THE GREEK ALPHABET - click on any Greek word to hear it pronounced


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GREEK LETTER How To
Say It
EXAMPLE
A a a[lfa a as in father a[ggeloV more...
B b bh:ta b as in Bible Bhqaniva more...
G g gavmma g as in gone grafhv more...
D d devlta d as in dog dexiovV more...
E e e[yilon e as in met ejgwv more...
Z z zh:ta z as in daze as the first letter of a word;
otherwise dz as in adze
zwhv more...
H h h\ta e as in where h[dhv more...
Q q qh\ta th as in thing qeovV more...
I i iw:ta i as in intrigue ijdouv more...
K k kavppa k as in kitchen kardiva more...
L l lavmbda l as in law lovgoV more...
M m mu: m as in mother movnoV more...
N n nu: n as in new nu:n more...
X x xi: x as in axiom xuvlon more...
O o o[mikrovn o as in off o{ti more...
P p pi: p as in pumpkin profhvthV more...
R r rJw: r or rh as in rhythm Jrabbiv more...
S s/V sivgma s as in sister

At the end of a word, s is written V
Sau:loV more...
T t tau: t as in totter tuflovV more...
U u u\yilon u as the German u-umlaut uJpokrithvV more...
F f fi: ph or f as in phantom or father !EfesoV more...
C c ci: ch as in Bach CristovV more...
Y y yi: ps as in lapse yuchv more...
W w w\mevga o as in only JWshev more...

DIPHTHONGS (two adjacent vowels that produce one sound)

DIPHTHONGPRONUNCIATIONEXAMPLES
aiai as in aisle ai|ma
eiei as in eight eij
oioi as in oil oijkiva
auau as in sauerkraut aujtovV
ouou as in soup oujde; eJn
uiui as in suite uiJovV
eu, hueu as in feud eujquvV
More examples....

SMOOTH AND ROUGH BREATHING; ACCENTS

SYMBOLNAMESIGNIFICANCEEXAMPLES
)smooth breathing markOccurs over a vowel at the beginning of a word (or over the second vowel of an initial diphthong); has no effect on pronunciation; all words that start with a vowel have either a smooth breathing mark or a rough breathing mark. ijdouv
( rough breathing mark Occurs over a vowel at the beginning of a word (or over the second vowel of an initial diphthong); adds an "h" sound to the beginning of the word; all words that start with a vowel have either a smooth breathing mark or a rough breathing mark. a{gioV
vacute accentOccurs over syllable to be stressed ("accented") but otherwise does not affect pronunciation. a[ggeloV
;grave accentOccurs over syllable to be stressed ("accented") but otherwise does not affect pronunciation. oujde; eJn
:circumflexOccurs over syllable to be stressed ("accented") but otherwise does not affect pronunciation. ai|ma
/iota subscriptA small iota attached to the bottom of a h or w (a/ h/ w/), usually at the end of a word. Has no effect on pronunciation. w{ra/
-diaeresisOccurs over the second of two vowels that would normally form a diphthong to show that they are to be pronounced as two separate sounds.)Hsai=aV
More examples...

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