Pseudocopulation Pollination

(Image Credits)

The Mediterranean orchid Ophrys speculum attracts
the male wasp, Campsoscolia ciliata (1)

Ophrys speculum (2)

 

Male solitary bee, Andrena nigroaenea visits the Spider Orchid, Ophrys sphegodes (3)

Ophrys sphegodes (4)

Andrena nigroaenea male pseudocopulating with a flower Ophrys sphegodes (5)

 

The male wasp, Neozeleboria proxima, attempts to carry away the labellum of Chiloglottis trilabra, the pollinia gets attached to the thorax of the insect (6)

 

 

Detail of left (7)

A male thynnine wasp attempts to carry away the
labellum of Arthrochilus huntianus and gets
hooked on the stigma of the orchid (8)

Andrena flavipes pollinates Ophrys bilunulata (9)

 


Drakaea glyptodon (10)

Disa atricapilla (11)

 

Pollination of Calochilus campestris by Campsomeris tasmaniensis (12)

 

Image Credits:

(1) Milius, S. 2003. Better than real: male's prefer flower's scent to female wasp's. (http://www.phschool.com/science/science_news/articles/males_prefer_flowers.html). Accessed December 2003.

(2) Redecker, D. 17 March 2002. Ophrys speculum. (http://www.unibas.ch/bothebel/News/orchids/ophrys_speculum.htm). Accessed December 2003.

(3) Schiestl, F. 7 January 1999. Pollination by sexual deception. (http://www.anu.edu.au/BoZo/peakall_group/Florian/pseudocop.html). Accessed December 2003.

(4) Fezensac, V. 14 March 2000. Ophrys sphegodes. (http://orchidee32.free.fr/Photos/GroupeSphegodes/Sphego1d.jpg). Accessed December 2003.

(5) Schiestl, F. 7 January 1999. Evolution of pollination by sexual deception: on pseduocopulation and what it's all about . . . (http://www.anu.edu.au/BoZo/peakall_group/Florian/). Accessed December 2003.

(6) Schiestl, F. 7 January 1999. Chiloglottis trilabra. (http://www.anu.edu.au/BoZo/peakall_group/Florian/Australia/Ctrilabra.html). Accessed December 2003.

(7) Schiestl, F. 7 January 1999. (http://www.anu.edu.au/BoZo/peakall_group/Rod/Wasp.JPG). Accessed December 2003.

(8) Arthrochilus pollination. (http://www.anu.edu.au/BoZo/peakall_group/Florian/Australia/Arthrochilus.html). Accessed December 2003.

(9) Schiestl, F. 7 January 1999. Sexual deceptive orchids. (http://www.anu.edu.au/BoZo/peakall_group/Florian/orchids.html).

(10) Ripley, B. D. 2002. Western Australia. (http://www.stats.ox.ac.uk/%7Eripley/Photos/WesternAustralia/img_1562.html). Accessed December 2003.

(11) Pfahl, J. 3 March 2003. Internet Orchid Species Photo Encyclopedia. (http://www.orchidspecies.com/orphotdir/disaatricap.jpg). Accessed December 2003.

(12) Branwhite, P. 1993. Campestris pseudocopulation. (http://www.anos.org.au/information/biology/calo-phot.htm). Accessed December 2003.

 

Created by Katy Nicholson, December 2003