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CERN's SCOAP3 project has posted a summary of Rolf-Dieter Heuer's talk, Innovation in Scholarly Communication: Vision and Projects from High Energy Physics, at the Academic Publishing in Europe 2008 conference (Berlin, January 21-23, 2008). Heuer is the Research director of DESY and Director-General Elect of CERN. Excerpt:
Rebecca MacKinnon has blogged some notes on the International Workshop on Asia and Commons in the Information Age (Taipei, January 19-20, 2008). (Thanks to Glyn Moody.) Excerpt:
T. Scott Plutchak, Questions for the ARL Public Access meeting, T. Scott, January 25, 2008.
Comment. Good questions. I'm only puzzled by the final paragraph. The NIH policy is a major advance for the OA movement and should result in free online access to 80,000 peer-reviewed articles per year, a bigger bump than we will ever get from any other single institutional policy. As I put it in this month's issue of SOAN:
Freeing up all the world's scientific (and scholarly) literature is still the goal. What comes next: more OA through journals and archives; more policies from funding agencies and universities to encourage or require OA archiving; and more education, assistance, and incentives for publishing scholars.
Update. See Scott's response to my comments.
Peter Cliff, Making effective use of your repository, a slide presentation at Queen's University Belfast, January 17, 2008.
Update. For the record, Eli Lilly denies that it ever suppressed results of negative clinical trials. In the course of reporting this for Outsourcing-Pharma, Kirsty Barnes unearthed a few other nuggets:
Jonathan Gray has blogged some notes on the Communia workshop on Technology and the Public Domain (Torino, January 18, 2008).
Norbert Lossau, First DRIVER Summit demonstrates the advancement of the European repository network and lays out further actions, DRIVER, January 25, 2008. Excerpt:
Comment. Welcome to Gavin and Open Students. When SPARC honored the student campaign for OA with its Innovator Award in December 2007, it named five students in particular as agents of change, and Gavin was one, "The Professional". I'll be a regular reader.
George Porter, Preston McAfee signs Faculty Statement of Intent supporting Make Textbooks Affordable, Open Access Authoring @ Caltech, January 23, 2008. Excerpt:
As faculty members, we affirm that it is our prerogative and responsibility to select course materials that are pedagogically most appropriate for our classes. We also affirm that it is consistent with this principle to seek affordable and accessible course materials for our classes whenever possible. This includes “open textbooks,” which are textbooks offered online to students at no cost.
Update. Also see Heather Morrison's comments on the initiative.
Update. I have just confirmed with ISS that, while it does have some external grantees, the current policy only applies to ISS staff researchers.
Kimberly K. Barlow, NIH mandates open access to researchers' publications, University of Pittsburgh University Times, January 24, 2008. (Thanks to Heather Joseph.) Excerpt:
Dorothea Salo has sketched a painfully plausible, fictitious Dr. Troia to dramatize the problem of getting faculty to self-archive. Excerpt:
Comment. We've all met Dr. Troia. We all work with Dr. Troia. When you think about motivating real-life OA archiving, think about Dr. Troia. By all means know the evidence for benefits to authors and readers, but don't limit yourself to it. If you're a good teacher, you teach the students in the room, not the ideal student who doesn't really need you. If we're good OA advocates, we must address researchers where we find them.
Update. Dorothea has created another character, Cassandra Athens, "webmaster for the Department of Basketology at Achaea University."
Update. Next on stage is Menelaus Fox, a collection-development librarian at Achaea University.
Update. Next up is Ulysses Acqua, the repository manager at Achaea University.
Charles Bailey draws an OA connection:
Comment. Here's another OA connection. As the OA percentage of the literature continues to grow, journals wishing to avoid publishing a duplicate or plagiarized article will find it easier to discover potential problems in advance of publication. Likewise, journals that don't care, or with the opposite desire, will find it harder to publish duplicates undetected. OA advocates have long argued that OA will reduce duplication of effort, allowing researchers to focus on new questions. For example, see how this point has been made by Jean Collins, B. Gitanjali, Leslie Pack Kaelbling, Edward Mills, Vinita Salvi, Sukhdev Singh, a pseudonymous blogger, the Applied Economics Research Bulletin, the European Commission, the Medical Research Council, and the Wellcome Trust. For the same reason, OA will reduce duplication of publication, at least for journals which make it a goal. This is a variation on the theme that OA deters plagiarism or, as Louis Brandeis put it, that sunlight is the best disinfectant.
The seven Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT) have created a YouTube channel for video lectures. Currently the channel covers 13 courses, and will grow to cover 110 courses by March. The project is part of India's National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning. (Thanks to Subbiah Arunachalam.)
Jon Udell, Alf Eaton shows how to gather scientific reaction to open access scientific articles, Jon Udell, January 24, 2008. Excerpt:
Nancy Sánchez Tarragó and Juan Carlos Fernández Molina, Open Access Journals: Knowledge and Attitudes among Cuban Health Researchers, MEDICC Review, 10, 1 (2007) pp. 18-21. Self-archived January 22, 2008.
Online Contents Linguistik is an OA database of journal tables of contents in general linguistics. (Thanks to Klaus Graf.) From the site:
Stevan Harnad, The OA Self-Archiving Sweepstakes: One More University and One More Funder Mandate, Open Access Archivangelism, January 24, 2008.
PS: The lead story in next week's issue of SOAN will be the OA mandates adopted or revealed in January 2008.
Peter Suber, Problemas y oportunidades (tormentas de nieve y bellos atardeceres), SEBBM (the journal of the Sociedad Española de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular), December 2007. This is a Spanish translation of Problems and opportunities (blizzards and beauty), from SOAN for July 2, 2007.
Stevan Harnad, Open Access and Open Data, Open Access Archivangelism, January 23, 2008. Excerpt:
Comments. I agree with nearly all that Stevan says here, and will just make a couple of short points on where we may diverge.
The World Economic Forum 2008: The Coming of Age of Open and Collaborative Innovation? IQsensato, January 21, 2008. Excerpt:
Last month, the EU Alliance for the Dissemination of Evidence launched a petition to the European Commission, asking it to subsidize free online access for the Cochrane Library, at least within Europe. From the text:
Update. The petition essentially calls on the EU to pay Wiley to provide EU-wide access for research largely produced by public funding. Ben Toth has given me permission to post his reservations about the petition. Toth is the Director of Health Perspectives and former Director of the NHS National Knowledge Service.
Yesterday, Italy's Istituto Superiore di Sanità (National Institute of Health, or ISS) adopted an OA mandate for ISS-funded research. (Thanks to Valentina Comba.)
The policy is not yet online in Italian or English. It requires deposit of the final version of the author's peer-reviewed manuscript in the ISS repository at the time of acceptance for publication in a journal. The full text will be available by intranet immediately (apparently for ISS personnel only) and by public internet after the publisher's embargo runs (apparently 24 months max). I hope to post a link to the actual policy shortly.
Supplementary Open Access, The RePEc blog, January 23, 2008. Excerpt:
The Open Access Unit of the Max Planck Digital Library has released a detailed wiki-based guide to Germany's new copyright law and its consequences for OA. The guide is in German and English. (Thanks to the Informationsplattform Open Access.)
Update. Klaus Graf argues that the Max Planck guide is not helpful, ignores important debates, and repeats common misunderstandings.
Dagmar Giersberg, Open-acces.net informiert zentral über barrierefreie Publikationsformen, Goethe Institut, December 2007. Read it in German or Google's English.
Comment. "CRO" ("CSU Research Output") is the university's institutional repository. The policy was clearly adopted sometime last year, perhaps early last year, but I only just learned about it. The policy not only mandates deposit of peer-reviewed manuscripts, but makes compliance a condition for internal funding and promotions --a smart and natural incentive. Kudos to all involved.
Brendan O'Keefe and Bernard Lane, Scientists 'obliged' to share wisdom, The Australian Higher Education, January 23, 2008. (Thanks to Colin Steele.) Excerpt:
PS: Senator Kim Carr is also Australia's Minister for Innovation, Industry, Science and Research. For background, see his public comments last week on the open dissemination of science.
PS: Congratulations to Yazdi, McCauley, Silver, Espinel, and Hadro.
UC Berkeley has launched a pilot program to pay publication fees at fee-based OA journals. The program is funded by the discretionary accounts of Thomas Leonard, University Librarian, and Beth Burnside, Vice Chancellor for Research. (Thanks to Chuck Eckman.) From the site:
Rebecca Trager, NIH battles publishers over open access, Chemistry World, January 22, 2008. Excerpt:
Comment. The ACS is blowing smoke. The copyright objection is groundless and the peer review objection is groundless. So is the objection that the bill requires NIH to consult with publishers. The bill says nothing of the kind, and in any case, and the NIH has conducted extensive public consultations in which publishers participated fully. For details on the public consultations, see my account or Heather Joseph's.
Scott Jaschik, International Call for Open Resources, Inside Higher Ed, January 22, 2008. Excerpt:
Also see the op-ed by Jimmy Wales and Rich Baraniuk in today's San Francisco Chronicle. Excerpt:
If you recall, the Cape Town Open Education Declaration made a "soft launch" last November in order to gather signatures before its official launch this year. (My November blog post also includes a long excerpt from the declaration.)
The declaration officially launched today. From the press release:
Comment. This is a superb document, and should unify and accelerate open education worldwide, roughly as the Budapest Open Access Initiative has done for OA. Please consider signing it, as an individual, on behalf of your institution, or both, and please spread the word.
Jeffrey Young, Blog Comments and Peer Review Go Head to Head to See Which Makes a Book Better, Chronicle of Higher Education, January 22, 2008 (accessible only to subscribers). Excerpt:
Update. Also see Ben Vershbow's post at if:book.
Update (March 13, 2008). Also see Jeffrey Young's update on Wardrip-Fruin's experiment.
Update (April 2, 2008). Also see Jeffrey Young's next update on the experiment.
In the latest installment of his Open Access Interviews, Richard Poynder interviews Peter Murray-Rust, January 21, 2008. This is another superb, wide-ranging Poynder interview, covering the importance of separate treatment of open data (OD) and OA for texts, the benefits of OD for research, technical and legal barriers to text- and data-mining, publishers who claim copyright on data, licensing OD, the distinction between price barriers and permission barriers, the difficulty of determining publisher policies on OD and OA, the need for a central organization to pursue OD, and the deep connections between OD and open source software. From the introduction:
Matt Agnello made a video of the SPARC forum, Working with the Facebook Generation: Engaging Student Views on Access to Scholarship at the ALA Midwinter Meeting (Philadelphia, January 11-16, 2008). Also see his collection of humorous quotes from the event. (Thanks to Gavin Baker.)
The largest public funder of research in Spain, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (Spanish National Research Council, or CSIC) launched an OA repository, Digital.CSIC, on January 18. (Thanks to Markus Trapp via Klaus Graf.)
This suggests that CSIC has some kind of OA policy for CSIC-funded research. But I don't know what it is and my Spanish is too weak to let me explore the site for clues. If you know or discover the CSIC policy, please drop me a line or post an English summary to SOAF.
Update (1/21/08). Gavin Baker reports that the CSIC appears not to be operating under an OA mandate. (Thanks, Gavin.) Here's his English-language paraphrase of a section of the Digital.CSIC FAQ:
He also turned up this interesting provision from the Digital.CSIC copyright page:
Harnessing Openness to Transform American Health Care, a new report from the Digital Connections Council of the Committee for Economic Development, January 2008. (Thanks to Rick Johnson.) From the executive summary:
From the body of the report:
Comment. The CED is a non-profit organization of business leaders dedicated to public policy research. This is not the first time the CED has endorsed OA. Also see its April 2006 report, Open Standards, Open Source, and Open Innovation: Harnessing the Benefits of Openness, which recommended that the NIH strengthen and extend its OA policy.
Update. Also see the short article in Wired Science for February 8, 2008.
JRC publishes texts to help development of computer-assisted translation systems, a press release from the EU's Joint Research Centre (JRC), January 21, 2008. Excerpt:
Comment. This is a great example of one of the most important but least discussed virtues of OA. OA not only removes access barriers for readers and increases impact for authors, but free online texts become free online data for sophisticated software that creates new forms of value for everyone.
Andrea Foster interviews Peter Brantley in the Chronicle of Higher Education for January 25, 2008. Excerpt:
Julian Dibbell has written a detailed account of the obstacles he faced in making an OA edition of his book, My Tiny Life, even after it went OP and the rights reverted to him. (Thanks to Glyn Moody.) Excerpt:
Today is Martin Luther King Jr. Day in the US. ResourceShelf has put together a good set of links to OA works by and about King.
Stevan Harnad, What About Open Access to Books? Open Access Archivangelism, January 20, 2008. Excerpt:
John Mark Ockerbloom, Copyright and Provenance: Some Practical Problems, Bulletin of the IEEE Computer Society Technical Committee on Data Engineering, December 2007. Self-archived, January 3, 2008. (Thanks to ResourceShelf.)
From the body of the paper:
Rick Luce, Learning from E-Databases in an E-Data World, Educause Review, February 2008. Excerpt:
John Seely Brown and Richard P. Adler, Minds on Fire: Open Education, the Long Tail, and Learning 2.0, Educause Review, February 2008. Excerpt: