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The World Intellectual Property Organization's Committee on Development and Intellectual Property met in Geneva on July 7-11, 2008. Among the statements made was the following by the Electronic Frontier Foundation:
... WIPO could undertake a study of the impact of these new innovation methods to identify the impacts of standardized, low-transaction cost licensing and a survey of the various Open and Public Access policies being considered in the US, Europe, Australia, Brazil and Canada, to assist Member States to identify how the outputs of government funded research could be managed to best promote innovation in science and education. ...See also the statement by the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions and the coverage at IP Watch (1, 2, 3).
Update. See also the blog notes from Knowledge Ecology International.
Yaşar Tonta, Open Access and Institutional Repositories: The Turkish Landscape, in Turkish Libraries in Transition: New Opportunities and Challenges, 2008; self-archived July 10, 2008. Abstract:
The development of the “Open Access” (OA) movement since early 1990s has been radically changing the scientific communication landscape. Within the last decade more universities and research institutions are recommending their scholars to make their works freely accessible through their web sites and/or institutional repositories (IRs). The research impact of OA articles as measured by the number of citations is much higher than that of printed ones. Several universities have developed policies to mandate OA and set up IRs to guarantee public access to the output of publicly funded research projects. Refereed journal articles, conference papers, theses and dissertations, and courseware (i.e., lecture notes, audio and video records of lectures) can be given as examples of such research output. This paper defines the concepts of OA and IR and briefly reviews the current situation of IRs in Europe. It then chronicles the development of IRs in Turkey. The paper concludes with some recommendations.
Alejandra Marcela Nardi, La ciencia, un recurso público, La Voz del Interior, July 8, 2008. (Thanks to Vilma Raquel Fontana.) English abstract:
This note explains the importance and scope that holds for developing countries the movement called "Open Archives Initiative." The author mentions a project currently in the Biblioteca Manuel Belgrano de la Facultad de Ciencias Económicas de la Universidad Nacional de Córdoba (Argentina). A summary of this note was published in a newspaper widely recognized and trajectory of the city of Córdoba (Argentina), La Voz del Interior. The purpose of this communication in the newspaper is that society knows the changes that are occurring in the system of scientific communication.
Kimberly Barlow, Open Access: Online archives, University Times (from the University of Pittsburgh), July 10, 2008. (Thanks to Colin Steele.) Excerpt:
Kate Price, Results of repository/research database poll, a message to the JISC-Repositories list, July 9, 2008. Excerpt:
Update. In blogging the same Kate Price message, Charles Bailey adds the following:
Veerle Van den Eynden, Michael P. Oatham, and Winston Johnson, How free access web-based electronic resources benefit biodiversity and conservation research – Trinidad and Tobago's endemic plants and their conservation status, Oryx, July 2008. Only this abstract is free online, at least so far:
Thanks to Kevin Zelnio for the alert and for blogging this excerpt inaccessible to me:
For me, his post is more evidence that the desire for personal publication lists (handsome, comprehensive, up to date) can motivate self-archiving. This incentive for populating repositories isn't limited to SelectedWorks, and was taken up by PublicationsList in April 2007 and by EM-Loader in June 2008.
Update. Charles Bailey points out that RePEC offers a related tool for creating Customized Publication Compilations. These are not lists of one's own publications but lists of publications by selected authors or publications on a topic of interest.
Lisa Conti, Filtered Science, Stimulating Aliquot, July 10, 2008. Excerpt:
PS: See my past posts on how OA promotes science journalism, not just original research.
From Salzberg's paper in Nature:
Nature's editorial in the same issue calls for redoubled efforts to prepare for an avian flu pandemic, but doesn't comment on Salzberg's call for open data.
Related: See my past posts on OA to avian flu data.
K. S. Jayaraman, Open archives — the alternative to open access, SciDev.net, July 9, 2008. Excerpt:
Massimo Sandal, Future of open access could be online and peer-reviewed, Nature, July 10, 2008. A letter to the editor. Excerpt:
Update. Also see Barbara Kirsop's comment, concluding that the Nature headlines, not OA, do more harm than good.
More details from the about page:
PS: GR's policy is to make all its articles OA after a six month moving wall and to offer an immediate OA option for a $2,000 fee.
M.D. Brazas and four co-authors, Keeping pace with the data: 2008 update on the Bioinformatics Links Directory, Nucleic Acids Research, July 1, 2008. Because the article isn't yet online at the journal site, I'm linking to the abstract at PubMed.
Update. The article is now online and OA at the journal site. (Thanks to Francis Ouellette.)
Colin Steele, We must e-publish or perish, The Australian, July 9, 2008. Excerpt:
Charles Bailey, Elsevier Says Its 2009 Journal Price Increases Average Six Percent or Less, DigitalKoans, July 8, 2008.
Stevan Harnad, Batch Deposits in Institutional Repositories (the SWORD protocol), Open Access Archivangelism, July 9, 2008. Excerpt:
Comment. Here's a little more of the context. The Nature Publishing Group (NPG) is willing to deposit peer-reviewed manuscripts from NPG journals in institutional repositories, at least for authors bound by institutional OA mandates. But it "will need institutional repositories to accept automated deposits by publishers on behalf of authors, preferably using a similar batch upload service to that offered by PubMed Central...." Now we know that EPrints and DSpace support batch uploads --and of course if they do, then the vast majority of IRs around the world do so as well. Good news. The ball is in NPG's court.
Kristopher A. Nelson, The Impact of Government-Mandated Public Access to Biomedical Research: An Analysis of the New NIH Depository Requirements. A preprint, self-archived June 2008.
From the conclusion:
Richard Danner, Applying the Access Principle in Law: The Responsibilities of the Legal Scholar, International Journal of Legal Information, Vol. 35, No. 355, Winter 2007. (Thanks to Joe Hodnicki.)
Kathleen Sullivan, Education faculty to make articles available to all, Stanford Report, July 9, 2008. Excerpt:
The presentations from Pubblicazioni scientifiche, diritti d’autore ed Open Access: Il punto di vista di ricercatori, editori e biblioteche (Trento, June 20, 2008) are now available online.
Comment. We previously blogged one of the presentations from this conference.
Francis Deblauwe, Ancient Righting: Archaeologists & Copyright, iCommons.org, July 7, 2008.
From 6-8 June, I was lucky enough to be able to attend a scholarly symposium at UCLA in sunny Southern California: the UCLA/Getty Storage Symposium. Preservation and Access to Archaeological Materials. I live blogged it on the IW&A Blog. ... [O]ne issue that reoccurred several times was how to deal with copyright inside a very specialised, niche academic discipline.
Material Contributions To Open Access, Open Chemistry Web, July 7, 2008.
The Free Our Data blog describes a new service from the UK's Office of Public Sector Information to navigate issues in re-using government data:
Contrasting Open Source Software and Open Access, Plausible Accuracy, July 7, 2008.
In an article published July 8 in PLoS Biology, a group of researchers describe their efforts to establish an OA "gene wiki" to collect information on the relationship and function of human genes. See also the description from the PLoS press release:
.. There is a lot of potential information about any given gene—its name, sequence, position on a chromosome, the protein(s) it encodes, other gene(s) it interacts with, etc. and presenting this information is referred to as 'gene annotation.' As information may come from many different researchers working independently, it is important that resources exist to collect the information together. Existing annotation libraries include Gene Portals and Model Organism Databases—however, the information stored in these is considered to be definitive, which requires constant updates by specific experts and formal presentation of information. The work reported in this week's PLoS Biology is intended to allow a much more flexible, organic accumulation of science, with all readers also able to edit and add to the Gene Wiki pages.
The presentations from ICSTI 2008, New Frontiers for Scientific and Technical Communication (Seoul, June 11-12, 2008), are now online.
Stevan Harnad, Automatic search for OA versions of cited articles, Open Access Archivangelism, July 8, 2008. Excerpt:
Comment. Paracite is great and I'm glad Stevan had a chance to remind everyone that it exists. (It hasn't gotten much notice recently.) But I'd answer Matt's question differently. Matt is right that facing a pay-per-view screen means you didn't click on a link to an OA copy of an article, even if there is an OA edition of the same article elsewhere. And he's right it would be very useful to click on a citation in a reference list and go straight to an OA copy of the full-text. That's a reason to publish in OA journals. But it's also a reason to link to OA repository copies when they exist, even when we also link to TA copies in TA journals, and it's a reason to deposit all our paper in OA repositories. We could shift the question to the relative strategic priorities of gold and green OA, but we don't have to. Giving priority to gold OA is not a reason to change the definition of OA to exclude green OA, any more than giving priority to green OA is a reason to change the definition of OA to exclude gold OA. That was the original question. Let's pursue green and gold OA in parallel and hold to the definition of OA which embraces both.
Isabella Meinecke, Eine Verbindung mit Zukunft: Bibliotheken, E-Journals und Open Access, a slide presentation at Deutscher Bibliothekartag (Mannheim, June 3-6, 2008).
The sponsors of the Workshop on Using Open Access Models for Science Dissemination (Trieste, July 7-16, 2008) are posting videos of the presentations as they occur. (Thanks to Leslie Chan.)
Nature Publishing Group to archive on behalf of authors, a press release from the Nature Publishing Group, July 8, 2008. Excerpt:
Update. Also see Stevan Harnad's comment: "...If Nature really wants to help OA, then dropping its access embargo would be a lot more helpful than saving authors from having to do a few keystrokes...."
Update. EPrints and DSpace do support batch uploads, meeting the NPG conditions for IR deposits.
Update. Also see Dorothea Salo's comment:
PS: This is a very welcome development. The Open Ed movement has needed this for a long time. I wish everyone at OEN the best, and I recommend that OAN readers with an interest in open education make it part of their daily routine.
Francesca Valentini, Le pubblicazioni in Open Access: versioni, validazione e valutazione, presented at Pubblicazioni scientifiche, diritti d’autore ed Open Access: il punto di vista di ricercatori, editori e biblioteche (Trento, June 20, 2008). English abstract:
This presentation focuses on peer review and version identification of digital objects as a means for Open Access scientific outputs to finally enter the "exclusive world" of research evaluation and assessment, as well as for OA repositories to become part of research assessment workflows. Some versioning projects are presented, in the frame of Italian and British research assessment situations.
SPARC Europe and DRIVER sign Memorandum of Agreement, a press release from SPARC Europe, July 7, 2008. Excerpt:
India's publicly-funded project to support OA repositories at Indian universities has now launched 10 pilot repositories:
The project is not new, but I notice that I've never blogged background information on it. It's funded by India's Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR) and carried out by the National Centre for Science Information (NCSI) at the Indian Institute of Science (IISc). It includes the CASSIR cross-archiving search engine for Indian repositories, which launched in February 2007. I can't find a home page for the project, at least under what appears to be its official name, Development of OAI-Based Institutional Research Repository Services in India, but here's a description of it from the DSIR page on the Technology Information Facilitation Programme (last revised April 28, 2008):
Isabel Galina and Joaquin Gimenez, An Overview of the Development of Repositories and Open Access in Mexico. A paper presented at ElPub 2008 (Toronto, June 25-27, 2008). Excerpt:
Stevan Harnad, The #1 Myth About Open Access, Open Access Archivangelism, July 6, 2008. Excerpt:
"Just what is open access?... In an open access journal, there's no charge for reading articles... Yes, that's pretty much all there is to the definition."
Comment. Stevan is right to correct the impression that all OA is gold OA (through journals), and to remind everyone of green OA (through repositories). But "free online access" is itself only part of the story. Stevan links from that phrase to a more complete discussion. But because he doesn't elaborate in his post, I'll elaborate a little. The term "OA" is now used in at least two ways: (1) to remove price barriers alone ("free online access" or gratis OA) and (2) to remove both price and permission barriers (libre OA, which includes BBB OA). The gratis/libre distinction is not the same as the gold/green distinction. The former is about rights or freedoms, and the latter is about venues. Gold OA can be gratis or libre, and green OA can be gratis or libre. Just as we can't afford to forget green OA, we can't afford to forget libre OA.
Revues.org announced in its July 3 newsletter that it had launched 3 new OA journals: Balkanologie: Revue d’études pluridisciplinaires [Balkanology: Journal of multidisciplinary studies], Lapurdum: Revue d’études basques [Lapurdum: Journal of Basque studies], and the Revue historique des armées [Journal of military history]. (Thanks to Jean-Claude Guédon.)
Balkanology and Lapurdum have been in print for over 10 years each; the Revue historique des armées has been in publication since 1945.
In the same newsletter, Revues.org also announced that its parent organization, the Centre pour l’édition électronique ouverte [Center for Open Electronic Publishing], has become the first French organization to contribute financially to the Directory of Open Access Journals.
Catharine van Ingen, Researchers Create a "Digital Watershed" of Data, Microsoft.com, undated. A profile of the California Water CyberInfrastructure project.
Christian Zimmermann, RePEc in June 2008, The RePEc blog, July 3, 2008.
Comment. If I'm reading this right, then the number of papers in RePEc has grown by 20% in under a year. Those are remarkable growth figures, if that's the case.
The International Journal of BioSciences and Technology is a new peer-reviewed OA journal sponsored by the VM University. The inaugural issue is now available. (Thanks to ICAAP.)
Three new items from Medknow:
John Sulston, recipient of the 2002 Nobel Prize for medicine, has launched a new research institute, the Institute for Science, Ethics and Innovation at the University of Manchester. Sulston is using the launch to highlight his views on openness in science and the need to reform innovation and intellectual property policy. (Thanks to Subbiah Arunachalam.)
See the op-ed co-authored by Sulston and Joseph Stiglitz in the July 5 edition of The Times:
... The question of “Who owns science?” is therefore a crucial one, the answer to which will have broad-reaching implications for scientific progress and for the way in which the benefits of science are distributed, fairly or otherwise. Two of the most pressing issues concern equity of access to scientific knowledge and the useful products that arise from that knowledge. ...See also coverage in The Times and the BBC.
Update. See also coverage in IP Watch.
The list starts with 204 links to publisher policies and 26 annotations. We've very grateful to Arta Dobbs (University of Connecticut Health Center), Molly Keener (Wake Forest University Health Sciences), and P. Scott Lapinski (Harvard Medical School) for their hard work in developing this foundation on which the public can now build.
OAD is a wiki and we encourage all users to help keep it comprehensive, accurate, and up to date. We especially encourage publishers with a policy on NIH-funded authors to make sure that their policy is included on the new list.