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Comment. Kudos to AS. This is not just another funder mandate. AS is primarily a non-profit advocacy organization, not a foundation, but it uses some of the money it raises to fund research on autism. While 29 funding agencies have adopted OA mandates, AS is at the leading edge of a new breed of OA-mandating organizations. As it points out, it's the first U.S.-based non-profit advocacy organization to adopt an OA mandate. If we look beyond the US, it's hard to to know who was the very first in this category, but it might be the Arthritis Research Campaign, a UK non-profit with no public funds which adopted an OA mandate in January 2007. If you know other examples, please drop me a line.
Update (11/13/08). Also see Andrew Albanese's story in Library Journal. Excerpt:
Update (11/13/08). For the variety of research grants awarded by Autism Speaks, and their budget lines, see the Annual Report for 2007, p. 10.
Update (12/7/08). Also see John Wilbanks' comments.