News from the open access movementJump to navigation
Annemarie Beunen, Acceptance of the JISC/SURF Licence to Publish & accompanying Principles by traditional publishers of journals, SURFfoundation report, dated December 2007 but apparently released February 29, 2008. From the February 29 announcement and summary:
Update. Also see Stevan Harnad's comments.
Update. Also see the article in Information World Review, March 12, 2008.
Lieberman Calls for Wider, Easier, Timely Access to CRS Reports, press release, U.S. Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, February 28, 2008. (Thanks to ResourceShelf.)
See also Matthew Weigelt, Sen. Lieberman wants congressional research to be public, Federal Computer Week, February 28, 2008. Lieberman is asking the Senate Rules and Administration Committee, which has jurisdiction over the internal affairs of the Senate,
... to make unclassified [Congressional Research Service] reports available on a public database, where the reports would be automatically posted after CRS publishes or updates them ...
N.B. As works of the federal government, CRS reports are in the public domain. However, CRS reports are currently confidential: research is done at the request of a Congressperson, who has sole discretion to release the research. Lieberman is seeking action by the Rules Committee on S. Res. 401, which would post all unclassified reports in a public database.
For background, see past OAN posts on CRS reports.
A recent discussion on the Liblicense-L list (beginning with this post by Beth Jacoby on February 25) has highlighted Elsevier's policies for inter-library loan of its electronic journal articles: To fulfill an ILL request, print the electronic article, then scan it back into the computer to send it. See the February 28 post by Daviess Menefee of Elsevier Library Relations, or Elsevier's policy page last updated February 7.
In a February 29 post at DigitalKoans, Charles Bailey provides some background:
Since, in the U.S., print journals are owned, are subject to the "first sale doctrine," and are covered by long-standing CONTU Guidelines, libraries have not had to generally grapple with complex ILL issues for them; however, e-journals from major publishers are licensed, licenses are publisher-specific, and the terms of the license agreements determine if and how ILL can be performed.A request has also been posted on the list for Elsevier to explain the rationale behind this policy, to which there has not yet been a response. (We'll add it here if/when there is.)
Comment. Any unauthorized use of copyrighted content may be defensible as fair use under U.S. law. But there is less clarity regarding such uses than the fairly well-established ILL guidelines.
Update. Via the Internet Archive, this aspect of Elsevier's policy appears to date back to at least 2005.
Update. On March 3, Elsevier's Menefee posted a response:
As to why we require printing first (and our understanding is that most publishers also do this), the reasons are fairly simple. First, this is most closely analogous to the traditional and well-understood practices of print, where one photocopies or scans the print. What is received by the requester is about the same quality copy.
A new OSI-supported OA source book, Electronic Publishing Trust for Development, February 29, 2008. Excerpt:
Philipa Mladovsky, Elias Mossialos, and Martin McKee, Improving access to research data in Europe, BMJ, February 9, 2008. An editorial. (Thanks to Napoleon Miradon.) Only a small fragment is free online for non-subscribers, like me:
Michael Jensen, Open Access, re Journals vs. Books, Publishing Frontier, February 29, 2008. Excerpt:
Comment. Jensen is a pioneer of OA book publishing. Under his leadership, the National Academies Press has been publishing dual (OA and non-OA) editions of all its research monographs since 1994. He has also written frequently about the NAP's experience that the OA editions increased the net sales of the print editions. See, for example, his articles on this from 2001, 2005, and 2007.
Last October, Library and Archives Canada released its Canadian Digital Information Strategy for public comment. The draft called for "timely and open online access to Canada's public information and publicly-funded research information and data."
LAC has now released the public comments. (Thanks to Heather Morrison.) Unfortunately, there's no summary, at least not yet. Without reading each response, or making a Google co-op search engine to index the collection, we won't be able to tell what they say about the call for OA to publicly-funded research.
MacArthur grant to bolster public interest, advocacy in digital copyright, press release, American Library Association, February 27, 2008.
See also the note in Library Journal's Academic Newswire.
Michelle Thorne, University of Auckland embeds CC licensing, Creative Commons blog, February 28, 2008.
The Journal of Visualized Experiments has inked a deal with Wiley-Blackwell journal Current Protocols. From the Blackwell press release on February 20:
Current Protocols will use its large database to identify research labs with the most advanced state-of-the art experimental approaches for filming and video publication produced by JoVE. During the first year of the collaborative work, the two companies plan to produce and publish 200 experimental videos online.On February 22, Alla Katsnelson posted on a Scientist blog that
Moshe Pritsker, CEO of JoVE, told The Scientist this week that he had also signed similar deals with Annual Reviews and Springer Protocols.Attila Chordash blogs on February 26 that the videos will be apparently OA (the partner journals are not).
Hope R. Botterbusch and Preston Parker, Choosing the Best License for Wiki Content, TechNewsWorld, February 26, 2008. Does what it says on the tin.
BMC Research Notes is a new, peer-reviewed OA journal published by BioMed Central. Research Notes will publish "scientifically sound research across all fields of biology and medicine, enabling authors to publish updates to previous research, software tools and databases, data sets, small-scale clinical studies, and reports of confirmatory or 'negative' results ... descriptions of incremental improvements to methods ... short correspondence items and hypotheses." The journal was announced on February 26. See also this second announcement. From the former:
... BMC Research Notes provides a home for short publications, case series, incremental updates to previous work, results of individual experiments and similar material that currently lacks a suitable outlet. The intention is to reduce the loss suffered by the research community when such results remain unpublished. ...Update. See also this blog post by Matt Hodgkinson at BioMed Central.
Heather Morrison, No to author's rights? Let your librarian know!, Imaginary Journal of Poetic Economics, February 25, 2008.
Authors, if your publisher will not permit you to keep your rights to your own work - to self-archive as you please, to sign the Author's Addendum of your choice - be sure to let your librarian know!
The Netsqured Mashup Project Challenge will award cash prizes for ideas for data mashups for social change. Deadline to submit ideas is March 14. They've got $100,000, to be divided among 20 projects. They'll also help connect projects with the help necessary to bring the idea to life. (Thanks to Science Commons.)
On February 25, Ellen Finnie Duranceau posted a podcast by John H. Lienhard V, professor of mechanical engineering at MIT, speaking about this OA textbook on heat transfer.
Jonathan A. Eisen, PLoS Biology 2.0, PLoS Biology, February 26, 2008. (See also the announcement of Eisen's appointment.)
SPARC, Science Commons, and ARL Offer Options for University Implementation of New NIH Public Access Policy, a press release from SPARC, February 29, 2008. Excerpt:
Update. Also see Georgia Harper's analysis: NIH Open Access Mandate: A Careful Look at Two Options for Retaining Authors’ Rights – “Do Nothing" and “Do it Early and Efficiently”.
The libraries of four of the national laboratories of the US Department of Energy have joined the CERN SCOAP3 project. The four libraries are from the Argonne National Laboratory, Fermilab, Los Alamos National Laboratory, and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
Gudrun Gersmann is building Perspectivia.net an OA platform for the research of the six German historical institutes outside Germany, such as the Deutsches Historisches Institut Paris where Gersmann is the Director. The site should launch in October 2008. (Thanks for Informationsplattform Open Access.)
The presentations from the DFG-DINI conference, Förderung der wissenschaftlichen Informationslandschaft in Deutschland: Chancen und Strategien beim Aufbau vernetzter Repositorien (Berlin, February 26-27, 2008), are now online. (Thanks to Informationsplattform Open Access.)
SHERPA has upgraded its JULIET directory of funder OA policies. JULIET now tracks funder policies on three fronts: OA publishing, OA text archiving, and OA data archiving, and for each one distinguishes different levels of strength or support for OA.
Update. Also see the SHERPA press release on the JULIET upgrade.
Jason Baird Jackson, Open Access Folkloristics (Part 3 of 3), Open Access Anthropology, February 28, 2008. Part 3 of the review of the field: see part 1 and part 2.
Chris Leonard, Open Access is the answer for interdisciplinary research, PhysMath Central Blog, February 25, 2008.
Luis Martinez Uribe has launched a blog on how the Oxford repository can support research data. The first post was February 13.
Bora Zivkovic, The Warlord in the Library: Interview with John Dupuis, A Blog Around The Clock, February 22, 2008. Dupuis is the author of Confessions of a Science Librarian.
Sarah Grant, Hopkins digitizes special collection, Johns Hopkins News-Letter, February 21, 2008. Apparently the first materials to be digitized in the university's partnership with the Open Content Alliance are a special collection of "anti-slavery pamphlets and publications that ran from the late 19th century through the Reconstruction period" compiled by abolitionist leader James Birney.
Comment. The article makes a number of confusing statements, the most egregious of which is the claim that materials digitized through the program are "available for downloading and reuse for any member of OCA". In fact, the materials are OA, not just for universities participating in the Open Content Alliance.
Terry Hancock, Promoting the Public Domain with Creative Commons' CC0 Initiative, Free Software Magazine, February 25, 2008. Discusses Science Commons' Protocol for Implementing Open Access Data, the CC Zero waiver and assertion, and the CC Public Domain Dedication.
Kevin Zelnio, Is the World of Taxonomy Ready for PLoS Systematics?, The Other 95% blog, February 20, 2008. (Thanks to C.R. McClain.)
University Scholarly Knowledge Inventory System (U-SKIS) is free and open source software developed at the University of Utah. U-SKIS "tracks .pdf files, records communication, and provides publisher's archiving policies to determine what may be added to institutional repositories." Version 1.0 was released on February 22. (Thanks to digitizationblog.)
Timothy Vollmer, Nebraska Library Commission adds CC-licensed books to collection, Creative Commons blog, February 22, 2008.
David McArthur, National Science Digital Library: Shaping Education's Cyberinfrastructure, Computer, February 2008. (Thanks to ResourceShelf.)
Museum Anthropology Review is a new OA journal published by the Indiana University Bloomington Libraries. The journal was announced on February 21. It began in February 2007 as a pilot project. The journal is peer-reviewed and edited by Jason Baird Jackson, associate professor in folklore and ethnomusicology at IU. From the announcement, on the journal's motivation:
Comment. See also this Inside Higher Ed story on the journal.
Letter from Jim Jordan about Gutenberg-e, Columbia University Press blog, February 28, 2008. Jim Jordan is the President and Director of Columbia University Press. Excerpt:
Update. Jim Jordan clarifies further in a post on LibLicense, March 6, 2008.
Newsmaker Interview, Part II: Harvard University Librarian Robert Darnton, Library Journal Academic Newswire, February 28, 2008. Part I of this interview appeared two days ago (and blogged here the same day). Excerpt:
Scott Jaschik, Abandoning Print, Not Peer Review, Inside Higher Ed, February 28, 2008.
CARL (Canadian Association of Research Libraries) and SPARC (Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition) have launched a Canadian version of Create Change, the useful introduction to scholarly communication and OA. From today's announcement:
Comment. I support university funds to pay publication fees at fee-based OA journals. But I must point out that OA journals do not "typically charge" these fees. On the contrary. Most OA journals charge no publication fees. In December 2007, Bill Hooker's survey of all full-OA journals in the DOAJ found that 67% charged no publication fees. The month before, Caroline Sutton and I found that 83% of OA society journals charged no publication fees.
Diane Harley (ed.), The University as Publisher: Summary of a Meeting Held at UC Berkeley on November 1, 2007, Center for Studies in Higher Education, February 2008. (Thanks to Chris Kelty.) Excerpt:
Christian Zimmermann, Volunteer recognition: Thomas Krichel, The RePEc blog, February 21, 2008.
Comment. See also Heather Morrison's profile of Krichel from February 2006.
John Wilbanks, Cyberinfrastructure, University Policy, Innovation, john wilbanks' blog, February 21, 2008.
Richard Sietmann, Open Access: Der "grüne Weg" soll attraktiver werden, Heise Online, February 27, 2008. A report on first day of the DFG-DINI conference, Förderung der wissenschaftlichen Informationslandschaft in Deutschland: Chancen und Strategien beim Aufbau vernetzter Repositorien (Berlin, February 26-27, 2008). Read it in German or in Google's English.
Jeremy Laurance, Drug giants warned: Tell the truth on medicines, The Independent, February 27, 2008. Excerpt:
Charles Leadbeater just released OA versions of the first three chapters (1, 2, 3) of his new book, We Think (Profile, March 2008). Also see two videos of him discussing the book's ideas (1, 2). From his summary:
Robin Peek, Harvard Faculty Mandates OA, a preprint of her Focus on Publishing column for the April 2008 issue of Information Today, February 27, 2008. NB: "The preprint will be removed on March 31st and the postprint will be posted 3 months after publication." Excerpt:
Mike Rossner, Executive Director of the Rockefeller University Press, has publicly released the letter he sent to the Department of Health and Human Services, supporting the OA mandate at the NIH and opposing attempts by publishers to delay or derail it. Excerpt:
Newsmaker Interview: Harvard University Librarian Robert Darnton, Library Journal Academic Newswire, February 26, 2008. Darnton is a Professor of History and the University Librarian at Harvard. Excerpt:
Colin Steele, Open access as an article of faith, The Australian, February 27, 2008. Colin uses the new Harvard OA mandate as a prompt to review the state of OA policy in Australia. (The captious title was an editor's idea, not his.) Excerpt:
Sally Murray, et. al, Open science, open access and open source software at Open Medicine, editorial, Open Medicine, apparently posted Feb. 10, 2008.
Charles W. Bailey Jr., Why Digital Copyright and Net Neutrality Should Matter to Open Access Advocates, DigitalKoans, February 26, 2008. Excerpt:
Comment. Charles is absolutely right. See my similar argument in Three gathering storms that could cause collateral damage for open access (March 2006). I recommend Save the Internet for those who want to track net neutrality news and learn how to support the cause in the US.
InfoInnovation has blogged some notes on Robert Massie's talk at the NFAIS Annual Conference (Philadelphia, February 24-26, 2008). Massie is the president of the American Chemical Society’s Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS). Excerpt:
Comment. I wish I had access to the full talk in order to see two parts in context. First, what did Massie mean by asking whether the trends toward OA (or Web 2.0?) "have to be opposed? Or assimilated?” It sounds like he thinks opposition is unnecessary and unwise. But does assimilation mean adoption? Second, I'd like to see whether he went beyond a narrow response to Peter Murray-Rust's claim that the new models were sweeping away the old, and offered a wider response to his argument that the new models were superior.
Update. Also see Peter Murray-Rust's comment.
Amy Gahran has some good advice (today at Poynter Online) for authors of research articles with important implications for public policy:
The Nordic Journal of Information Literacy in Higher Education is a new peer-reviewed OA journal published by the University of Bergen Library. The inaugural issue will appear in November 2008.
In elaborating what this means, the ministers mention the mobility of researchers, family-friendly scientific careers, education reforms, broadband penetration, and a new voluntary charter to manage the intellectual property of public research organizations. They do not mention open access.
Comment. Nearly a year ago, EU Research Commissioner, Janez Potocnik, proposed making the "movement of knowledge" a fifth freedom guaranteed by the EU Treaty alongside the movement of goods, services, capital, and labor. He spelled out the idea in his green paper of April 4, 2007, The European Research Area: New Perspectives. This was the paper that asked ingenuously whether the EU needed an OA policy, after the February 2007 meeting in Brussels in which Potocnik had already solicited and received abundant evidence that the answer was yes. See my blog comment on the green paper at the time it was released and my later comment when the public comments on the green paper (overwhelmingly supporting an OA mandate) were released in October 2007. It's hard to avoid seeing a pattern here: first, the Research Commissioner disregards the arguments for an EU-wide OA policy, and then the EU Ministers disregard the OA connection when acknowledging the need for the fifth freedom.
Update (2/27/08). Also see Napoleon Miradon's follow-up:
PS: I can add that the Slovenian Minister for Growth, ?iga Turk (no relation?), is an informed defender of OA.
Chris Anderson, Free! Why $0.00 Is the Future of Business, Wired Magazine, February 25, 2008. Anderson doesn't talk about digital scholarly publishing, though he does talk about other kinds of digital publishing. How far does his analysis carry over? Excerpt:
Graham Greenleaf, Legal Information Institutes and the Free Access to Law Movement, Globalex, February 2008. (Thanks to Michel-Adrien Sheppard.) Part I is a detailed overview of the movement and Part II reviews 23 specific OA Legal Information Institutes (LIIs) from around the world. Greenleaf is a law professor at the University of New South Wales and Co-Director of AustLII. Excerpt:
PS: Many of the resources collected here are free online for everyone. But some of them, like the HINARI, Agora, and OARE journals, are free online only for developing countries.
Susan Morrisey, Specter Speaks Up On Public Access, Chemical & Engineering News, February 25, 2008.
Update. Also see the story in Library Journal Academic Newswire.
Heather Morrison, Aiming for Obscurity (definitional post), Imaginary Journal of Poetic Economics, February 23, 2008. Excerpt:
Also see Heather's follow-up post on why plagiarists might aim for obscurity:
Related: See my article in SOAN for October 2006:
Update. Also see Steve Lawson's comment.
Alireza Noruzi, Educational Impact and Open Access Journals, Webology, December 2007. An editorial. Excerpt:
Update. The same issue of Webology includes Isabel Galina's book review of Catherine Jones, Institutional repositories: content and culture in an open access environment, Chandos, August 2007.
Walter R. Frontera and four co-authors, Publishing in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, March 2008. An editorial (accessible only to subscribers). From the abstract:
Scholarly Research Exchange is a new OA journal from Hindawi, for original research "in all areas of science, technology, and medicine". From the February 21 announcement: