Open Access News

News from the open access movement

Friday, May 16, 2008

Reasons to remove permission barriers

Klaus Graf, Warum brauchen wir Open Access mit Bearbeitungsrecht und kommerzieller Nutzung?  Archivalia, May 16, 2008.  A detailed recap of the reasons to remove permission barriers in addition to price barriers (in German).  Here's his summary in English (by email):

  1. Data mining, see [this post from April 9, 2008] (in English)
  2. Educational use, see GSU case and "Open Education" movement
  3. Open Content projects (e.g. Wikimedia projects)
  4. Re-Use of heritage items and scholarly
  5. photographs/illustrations: not possible if CC-NC and publication in commercial journal
  6. More chance for impact if commercial use
  7. Translations
  8. Wiki-re-use of materials
  9. Orphans
  10. Mirroring in repositories - LOCKSS principle
  11. We need more remix experiments

    Summary: CC-BY as default license.

Comment.  Klaus is right and I've often made my own similar lists.  Here's one from my interview with Richard Poynder (October 2007, p. 37-39):

...[T]here are good reasons to exceed fair use [and therefore to remove permission barriers], for example, to quote long excerpts, print full-text copies, email copies to students or colleagues, burn copies on CDs for bandwidth-poor parts of the world, distribute semantically-tagged or otherwise enhanced versions of a text, migrate copies to new formats or media to keep a text readable as technologies change, archive copies for preservation, include the work in a database or mashup, copy the text for indexing, text-mining, or other kinds of processing, make an audio recording of the text, or translate it into another language....

We're already well into the era in which all serious research is mediated by sophisticated software....Over time, we'll rely more and more on tools for crunching or reusing digital texts — for searching, mining, summarising, translating, querying, linking, recommending, alerting, and other kinds of processing. An important purpose of open access is to facilitate this future and give these tools the widest possible scope of operation....