", has converted to OA after 26 years of TA publication. Rangifer is published by the Nordic Council for Reindeer Husbandry Research, uses CC-BY licenses, and has earned a SPARC Europe seal of approval. (Thanks to Jan Erik Frantsvåg.)
Jim Till, Webcast of funder policy session at ELPUB 2008, Be openly accessible or be obscure, July 15, 2008.
The goal of this list is to catalog the basic themes in financing OA journals, and all the extant variations on those themes. From the scope notes:
The list has reached a critical mass but still needs a lot of work. Remember that OAD is a wiki, and you can help keep its lists comprehensive, accurate, and up to date.
The Names Project is a JISC-funded initiative "to scope the requirements of UK institutional and subject repositories for a service that will reliably and uniquely identify individuals and institutions". The Software Requirements Specification for the Names prototype name authority service was released on July 11, 2008. (Thanks to Charles Bailey.)
Melanie Dulong de Rosnay, Opening Access in a Networked Science. A new contribution to the Publius Project of Harvard's Berkman Center for Internet and Society, July 14, 2008 (and a response to my contribution, The opening of science and scholarship). Excerpt:
Tracey Caldwell, Scan and Deliver, Information World Review, July 11, 2008. (Thanks to Charles Bailey.)
... The British Library has digitisation projects going on all fronts ... Three of its projects are funded by JISC, which is supporting 16 digitisation schemes in the UK to the tune of £10m. ...
Update. See Stevan Harnad's comments:
The SJI responses accuse Poynder of libel and racism. Both charges are gratuitous. The libel charge looks like an attempt to intimidate and the racism charge looks like an attempt to change the subject. I know Poynder's work well and have often blogged it. He's a careful, fair-minded, and professional journalist. Moreover, his original post consisted of questions without answers. SJI is not helping its cause. (Disclosure: Poynder interviewed me in October 2007.)Stevan Harnad's comments on that anonymous former referee).
Update (10/6/08). Stevan Harnad and I issued a joint statement in support of Richard Poynder.
Update (10/24/08). SJI posted a five-point response to the questions about its peer review process.
Françoise Thibault, Écrire et diffuser la science : les défis majeurs de l’Open access, Médecine Sciences, June-July 2008. An editorial. In French. No abstract.
Also see from the same issue: Jean-Claude Guédon, Repenser le sens de la communication scientifique : l’accès libre. Includes an English abstract:
PS: For some reason, Google Translate doesn't work on these articles.
Update. From the same issue, also see Pierre Bérard, Sur le rôle des publications en mathématiques, which discusses the use of Arxiv, HAL, OAI-PMH, Gallica, and NUMDAM for mathematics research. (Thanks to Gavin Baker.)
Rufus Pollock, Open Software Service Definition Launched, Open Knowledge Foundation Weblog, July 14, 2008. Excerpt:
Svetlana Shkolnikova, Online 'open textbooks' save students cash, USA Today, July 10, 2008. (Thanks to Georgia Harper.)
As textbook prices skyrocket, college students and faculty seeking more affordable options increasingly are turning to "open textbooks" as an alternative.See also the comments by Harper:
... Open access is just one part of a much bigger and more complex picture. I am very optimistic that open access will find its way into the book market (or what we call books today), but again, it's not like that will cut off the flow of revenues. Quite the contrary. It just makes it possible for a lot more people to benefit from the work of authors while authors and those who help them ready their works for public consumption still reap sufficient financial rewards to make creating worthwhile. Maybe the biggest stumbling block is understanding that as a copyright owner, you don't have to appropriate every cent of public benefit from your work. There's viability in skimming off the top and letting some of the benefit go to those who never would have been able to buy your book anyway. That concept seems really counter-intuitive to many authors and publishers, but I think it's what makes open access a successful competitor -- authors and publishers can still get paid (if that's what they want) but people who would not have had access also derive benefit. ...
Is psychiatric research corrupted by drug money? Senator Charles Grassley (R-IA) wants to know and is asking the Senate to investigate the financing of the American Psychiatric Association.
How can psychiatrists clear the air? Here's one answer, quoted in yesterday's New York Times: